Japanese international activities during 1931-1945. Opening scene shows Japanese troops embarking on ships bound for an invasion of Manchuria, in 1931. Officers walking on the dock, amongst the departing troops. Scenes of explosions and destruction. Views of Shanghai during Japanese attacks in 1937. Destroyed buildings. Civilian dead lying in the streets. Japanese soldiers racing along a street in a three wheeled motorcycle vehicle. Change of scene shows Japanese diplomat Yosuke Matsuoka addressing a League of Nations meeting in 1933, after that body adopted a report blaming Japan for events in Manchuria. He objects to that action and then leads his delegation in walking out of the meeting. View of Japanese delegates in top hats and bowler hats exiting the building. Scene shifts to Japanese forces firing artillery and machine guns in Manchuria.They wave large Japanese flag victoriously after a battle. The next scene shows Italian forces occupying Ethiopia and raising the flag of the Kingdom of Italy, as Italian troops salute, presenting arms of rifles with fixed bayonets. Axis leaders celebrate the 1940 Tripartite Pact between German, Italy and Japan. The festivities take place in a hall displaying the three nation's flags on the walls. A large number of persons attend including Japan's Prime Minister, General Hideki Tojo, seen with two celebrants. Scene reverts to Chinese people trying to escape from invading Japanese forces. The refugees carry their belongings as they flee. Occasional shell burst is seen among advancing Japanese troops as Chinese soldiers put up resistance. Chinese soldiers firing artillery. In the U.S., Japanese envoys Kichisaburō Nomura and Saburō Kurusu are seen walking together into a building and entering a room inside. Next, are views of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, with huge plumes of smoke obscuring the bombed U.S. battleships in the harbor. U.S. battleships in line formation in the Pacific during World War 2. Aerial view of U.S. warships moving in parallel. British ships augmenting the U.S. warships. Naval guns firing. U.S. amphibious assaults on Japanese held islands in the Pacific. Prisoners of the Japanese who suffered in the Philippines. General Douglas MacArthur mingling with former prisoners and internees upon his return to Manila in 1944. Aerial views of Iwo Jima. Naval bombardment and amphibious assault of Iwo Jima. Numerous fallen Japanese soldiers. The iconic flag raising by U.S. Marines on Iwo Jima. View of Lieutenant General Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr. during the campaign on Okinawa, where he was killed in action. A Soldier being carried on a stretcher. Another throwing a hand grenade. U.S. soldier firing at a Japanese defender who falls out of his bunker. Large numbers of japanese prisoners of war assembled in a field. Japanese Kamikaze attacking U.S. warships off Okinawa. The sky filled with antiaircraft flak clouds. View of 40mm Bofors antiaircraft cannon firing and a Japanese plane falling and exploding on impact in the ocean.
Demonstrations by the U.S. Navy in the Pacific Ocean. Aerial torpedoes are demonstrated in sham battle trials. An aircraft in flight. Aerial view of the ocean. The aircraft drops automatically propelled shells. Splashes in water.
The Japanese Navy and U.S. Navy in combat in the Pacific Ocean during the Battle of Midway in World War II. On June 3rd 1942 : U.S. amphibious aircraft take off from a catapult. A sailor observes through binoculars from a ship deck. A convoy of Japanese ships in the Pacific ocean. A pilot in the cockpit of the U.S. Navy aircraft in flight. A man beside the control panel. The Pacific Fleet Admiral Chester William Nimitz on a ship. The United States sailors work on the ship deck. The sailors inside a cabin on the ship. Men walk out of the cabin to the deck. The men load a bomb in bomb bay of an aircraft. The ammunition on the deck. The aircraft takes off from the carrier deck. U.S. Navy ships attacked by Japanese aircraft. Smoke rising from an aircraft carrier in the Pacific ocean. U.S. ships fire at Japanese planes. A Japanese plane crashes into the ocean. A parked U.S. plane bounces to side of aircraft carrier after explosions and turbulence and nearly falls off edge. Dramatic close view of a Japanese aircraft hit while closing in on a U.S. Navy carrier. A wing tears off and the Japanese plane crashes into the ocean right beside the U.S. Navy carrier. Gun camera footage of U.S. Navy aircraft attacking the Japanese naval fleet. Japanese ships burning and smoking. Views of disabled Japanese ships off the Midway atoll. U.S. soldiers on deck of ship after the battle.
