Views of Paris prior to World War II. The Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile (Arch of Triumph). The Tuileries gardens (Jardins des Tuileries) with bed of tulips in full bloom in foreground. The Eiffel Tower (la tour Eiffel). The fountain of River Commerce and Navigation at the Place de la Concord, Paris, with the Madeleine church (L'église de la Madeleine) directly behind, the Hotel de Crillon,barely seen at left, and its twin building, the French Naval Ministry, opposite, on the Rue Royale. People strolling and shopping on the Boulevard Haussmann. Awning of Les Deux Magots café and patrons seated at tables outside, in the Saint-Germain-des-Prés area of Paris. People relaxing in the Tuileries gardens, with Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel and Musée du Louvre in background. An artist at work, seated at a bench in the foreground. The west facade of Notre Dame Cathedral. Parisians looking at posters, reading in parks, visiting bookstores. Sign directing visitors to the Congres des Ecrivains (Congress of Writers) held at Maison de la Mutualité conference center at 24 Rue Saint-Victor, 5th arrondissement of Paris, France.in June, 1935. Several writers seated at a table with others standing around. Closeup of three. Closeup of British writer, Aldous Huxley, wearing eyeglasses. Two writers conversing. Scene shifts to Paris at night. Traffic on streets. Illuminated sign at Moulin Rouge cinema, topped with illuminated arms of a windmill. Sign of nightclub, Le Rat Mort, in Place Pigalle. Interior of a Paris nightclub with sophisticated clientele. French entertainer playing a guitar. An official posting an announcement called "Counseil de Revision," calling for conscription of citizens for military service. Parisians preparing defenses in the city, in front of the Eiffel Tower. Man deep in a trench preparing a shelter. Men carrying sandbags up a ladder to protect a national monument. Copy of the New York Times newspaper annnouncing the German attack on Poland. Copy of New York Daily News announcing fall of Holland. The New York World-Telegram paper announcing capitulation of France. German Panzer II tanks and motorcycle troops entering Paris. German infantry marching through the Arch of Triumph, on the Champs-Élysées. A Frenchman wiping his eyes as he watches the occupying troops. Hermann Goering with other officers riding in an open car along a Paris street. Closeup of Arch of Triumph. Adolf Hitler, accopanied by staff, looking at the Eiffel Tower. Nazi flag flying from the tower. Closeup of Hitler looking around. The U.S. Capitol building in Washington, DC. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in Academic garb, at the University of Virginia commencement ceremony, in Memorial Gymnasium, on June 10, 1940. (FDR's son Franklin Jr. was among the graduates assembled, from the UVA Law School). Roosevelt expresses American sympathy and support for nations invaded by the Nazis. American street scene. Women preparing gifts intended for France. A poster showing a French soldier, entitled: "Le Paquet Au Front." American draftees in training at an army post in the U.S. Smoke billowing from American industrial facilities. Workers at an American shipyard. View of warships under construction at the yard. A Huge gun barrel being moved on special rail dollies, in a U.S. arms factory. U.S. Navy F4U Corsair Production Line during World War II. M3 Lee medium tanks being manufactured in U.S. factory. Closeup of finished one being transported via transverse crane. M4 Sherman tanks moving on flat rail cars. A speeding steam locomotive pulling freight cars. Martin PBM-5 Mariner in flight over an Atlantic convoy carrying war materiel to the United Kingdom. Sailor wearing headset, standing near depth charges at stern of a ship. British Naval Ensign flying from mast of a ship.
Paris, France. The entrance of the Jewish hostel located at 16 Rue Lamarck, Montmartre. People enter the hostel. Several men lie in cots in the men's quarters and a few walk around the room. View of a plaque on the end of one bed that reads (in French) "In memory of Colonel Alfred Dreyfus 1859-1935." A man at a blackboard teaches French and several men listen, write and learn French in the classroom. People enter the building and stand in line near the Director's office. Woman with a child along with others enters a room for registration. Director Beilin checks records and papers from the people and consults index cards. Two Jewish men cook using large pots on a stove. One chef samples the food from a small bowl.
