Early historic aviation event: Air expedition from Moscow to Peking. The aircraft and aviators are welcomed in Mongolia and Peking. Russian fliers in pioneering flight from Moscow to Peking. They are welcomed in the sacred Mongol city of Urga, on their way to China, A Junkers commercial F.13 monoplane, of the expedition, taxis to left. Russian DH-4 support biplane , taxis to right. Officials pose in front of the DH-4. Pilot seen standing in rear cockpit in background. Mongolian red army band plays. A Mongolian giant seen standing in the crowd, with small children in front of him. Crowd of Mongolian people sits and watches the event. Idol bearers to bring good luck to the fliers. Mongolian lamas display small images of Buddha. Mongolian troubadour plays a morin khuur (two-stringed instrument). Four Mongolian children stand. Yurts in the background Mongolian women stand in full traditional dress. Mongolian men in stands with fancy hats with peak. Next sequence takes place in Peking, China, at the end of the 3,500 mile flight, where the aviators are feted with a reception. Crowd waves Chinese flags. One of the Junkers J.3 airplanes of the expedition taxis ahead. Russian crew steps from another Junkers J.3 of the expedition. Lev Mikhailovich Karakhan, Russian Ambassador to China, and Marshal Duan Qirui (AKA Tuan Ch'i-jui), Provisional Chief Executive of Republic of China, pose with five Russian aviators, on steps of Government house in Peking.
Film opens with outline map of Japan shown in contrast to 20 times larger China and figures representing China's 6 times greater population. Map of China is shown in pieces representing its numerous internal fiefdoms. In contrast, Japanese soldiers are shown marching in review before their singular leader, Emperor Hirohito and other national military leaders. Film shows contrasting 20th century characteristics of China and Japan. Sun Yat-sen, who figured prominently in post-Imperial China, and is considered the founding father of the Republic of China, is shown speaking to crowds. Narrator states that in 1911, this man fathered a peoples' revolution which brought to an end, China's ancient Imperial government. View of Chinese people marching and carrying flags and banners. Books are shown comparing China's Sun Yat-sen to America's George Washingon. Sun Yat-sen's political statement, shown in Chinese, contains words similar those in Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg address. View of schools and colleges built in the new Republic of China. Chinese students shown in libraries. A couple dining in a Chinese hotel restaurant, overlooking other buildings. A tall clock tower looms at the same height outside their window. Steel being erected for a tall building. Architects at work. Scientist looking through a microscope. Technicians at work in a chemistry laboratory. Medical staff and patients in a modern hospital. Children in school under compulsory education program. Chinese people exercising their freedoms of expression and religion. The funeral of Sun Yat-sen, in 1925, attended by his successor, Chiang Kai-shek, and other Chinese leaders in military uniforms. Chinese people attending an outdoor ceremony. Examples of areas needing modernisation. Chinese workers using manually operated machinery to process fabrics. Commercial vessel plying a river using wind and sail only. Views of steam locomotives and trains being introduced to link parts of China. Trucks moving goods over roads (still unpaved). Miners working in open air mines, digging coal and iron. Molten tin being poured from a crucible. Machines performing complex tasks in a fabric mill and women tending spinning and knitting machines. School children engaged in collective outdoor games and exercise drills. Scene shifts to Japan, where Emperor Hirohito, on a white horse, leads military leaders in reviewing Japanese forces. A formation of Japanese Model 97 medium tanks passing in review, with tank commanders saluting from their turrets. Glimpse of Japanese steel mill. Headline in World-Telegram newspaper of 14 february, 1934, reads: "Tokyo House Passes Huge Arms Budget." A Los Angeles newspaper of 23 November, 1934, expands on the same story. New Orleans Times-Picayune, Sunday, 5, May, 1936, reports that Japan is strained by its huge arms costs.
Flag flying. Map shows travel routes between West Coast USA and China. Plane takes off, flying over Golden Gate Bridge. People wave at plane. China Buildings amongst trees. Map of China. Clipper underway at sea. Map shows position of Canton. View of Canton harbor from a ferry. Ferry's rail. Map of Peking, also known as Peiping. Streets and building in Peking.
