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Pennsylvania United States USA 1945 stock footage and images

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The 1930s Great Depression and the administrations of Presidents Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt, in the United States

Hard times in the Great Depression led to formation of The Bonus Army. American veterans of World War 1 march on streets of Washington DC, carrying a large poster demanding immediate cash redemption their "bonus" service certificates awarded by Congress in 1924 (but not lawfully payable until 1945). Army Chief of Staff, General Douglas MacArthur, ordered by President Hoover, to clear the Bonus Army encampments, is seen standing in a street surrounded by several U.S. Army troops. People watch from sidewalks as a contingent of U.S. Army cavalry rides down the street. U.S. Army M-1917 tanks roll down Pennsylvania Avenue in July 1932. Bonus marchers and others watch from Lafayette Park in background. Scene shifts to the 1932 Democratic Party Convention in Chicago Stadium, Chicago, where delegates cheer after nominating Franklin D. Roosevelt as their Presidential candidate. Roosevelt seen waving from the podium. Migrant farm workers seen at temporary, dilapidated dwellings in close quarters, and sitting at a campfire, some with sad and desperate faces. Migrant farm workers' cars on the road, piled high with family belongings during westward migration. Migrants riding atop an open railroad freight car. Two men share a copy of the "Epic News" newspaper (published by supporters of Upton Sinclair and the End Poverty Movement in Los Angeles and central California). Narrator describes programs of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Construction workers ignite demolition charges during construction of Boulder Dam (aka Hoover Dam and officially so-named in 1947). Glimpse of President Roosevelt at the site in an open car, for its dedication on September 30, 1935. Construction workers engaged in building the dam. Another shot of President Roosevelt in his open car. Towers being erected to carry electric power from the dam's hydroelectric generators. President Franklin D. Roosevelt smiling broadly at the formal dedication ceremony, September 30, 1935. Controlled discharges of water through the dam. Views of the Boulder Dam hydroelectric generating station. Oil well rigs or oil derricks at work during construction at night. People at work in fabric mills or textile mills, and in a print shop

Date: 1932
Duration: 2 min 20 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Newspaper headlines for Victory in Europe Day, seen in Washington DC

Victory in Europe Day during World War II. View of street corner as people walk to and fro at intersection of Pennsylvania Avenue and 15th Street Northwest in Washington DC, United States. People walk at the street corner with an American flag at half mast in the background. American citizens in typical dress of 1945. View of the street signs at the instersection '15th St" and "Penn Av" Newspaper headlines declare end of World War II in Europe. The Washington Afro American newspaper headling, "War Ends in Europe". Front page of the the Jewish Journal and Daily News with Hebrew text.

Date: 1945, May 8
Duration: 1 min 3 sec
Sound: No
Color: Color
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
General Eisenhower returning home to Washington, DC after World War Ii, by way of Paris and London.

With the war ended, General Dwight D. Eisenhower is feted in London, on his way home to America. He is seen stepping into a ceremonial horse-drawn carriage, as throngs of spectators line the sidewalks to watch. Accompanied by British Air Marshal Arthur Tedder, Eisenhower rides in the carriage, escorted by police on white horses. Crowds cheer Ike from the sidewalks as the carriage passes. The carriage stops at the London Guildhall. (A sign reads: "Site of the Guildhall Chapel, 1299-1822.") Inside, Sir Frank Alexander, Lord Mayor of London, is seen making Ike an honorary citizen of London and presenting him a token sword that once belonged to the Duke of Wellington. Outside, the streets are jammed with London well-wishers who applaud and cheer the Supreme Allied Commander as his carriage passes them on the way to Mansion House. At some points, Eisenhower stands and acknowledges the crowds cheers and he sometimes salutes, while seated. Glimpse of spectators jammed side-by-side in the streets. Eisenhower is seen standing on the balcony of Mansion House, flanked by Prime Minister Winston Churchill, in a top hat. The balcony is decorated with British and American flags. Sounds of the cheering crowd can be heard as Ike says: "Whether or not you know it, I am now a Londoner, myself." The crowd cheers. He continues: "I have just as much right to be down in that crowd, yelling, as you have." He goes on to make other remarks about the peaceful state of things. He bids all farewell and he and Churchill turn to enter the building. Scene shifts completely to the Arch of Triumph in Paris, where General Eisenhower is seen ceremoniously laying a wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier. He steps back to stand beside French General Charles de Gaulle. They and accompanying military officers salute. The memorial flame at the tomb fills the foreground. Next, in a closeup, General de Gaulle is seen decorating Eisenhower with the Medal of Liberation. Glimpse of enthusiastic French citizens cheering as Eisenhower tours the city with de Gaulle, in an open car escorted by police on motorcycles. They proceed along the Champs Elysees, with the Arc de Triomphe in the background. Ike and de Gaulle both stand as they drive along. Closeup from moving vehicle passing close to crowd. Views from rear as the car and escorts move through the spectator-lined streets. Similar views from ahead. Scene shifts to Eisenhower finally arriving in the United States. A pointed arch supports a large American flag above a "Welcome Ike" banner. General Eisenhower steps from an airplane in Washington,DC, where Mrs. Mamie Eisenhower greets him. The two pose for the camera. Next, a motorcade of jeeps travels along Pennsylvania Avenue. The Post Office building is seen on the right and the capitol in the far background. District Commissioners present Ike keys to the City. Views of jeep motorcade proceeding along Pennsylvania Avenue. Eisenhower standing in a jeep acknowledging the crowds. As they reach the capitol, a disabled veteran gives something to Ike. Inside, Eisenhower makes his way to the podium to address a joint session of the Congress. View of Ike addressing the session, with Speaker of the House, Sam Rayburn and president pro tempore of the United States Senate, Kenneth Douglas McKellar, behind him. (The latter was serving as President of the Senate, in the temporary absence of a Vice President, after Harry Truman became President upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.)