The film 'Sea power in the Pacific' showing Japanese dominance in China and at start of World War 2. Then it chronicles U.S. efforts to build Navy and fight back on sea and in the air. Opening scene shows Japanese Mitsubishi G3M (Type 96) bombers high overhead, and then closeup in formation. View from bomber of bomb bays open with bombs falling and view from ground of explosions and destruction. Overlay on film says: "China---1931." (This is not correct. The G3M bomber was not yet in service.) This film depicts Japanese attacks during second Sino-Japanese War, commencing 1937, Chinese civilians running to escape Jap;anese bombing of Singapore. Buildings destroyed and on fire. Next, Japanese troops, carrying the Rising Sun flag, are seen establishing a beachhead in an Amphibious assault. More scenes of Japanese infantry advancing through Singapore, ad it is being destroyed and burned. Soldiers charging along an alleyway, with pagoda in background. Next, Japanese soldiers are seen attacking Nanking, and committing atrocities during the so-called "Rape of Nanking," in December, 1937. Chinese civilians being summarily shot and dumped into a large open grave. Two Chinese prisoners with hands bound, being executed by rifle fire. Jubilant Japanese troops celebrating their victory. Map shows areas of China occupied during second Sino-Japanese war and the East Indies to the South. View of oil tanks; an open pit tin mine; a native cutting rubber tree bark to collect latex. Flags on map show regions of English, French, and Dutch colonial interest. It also shows Islands to the East, fortified by the Japanese. Cartoon shows Japanese soldier opposed by and American sailor (representing U.S. Sea Power). Next, famous images of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, December 7, 1941, are shown, including the USS Arizona burning and sinking. Hawaii, Midway, Wake, and the Philippines Islands, are highlighted on a map and Japanese control of the Pacific is illustrated. Japanese soldiers are seen displaying a captured American flag. U.S. Lieutenant General Jonathan M. Wainwright is seen surrendering the garrison at Corregidor, on May 6, 1942. View of Japanese General Masahara Homma discussing surrender terms with Wainright. Map shows interlocking web of Japanese fortified bases in Pacific and need for seapower to oppose it. View of American shipyard with hundreds of workers, employed to build ships for the war effort, in World War 2. Views welding, metal fabrication, and other shipbuilding activity. A new ship going down the ways and a woman christening a new ship with splash from bottle of champagne. A new "Liberty Ship," the Richard Bassett, going down the ways at Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard Inc. Baltimore, Maryland. Closeup view as the stern of another ship enters the water upon launching. View of it from a distance. Shipyard workers knock supports from under what may be a landing craft, as it is launched. Japanese warships underway in the Pacific and firing their naval guns. Explosions on a shoreline from naval bombardment. Japanese infantry wading ashore during an amphibious assault. Map shows where Japanese forces attempt an amphibious assault on Southern New Guinea, thwarted by the U.S. Navy in the battle of the Coral Sea of May, 1942. In June, 1942, a Japanese attempt against Midway Island, was again checked by the U.S. Navy in the Battle of Midway. View of USS Wasp (CV-7) carrier deck filled with airplanes, including Grumman F4F Wildcats. A Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bomber being cleared for takeoff from the Wasp. Gun camera film showing Japanese airplanes being shot down by pursuing U.S. aircraft.
The Battle of Leyte Gulf in the Pacific Ocean during World War II. Aerial view of the Pacific Ocean. A U.S. aircraft takes off from a carrier. The aircraft in flight. Naval guns being fired from ships underway in the Pacific. Animation depicts lack of communication between American forces. Ships underway. Animation depicts the cause of surprise enemy attack on American forces. Men look on monitors tracking enemy forces. Japanese ships underway in the Pacific. U.S. 7th Fleet ships underway. Animation depicts positions of U.S. Task Forces. Commander of U.S. 7th Fleet Admiral Thomas Cassin Kinkaid receives a dispatch from Commander of U.S. 3rd Fleet. Battleships underway in the Pacific Ocean. Animation depicts organized Task Force 34 and Task Force 38 pushing on. Animation depicts the various possibilities of American Task Force attack over the Japanese forces.
A film 'Over Sapphire Seas' shows the voyage of the Panama Pacific Liner from New York City to San Francisco. The liner leaves New York. A crowd waves as the ocean liner departs from the harbor. The captain and other naval officers look through a sextant. Women shop aboard the ship. Children play musical chair. A waiter distributes sandwiches to the children. Passengers play table tennis. The captain takes a round of the ship. Passengers relax and enjoy the refreshments. Women swim in a pool. A fat man jumps into the pool. Passengers dine on the ship at the end of the day. A butcher cuts beef and roasts it. Cooks cook food in a kitchen using electric utensils. Men and women dance in costumes. The captain sings a sailor song.