American troops waving their hats, hands and a flag in celebration of the Armistice ending hostilities. American troops escort smiling prisoners.Crowds celebrate in a public square. American soldiers celebrate while riding on an army truck through crowds. Soldiers kiss some girls. Crowds celebrate in New York City. A coffin for War is inscribed with statements saying: "Died November 11, 1918" and "Remember the Lustania" and "Gimbel Brothers". Celebrating people ride on the roofs of cars. One carries a chained effigy of German Kaiser that men hit with clubs. General Pershing, accompanied by officials, salutes the crowd and enters an open car that proceeds in a motorcade during "ticker tape" parade in New York City. General Pershing, on horseback, leads troops in victory parade. President Woodrow Wilson is seen aboard the ship SS George Washington during his December 1919 voyage to France to participate in the Paris Peace Conference leading to the Treaty of Versailles. "Vive Wilson" is spelled out in light bulbs on sign above Paris street during parade in Paris honoring Woodrow Wilson. Parisians celebrate with parade through the Arc de Triomphe on 16 December, 1918.
German cavalry on horseback entering Belgium and Berman infantry marching in France, at the start of World War 1 (1914). The famed Taxicab army is seen carrying French soldiers in Paris. General Ferdinand Foch reviewing elements of the French 9th Army. French and British troops firing a British BL 8-inch howitzer. French troops rushing across no-man's land of trenches and barbed wire, as shells burst. German soldiers taken prisoners in trench. General Foch shaking hands with U.S. General Pershing, aboard a U.S. warship. Sketch of signing of the armistice, November 1, 1918 on a railway carriage at Compiegne. Monument to Marshal Foch. Monument to Minister of War, Andre Maginot. concrete being poured. French construction of the Maginot Line. Animated illustrated cross-section of the line.View of troops moving on rail cars in the Maginot line. Glimpse of Maginot line guns on surface. At outbreak of World War 2, French troops deploy to the Maginot line. French troops inside bunkers and tunnels of Maginot Line. Marshal Petain reviewing the troops as they deploy. Muzzle of a Maginot line gun. Hitler with Military Chiefs planning. View of French Foreign Minsister, Aristide Briand,during signing of the 1928 Kellogg-Briand antiwar pact in Paris.Frank R. Kellogg, U.S. Secretary of State at the table to Briand's left. His signature on the document. A field full of French Bloch MB.150 airplanes. French airman poses with Potez 58 airplane. French AMC 34 tanks. Crowd milling about at Renault Building and unrest elswhere in Paris, France. Newspapers chronicle failure of the League of Nations. Movie cartoon about weakening of France by Nazi inspired social strife and sabotage. French Army troops in mess hall eat at long tables and pour wine with meal. Idle French troops across the Rhine River targeted by German propaganda and psychological warfare including banners; messages by balloons;German bands playing French tunes; large loudspeakers broadcasting in French.
Crowd fills the Plaza Venezia in Rome where Benito Mussolini appears on the balcony of the Piazza Venezia (formerly known as the Palace of St Mark) in Italy, on June 10, 1940. He announces that Italy has entered World War 2 on the side of the Axis powers. Views of the jubilant crowd waving Italian and some Swastika flags. Next, a road sign points to Paris and to Poissons, in France followed by view of German troops triumphantly entering Paris, through the Arch of Triumph. View of the Eiffel Tower, and of a German flag flying atop it. More views of German troops marching through Paris. A German railway gun firing. (Narrator implies that the target is the Maginot Line, which is not correct. It was bypassed by the Germans, negating need to attack it directly.) Other German railway guns and siege mortars firing and many huge explosions and fires are seen, including some from flame throwers. Next, German troops are seen marching around a circle where a railroad car is parked near Compiègne, France. This rail car is the scene of Germany's surrender to France in World War I. Statue of French Marshal Foch, who had then, received the delegates of vanquished Germany here. Adolf Hitler walking past a German Honor Guard, salutes. He is accompanied by Marshal Hermann Goering and other high ranking military persons. The nearby 1918 "Alsace-Lorraine monument" is covered by a German flag. The German delegation headed by Hitler and Goering, enter the rail car and take their places. Outside, the French delegation, headed by General Charles Huntziger, is escorted by German officers. They enter the car and he German delegation stands. Both delegations exchange salutes. Next, Hitler is seen stepping from the rail car, followed by Goering. The German delegation walks past the honor guard, and Hitler salutes them. German and French officials still in the rail car exchange salutes. Hitler expresses jubilation.
German occupation of France during World War 2. The cathedral in Reims, France. Vehicles and a few men on a road in front of the church. Trees lining the road. The railway car in which an armistice agreement was signed by Germany and the Allies at end of World War 1. The Memorial Tablet symbolic of the 1918 armistice, the Alsace-Lorraine, and Ferdinand Foch's Memorial in Compiegne Forest. Ferdinand Foch's carriage in which the first armistice was signed. In 1940 : German troops cross River Marne in rafts. A signboard showing the distances to Paris and Soissons. Another signboard showing the distances to Grand Fitz James and Paris. Troops on tanks moving on roads. A signboard shows distances to Pontarme and Paris. A soldier with a gun on his back. Soldiers moving with carriages on a path between fields. Trees lining the path. German troops moving on tanks advancing deeper into France. The troops on the road in front of the castle in Versailles. The German flag hoisted on a flag pole over the Palace of Versailles and German soldiers occupy the Palace of Versailles.
American and German troops sharing a smoke on Armistice Day on the Western Front in World War 1. Pittsburgh Press newspaper headline reads: "Kaiser finds refuge in Holland." He is seen at front steps of his house there, standing with two pet dogs. The German flag flies over the house. Scene shifts to a crowd celebrating in Paris France. Several French tricolor flags are seen. Next, crowds are seen celebrating in Washingtion, DC, where some in front of the old Executive Office Building, raise up an effigy of the Kaiser, holding a white flag of surrender. Finally, members of the German military high command and members of the German diplomatic corps and politicians are shown. (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
French Marshal Petain, now Premier, walks to a car and seen later at conference table with Pierre Laval and other national leaders. View of Adolf Hitler, with close associates, expressing delight after signing of the second armistice at Compiegne,ending French resistance, on June 22, 1940. German honor guard marching near Marshal Foch's railroad car where the 1918 armistice was signed. Monument of Marshal Foch. Hitler, Hermann Goering, and Admiral Raeder, head of the Kriegsmarine, review the honor guard. German stand at steps of the rail car. Raeder, and Goering, both carrying Marshal's batons, flank Hitler. French Army General Charles Huntziger, accompanied by General Jean Bergeret,Air Minister, Vice Admiral Le Luc, Commander of Maritime Forces, and Ambassador Leon Noel, are escorted by two German officers. They enter the railroad carriage. View inside, as Hitler, Goering and German representatives stand when they enter. Newspaper headline describes tax on France for German occupation. French prisoners of war in an outdoor yard and being moved to Germany. French prisoners in bucket brigade and carrying construction materials. French workers engaged in labor to support German war effort. Unhappy French children. Public funerals for persons executed by the Germans. German flag draped over the Foch statue. Hitler's touring motorcade passes Arch of Triumph in Paris in early morning when streets are empty. Parisians gather on streets to hear German orders broadcast. Many express distress. In Southern France, Military units carry their colors as they depart for North Africa. General Charles DeGaulle is among the marchers. DeGaulle seen reviewing contingents of French military. Free French soldiers parading in London, England. Military officers salute as the ship carrying Regimental colors departs. French colors carried beside unit with American flag. General Charles de Gaulle and General Henri Giraud at 1943 Casablanca Conference (Roosevelt and Churchill seated).