Designs by various international scientists and inventors who have contributed to solving the problems of rocket motor development, based on the German preparatory work. Their combustion chamber designs owe much to the German pioneers in the field. Shown are design sketches by Russian scientist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (Ziolkowsky) in 1914; French inventor Henri Melot, in 1920; German Friedrich Zander, in 1931; Bull, 1932; The American Rocket Society, with several designs from 1932; and The Cleveland Rocket Society. Views of rocket combustion research mactivity by Ernst Loebell of the Cleveland Rocket Society in 1933. He is seen outdoors in the snow with his apparatus. View of Loebell's test firing stand, and a picture of an actual test firing, outdoors. Ernst Loebell with model and rocket motor from his spaceship projects of 1934 and at the International Exposition dedicated to Art and Technology in Modern Life held in Paris, 1937. Cutaway views of the spaceship. The rocket motor wrapped in cooling coils. Rocket motor design by John Shesta of the American Rocket Society, from 1934. Design by Rene Armengaud of France, in 1934 and Deich in 1935
Between World War 1 and World War 2, training for French citizens for possible air raids in Paris, France. Members of a volunteer group supported by the government are trained for action against an air raid menace. The volunteers wear gas masks and gas-impregnated clothing and come out of air raid shelters. They get in a jeep and ride through the city streets. They escort civilians into gas-proof shelters. Dramatize film showswhat destruction might look like during an air raid. Dramatization: Aircraft shell the city. Bombs explode, fire in the city and buildings get damaged. Actual footage of practice drills in Paris where 'Victims' of the air raid are removed from the streets and are carried to the shelters.
Nazi rally in Nuremberg, Germany ca.1934. Massed Storm troopers and spectators salute Hitler.An artillery piece is fired. Hitler personally recognizing loyal Storm troopers. Animated map of Asia, showing Japanese occupation of Manchuria, and Italian occupation of Ethiopia. Newspaper headlines describe Britain and France hesitating to support League of Nations oil sanctions against Italy; and U.S. increasing its oil exports to Italy by 600% (ca. 1935). Hitler and Hermann Goering looking pleased in Hitler's private railroad car. Adolf Hitler at a planning table covered with maps. German citizens traveling abroad and Joachim von Ribbentrop visiting London, as ambassador to Great Britain, in 1936. View of Léon Degrelle and his Catholic-fascist, Rexist party in Belgium (ca. 1936). View of Colonel Francois de la Rocque speaking at a Cross of Fire (Croix-de-Feu) party night rally in France.Konrad Henlein,leader of the Sudeten German Party in Czechoslovakia. Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian National Socialist official, seen in an automobile during a parade. Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley, addressing followers and defending Hitler. Street scenes of public disorder attributed to Nazi sympathizers in France and Belgium. Mass meeting of the German American Bund in Madison Square Garden, New York City,1939. U.S. flags and picture of George Washington decorate stage. Fritz Julius Kuhn addresses the gathering and members rough up a protester. Views of heavy industry in Germany, especially steel manufacturing for remilitarization. Persons working at a German concentration camp. Dramatized execution by machine gun. View of Heinrich Himmler. German President Paul von Hindenburg. German national conscription of 1935. German youth training pilots with gliders. German paratroopers, Junkers 52 aircraft, soldiers goosestep, tanks. Ju 87 Stuka plane. German invasion of Rhineland, 1936. Construction of Siegfried Line. Antitank barriers, bunkers, dragons teeth. Hitler visiting Westwall. German military parade.
Scenes showing various historical events that took place in April 1935. In Stresa, Italy, on the banks of Lake Maggiore, leaders of Britain, France and Italy confer on German rearmament, in violation and defiance of the Versailles Treaty. (There they sign the "Stresa Front"). Images show the French and British delegations arriving by boat and walking near the port at Stresa, including British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald, French Prime Minister Pierre Etienne Flandin, and French Foreign Minister (President of the Council of Ministers) Pierre Laval. U.S. College students across the country join in anti-war, pacifist demonstrations. They are seen marching with banners and anti-war signs and cartoons. One banner reads, "It is the task of the 20th century to make this world a brotherhood." Also "War is Hell....Who want to go to hell?" and "War is Stupid". President Franklin Roosevelt returns from a two week cruise. He arrives in Jacksonville Florida. Local officials and crowds in Jacksonville greet him and cheer. Boy Scouts in a line greet the President. Views of Franklin Roosevelt in an open car and on ships and docks. Al Smith and Herbert Hoover share the speaker's stage in New York lending their support for the Salvation Army during the Depression. Scenes from the Easter Parade in New York City. Crowds gather, filling double-decker open air buses. Al Smith seen with his wife. Postmaster General James Farley and Irish tenor singer John McCormack are seen on Fifth Avenue in New York. Amelia Earhart completes a 1700-mile flight from Burbank, California to Mexico City. Scenes of her in Mexico City in a car laden down with celebrating Mexican officials. Aviatrix Bernadine King sets a new record for upside down endurance flying. She is seen getting into her plane, and her plane is seen upside down in the air.