Italian Air Minister Italo Balbo in Orbetello, Italy. Air Minister Italo Balbo with officers during a meeting. He looks at documents. Savoia Marchetti S.55 flying boats lined up on a field. Italo Balbo reviews airmen lined up on the field. A priest with Balbo. Balbo in flight gear as he prepares to take off for the Century of Progress Exposition in Chicago.
Air Minister Italo Balbo and other crew members in a meeting, discuss course of flight from Orbetello to Chicago. Picture of Savoia-Marchetti SM.55 flying boats over Rio De Janeiro in the background. Italo Balbo with his crew walks towards the dock. Savoia-Marchetti SM.55 flies overhead.
The Savoia-Marchetti S.55 flying boat in Orbetello, Italy. Officers around a double hulled flying boat. A hook lifts the flying boat. The officers work on it. The officers in front of a map note. Italo Balbo, the Minister of the Italian Air Force, sits and other officers in the background. Italo Balbo and the officers in a boat. The boat is sailed towards the flying boats. A number of flying boats stationed. The aircraft take off and in flight.
Events in Italy and the United States during the Great Depression. Italy, 1933: Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini at a ceremony to mark the 10th anniversary of his march on Rome, Italy. Fascists gathered at the ceremony. Mussolini hugs and greets a fascist officer. United States: Men of the Civilian Conservation Corps at their first training camp cut trees. Men eat food in a forest. Men and women participate in a walkathon during the days of the economic depression in 1933. From a August 11, 1958 newsreel giving a retrospective look at events 25 years prior.
Rise of fascism in Germany and Italy due to economic and social unrest in the wake of World War 1. Animated map of Japan, Germany and its neighboring countries, and Italy. Views of Italian Fascist "Black Shirts" marching bearing flags, and rendering fascist salutes. Fascists participating in the famous "March on Rome" in October, 1922. Spectators line the sidewalks and side of the road. Brief (jerky) views of unrest in Italy following World War I, due to unemployment and hard times. People getting food at an outdoor soup kitchen. Fascists promising better times are seen parading and riding in jammed open cars. Benito Mussolini, who was elected to Parliament in 1921, is seen in a top hat, arms akimbo, standing with other officials. Glimpse of Black Shirts marching. Back to Mussolini, again, who now makes some remarks to those standing with him and expresses himself with exaggerated body language. Another glimpse of Black Shirts marching. Film transitions to Germany, where Adolf Hitler is seen walking through a dense crowd of supporters. Hitler's clothes resemble a military uniform. Next, scenes illustrating the terrible post-World War 1 hyperinflation suffered by Germany during the Weimar Republic. Various banknotes and currency in ridiculous denominations are shown. People trying to buy groceries during this period. German militaristic marchers. Fascists giving arm salutes as they parade in a city street. General Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg (who is also President of Germany) is seen standing in front of Germany's top military leaders. Directly behind him is Marshal August von Mackensen, in a fur busby hat with Totenkopf (death head) insignia. Other Generals wear pickelhaube spiked helmets. Hindenburg's closest associate, General Erich Ludendorff stands just behind and to the left of Hindenburg. Glimpse of German soldiers in more modern uniforms. Next, Hindenburg is seen reviewing troops in the company of their commander. Next, Hitler is seen with a group of German civilian industrialists whose interests he promises to support. Alfred Krupp Jr. sits, with his legs crossed, next to Hitler. Glimpse of Hitler, in uniform, waving from a window. People running as a cadre of mounted police canter in formation down the street.
President Franklin D Roosevelt in the United States. A calendar shows the date 5th March 1933. Roosevelt leaves in a car after attending church service in Washington DC, United States on 5th March 1933. On March 9th 1933 Senate passes a bill proposed by Roosevelt to address bank crisis. The House also passes the President's proposed bill Franklin Roosevelt in his first fireside chats broadcast on 12th March 1933 talks about the bank crisis. He asks people to have confidence in the government. He ensures that banks will provide sufficient currency to meet the situation.