Progressive aggression leading to the take over of Tibet and fleeing of the Dlai Lama. Men raise the People's Republic of China flag on a mountain as armies of Communist China conquer Tibet. 1950: The Dalai Lama and Panchem Lama are brought to Peking in China. They are received by Chinese officials, presented with bouquets. A function at their arrival. 1955: African and Asian delegates at the Bandung Conference in Indonesia. China agrees to the 5 principles of peaceful co-existence. Delegates including Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai and Indian Prime Minister Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. 1956: The Dalai Lama and Panchem Lama are permitted to visit India to celebrate the 2500th birth anniversary of Lord Buddha. They are greeted by Pandit Nehru, Premier U Nu of Burma and other Indian officials an arrival. The Lamas with Indian officials seated for a meal on the ground in a hall. The Lamas are welcomed in a ceremony and Dalai Lama addresses the gathering. Tibet: China begins to impose Communist system on Tibetan borders. Construction work and forced labor. March 1959: Communist bombardment over Lhasa. The Potala monastery. Tibetans take up alms. Handcuffs and confinements. Demonstrations and protests outside the Chinese Embassy in Delhi. Former Prime Minister Of Tibet, Lukhangwa and other monks pay their respects at Mahatma Gandhi's samadhi (mausoleum) in New Delhi. Indian government officials and members of the international press reach Tezpur in Assam. They welcome the Dalai Lama. Photographers take pictures. The Dalai Lama addresses a gathering. Statues of Lord Buddha all over India and Asia. Tibetan monks pray. People sing Indian devotional song.
U.S. President Richard Nixon visits Peking, PRC (People's Republic of China). President Nixon gets off a car and is greeted by Chairman of the Communist Party of China Mao Zedong. They both pose for pictures. President Nixon seated with Chairman Zedong and Premier of the PRC Zhou Enlai. President Nixon shakes hands with Chairman Zedong and talks to Premier Enlai.
Opening scene shows formation of Japanese Mitsubishi G3M bombers in flight. View of bombardier at bomb sight inside a bomber. Bombs falling from the aircraft, upon the Chinese city of Shanghai, on a day in September, 1937. Ground level view of bomb exploding and Chinese civilians running for cover. A huge explosion throwing earth up. Aerial view of smoke rising from bomb strikes below. More ground views of bombs destroying structures. Chinese people fleeing across a bridge. Cluster of bombs falling from a Japanese airplane. More explosions and destruction. view from a G3M bomber, of others with bombs falling from them. View from above of civilians filling a street as they run for shelter. People on the ground rushing in all directions. Some are in horse-drawn carriages with luggage on top and other in rickshaws, apparently fleeing the city altogether. Bombing victims lying on the ground near destroyed structures. Heavy dark smoke rising from the attacks. Scene shifts to Japanese army officers entering the Yasukuni shrine in Tokyo. Behind them is A Shinto Tori (Gate) and behind that, the monument (statue) of Omura Masujiro. Scene shifts again, to view of the Temple of Heaven, an ancient Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Peking (Beijing) China. Chinese agriculture. Crowds of Chinese people. Stone statue of traditional Chinese lion. Picture of 1851 oil-on-canvas painting by the German American artist Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze, of Washington crossing the Delaware. Drawing of 15th century ship similar to one in Columbus'1492 voyage to America. Drawing of Roman Empire era building. Michelangelo’s statue of Moses. Drawing of ancient Egyptian pyramid and statue. Drawing of Chinese city and environs representing 4 thousand years ago. Extant ancient Chinese shrines and statues. Animated Relief map of China and surrounding countries of U.S.S.R., India,Burma,Thailand, Indo-China, Philippines, and Japan. Animation outlines China Proper. It also shows Manchuria and scenes from there of desolate mountainous land, with miners at work extracting raw materials. Mongolia and Sinkiang are outlined. The Gobi desert is seen with a long camel caravan crossing it. Closeup of nomads transporting animal skins by camel. The last region outlined is Tibet. The ice covered Himalayan mountains are shown. Buddhist monks praying in the courtyard of a shrine in Tibet. The Yellow, Si Kiang, and Yangtze Rivers are shown on the map. Views of Chinese sailing vessels.