Hard times in the Great Depression led to formation of The Bonus Army. American veterans of World War 1 march on streets of Washington DC, carrying a large poster demanding immediate cash redemption their "bonus" service certificates awarded by Congress in 1924 (but not lawfully payable until 1945). Army Chief of Staff, General Douglas MacArthur, ordered by President Hoover, to clear the Bonus Army encampments, is seen standing in a street surrounded by several U.S. Army troops. People watch from sidewalks as a contingent of U.S. Army cavalry rides down the street. U.S. Army M-1917 tanks roll down Pennsylvania Avenue in July 1932. Bonus marchers and others watch from Lafayette Park in background. Scene shifts to the 1932 Democratic Party Convention in Chicago Stadium, Chicago, where delegates cheer after nominating Franklin D. Roosevelt as their Presidential candidate. Roosevelt seen waving from the podium. Migrant farm workers seen at temporary, dilapidated dwellings in close quarters, and sitting at a campfire, some with sad and desperate faces. Migrant farm workers' cars on the road, piled high with family belongings during westward migration. Migrants riding atop an open railroad freight car. Two men share a copy of the "Epic News" newspaper (published by supporters of Upton Sinclair and the End Poverty Movement in Los Angeles and central California). Narrator describes programs of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Construction workers ignite demolition charges during construction of Boulder Dam (aka Hoover Dam and officially so-named in 1947). Glimpse of President Roosevelt at the site in an open car, for its dedication on September 30, 1935. Construction workers engaged in building the dam. Another shot of President Roosevelt in his open car. Towers being erected to carry electric power from the dam's hydroelectric generators. President Franklin D. Roosevelt smiling broadly at the formal dedication ceremony, September 30, 1935. Controlled discharges of water through the dam. Views of the Boulder Dam hydroelectric generating station. Oil well rigs or oil derricks at work during construction at night. People at work in fabric mills or textile mills, and in a print shop
Provisions of the Social Security Act, 1935 in the United States. The Capitol of the United States, in Washington, DC. Scenes of Americans suffering during the Great Depression. Industrial plants closing putting people out of work. Unemployed and needy Americans lined up for a meal at a soup kitchen. The Social Security Act,1935 its provisions provides immediate aid to the needy, aged, blind and dependent children. A diagrammatic presentation depicts: the procedure by which the jobless and needy will receive monthly income through joint cooperation of the Federal and the State Governments. A postman hands over monthly income to a blind man and a dependent child at their house. Other provision of the act is the Old Age Benefits. A diagrammatic presentation depicts: the procedure by which the worker will receive benefits at the age of 65 years. To apply for a Social Security Account Number, one has to fill out an application and deposit it at any labor organization or post office. Animation shows how one fills out an application. At a post office, officers assist a man in filling out his application. Workers receiving their social security cards from their employers: a soda jerk at a soda fountain receives his and shows it. A man and a woman show theirs. A boss gives a factory worker his new social security card, along with his pay envelope. A man working at a bench receives his from his employer. A projectionist in a movie theater projection booth receives his card from his employer. A number of the cards is shown. An older retired man and woman are shown relaxing at home by their fireplace.
Applications for social security accounts under the Social Security Act,1935 in the United States. Display of a calendar. After the enactment of the Social Security Act, 1935 on 24 November, 1936, workers sign applications to apply for Old Age Retirement Benefits for the first time. A United States Post Office building. A man fills out an application for a social security card, at the post office. Five ways to return filled applications include handing them to a shop foreman, secretary of labor union, letter carrier or depositing them directly at a post office or dropping in local mail box. After returning the application the workers receive Social Security Account Numbers from the Social Security Board. They receive monthly income for life when they retire at the age of 65 years.
Recovery of building industry in the United States. Views of men hammering nails, plastering, brick laying, cementing, painting and laying false floors during a remodeling program in the United States. View of the industries which have undergone equipment improvement. Large crowds of men who are employed in the remodeling program. Laborers during construction work on streets. People at work in factories and industries and men at work in residential complexes under the National Housing Act of 1935. U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt writing at his desk.
The new building of the United States Department of Justice, at Pennsylvania Avenue and 9th Street, in Washington DC. Exterior of the building. Traffic including cars, trucks, and trolley cars, moves past the building. Flags flutter from the flag poles in front of the building. 'Federal Bureau of Investigation' written on a wall inside a section of the building, where the FBI is headquartered.
United States Senator Nye in Washington DC. U.S. Senator Nye denounces war. As the Chairman of the Munitions Investigating Committee he declares commercial interests want another large European war to serve their greedy interests . He states his belief that adequate neutrality legislation will keep the country at peace. The Neutrality Act of 1935 was signed on August 31, 1935.