Date: 1945, June 18
Duration: 7 min 23 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Chinese airmen board a U.S. troop carrier aircraft at Austin, Texas

United States and Chinese airmen at Bergstrom Field, Austin, Texas July 1946. The Neo-Classical building is the Texas State Capital at Austin, Texas and Austin Texas is noted on the graduate’s diploma “Bergstrom Field, Austin, Texas”. At this time the 349th Troop Carrier Group was based at Bergstrom and assigned to the Third Air Force, Tactical Air Command as noted on the diploma. Also “Air Force Combat Units of World War II” Edited by Maurer Maurer states this unit trained Chinese crews to operate C-46 aircraft. Film is very interesting in that it visually shows the transition from “Army brown to Air Force Blue” for the C-46s still carry the I TROOP CARRIER COMMAND insigne on the nose, with was disbanded on 4 Nov 1945 but they have the new AAF wide "Buzz Numbers" for all aircraft operating solely within the continental USA, by T.O. 07-1-1 of November 1945 and the graduate’s diploma is notating the new post-war air force type command reorganization of March 1946.

Date: 1946
Duration: 1 min 44 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
Early pictures of General Eisenhower showing his childhood home and his welcome ceremony when he returned home.

'The Big Picture' depicts the life of U.S. General Dwight D Eisenhower. Sergeant Stuart Queen of the U.S. Army stands in front of a map. He gives an introduction of Eisenhower. In 1945 Eisenhower returns to his homeland in Denison, Texas. A banner reads 'Welcome IKE'. People gather on the sides of the streets to welcome him. He waves from an open car at the cheering crowds. People at parade carry the U.S. flags during a ceremony. Eisenhower salutes. D Day, June 6, 1944- Barges carrying American troops land on the shore of Normandy. Eisenhower with another military officer. Eisenhower salutes. Streets of the city Abilene. Exterior of the Eisenhower Museum. Two boys enter the museum. Pictures of Eisenhower in his childhood - during infancy, house in which he was born, Eisenhower with a group of children, Eisenhower with his family, with his baseball and football team. View of Eisenhower's bedroom- scripture readings on the walls and books in the shelves. A truck passes the creamery where Eisenhower worked in his spare time. Pictures of Eisenhower leaving home to join the Military Academy at West Point. Cadets marching at the grounds of the military academy. Graduation Certificate of Eisenhower. Eisenhower with his wife Mamie Geneva Doud. Fight in Western Europe during the World War I. Picture of Eisenhower with other cadets. The certificate of the Distinguished Service Medal presented to Eisenhower for his services for training tank crews in Pennsylvania.

Date: 1955
Duration: 7 min 47 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
United Nations Conference on International Organization held in San Francisco, California.

A documentary on The United Nations Conference on International Organization that continued from April 25, 1945 to June 26, 1945 in San Francisco. A plane in flight and ships are seen in San Francisco Bay. Aerial views of Golden Gate Bridge. People on streets on San Francisco, with streetcars, buildings, pedestrians, and mid 1940's cars vseen. Aircraft parked at a USAF Base as delegates from 50 countries arrive. Delegates like Jan Christian Smuts from South Africa, Vyacheslav Molotov from Russia, U.S. secretary of State Edward Stettinius arrive in San Francisco. Delegates register for the conference. United States flag on a building. Interior of the War Memorial Opera House serving as the initial meeting hall. Delegates seated. U.S. President Harry S. Truman addressing the general assembly remotely, as delegates listen through radio speakers in the opera house. Narrator recalls words of Franklin Roosevelt and recorded audio of Roosevelt is heard where he urges continuation of the work first begun by the defunct League of Nations. View of various working committees and smaller groups of the organization meeting during the Spring of 1945. Representatives debate and review concepts initiated at the Dumbarton Oaks conference in Washington DC in 1944. Delegates addressing those assembled and signing documents that create the United Nations.

Date: 1945
Duration: 7 min 10 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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