Early historic aviation event: Air expedition from Moscow to Peking. The aircraft and aviators are welcomed in Mongolia and Peking. Russian fliers in pioneering flight from Moscow to Peking. They are welcomed in the sacred Mongol city of Urga, on their way to China, A Junkers commercial F.13 monoplane, of the expedition, taxis to left. Russian DH-4 support biplane , taxis to right. Officials pose in front of the DH-4. Pilot seen standing in rear cockpit in background. Mongolian red army band plays. A Mongolian giant seen standing in the crowd, with small children in front of him. Crowd of Mongolian people sits and watches the event. Idol bearers to bring good luck to the fliers. Mongolian lamas display small images of Buddha. Mongolian troubadour plays a morin khuur (two-stringed instrument). Four Mongolian children stand. Yurts in the background Mongolian women stand in full traditional dress. Mongolian men in stands with fancy hats with peak. Next sequence takes place in Peking, China, at the end of the 3,500 mile flight, where the aviators are feted with a reception. Crowd waves Chinese flags. One of the Junkers J.3 airplanes of the expedition taxis ahead. Russian crew steps from another Junkers J.3 of the expedition. Lev Mikhailovich Karakhan, Russian Ambassador to China, and Marshal Duan Qirui (AKA Tuan Ch'i-jui), Provisional Chief Executive of Republic of China, pose with five Russian aviators, on steps of Government house in Peking.
Chinese officials at an airfield. A DC-3 passenger aircraft taxis in and parks. UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold hurries down steps of the aircraft and is greeted by Chinese officials. Hammarskjold shakes hands with many of them, and then drives off in a car. The Secretary General is on a mission to secure the release of fifteen American fliers being held by the Chinese, who do not consider them Prisoners of War to be repatriated, following the Korean War. He is seen later at a dinner reception in a hall with many Chinese officials in attendance. Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai and Secretary General Hammarskjold spend considerable time conversing, with help of translator. They toast with several other officials, and appear to have a relaxed and pleasant meeting.
Flag flying. Map shows travel routes between West Coast USA and China. Plane takes off, flying over Golden Gate Bridge. People wave at plane. China Buildings amongst trees. Map of China. Clipper underway at sea. Map shows position of Canton. View of Canton harbor from a ferry. Ferry's rail. Map of Peking, also known as Peiping. Streets and building in Peking.
Progressive aggression leading to the take over of Tibet and fleeing of the Dlai Lama. Men raise the People's Republic of China flag on a mountain as armies of Communist China conquer Tibet. 1950: The Dalai Lama and Panchem Lama are brought to Peking in China. They are received by Chinese officials, presented with bouquets. A function at their arrival. 1955: African and Asian delegates at the Bandung Conference in Indonesia. China agrees to the 5 principles of peaceful co-existence. Delegates including Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai and Indian Prime Minister Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. 1956: The Dalai Lama and Panchem Lama are permitted to visit India to celebrate the 2500th birth anniversary of Lord Buddha. They are greeted by Pandit Nehru, Premier U Nu of Burma and other Indian officials an arrival. The Lamas with Indian officials seated for a meal on the ground in a hall. The Lamas are welcomed in a ceremony and Dalai Lama addresses the gathering. Tibet: China begins to impose Communist system on Tibetan borders. Construction work and forced labor. March 1959: Communist bombardment over Lhasa. The Potala monastery. Tibetans take up alms. Handcuffs and confinements. Demonstrations and protests outside the Chinese Embassy in Delhi. Former Prime Minister Of Tibet, Lukhangwa and other monks pay their respects at Mahatma Gandhi's samadhi (mausoleum) in New Delhi. Indian government officials and members of the international press reach Tezpur in Assam. They welcome the Dalai Lama. Photographers take pictures. The Dalai Lama addresses a gathering. Statues of Lord Buddha all over India and Asia. Tibetan monks pray. People sing Indian devotional song.
Division of Vietnam into North and South Vietnam as Indochina war ends up in Vietnam. Aerial view of cratered battle ground, with smoke rising, at Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam, in March, 1954. A French A-26 Invader aircraft flying above some clouds and pilot in cockpit using radio. French paratroops, dropping from C-47 aircraft, and landing, to reinforce troops dug in at Dien Bien Phu. French artillery firing and rounds exploding in the distance. French troops moving through brush, and carrying wounded back out. Citizens on streets of Hanoi, North Vietnam, scrounging for scraps to eat. An old woman hunkered down in a doorway. A mother with a young boy. French troops crossing a bridge as they surrender following the siege at Dien Bien Phu. North Vietnamese troops entering Hanoi. Delegates at the Geneva conference of 1954, in the Palais des Nations, including representatives of the Soviet Union, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, and the People’s Republic of China, among others. Closeup of Soviet delegation, with Foreign Minister, Vyacheslav Molotov, second from left. View of the North Vietnamese delegation, and delegate Ta Quang Buu, Vice Minister of Defense of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), and Head of their Military Delegation, signing the accords. Closeup of one treaty page, with his signature, as Minister of Defense, and that of Henri, Deltiel, Brigadier General, who signed for the Commander in Chief of all French Forces in Indochina. OUtdoors. After the conference, Soviet Foreign Minister, Molotov shakes hands with Chou En-lai, Chinese Foreign Minister. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister,Andrei Gromyko, wearing a hat, is standing behind Molotov. A long line of refugees fleeing to the South, from North Vietnam. A 1954 map showing the division of North and South Vietnam at the 19th parallel. Mist settled among mountain tops. South Vietnamese people engaged in agricultural pursuits and building new dwellings. South Vietnamese placing ballots in boxes during elections. Brief glimpse of the glamorous Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu, defacto First Lady of South Vietnam, dressed in ao dai and wearing dark glasses, as she leaves a polling place. Farmers dressed in traditional conical hats (non la) working in grain fields, and reaping and carrying cut grain on poles in the South. Beautiful view of fishermen and boats silhouetted against sky, with tall limestone islands in background, at Ha Long Bay, North Vietnam (incorrectly implying it shows South Vietnamese in peaceful pursuits). South Vietnamese at work building structures with concrete blocks. A car with bullet holes in the windshield, draws attention on busy street in South Vietnam. Closeup of murdered man inside on floor of car. Scenes of vandalism at a house. Viet Minh guerillas moving through jungles and setting fires to straw roofed houses. Remains of a destroyed dwelling. Bodies of South Vietnamese killed, according to the narrator, by "Viet Cong pursuasion squads." A framed picture of Ho Chi Minh, over a North Vietnamese star flag.
U.S. President Richard Nixon visits Peking, PRC (People's Republic of China). President Nixon gets off a car and is greeted by Chairman of the Communist Party of China Mao Zedong. They both pose for pictures. President Nixon seated with Chairman Zedong and Premier of the PRC Zhou Enlai. President Nixon shakes hands with Chairman Zedong and talks to Premier Enlai.