Hard times in the Great Depression led to formation of The Bonus Army. American veterans of World War 1 march on streets of Washington DC, carrying a large poster demanding immediate cash redemption their "bonus" service certificates awarded by Congress in 1924 (but not lawfully payable until 1945). Army Chief of Staff, General Douglas MacArthur, ordered by President Hoover, to clear the Bonus Army encampments, is seen standing in a street surrounded by several U.S. Army troops. People watch from sidewalks as a contingent of U.S. Army cavalry rides down the street. U.S. Army M-1917 tanks roll down Pennsylvania Avenue in July 1932. Bonus marchers and others watch from Lafayette Park in background. Scene shifts to the 1932 Democratic Party Convention in Chicago Stadium, Chicago, where delegates cheer after nominating Franklin D. Roosevelt as their Presidential candidate. Roosevelt seen waving from the podium. Migrant farm workers seen at temporary, dilapidated dwellings in close quarters, and sitting at a campfire, some with sad and desperate faces. Migrant farm workers' cars on the road, piled high with family belongings during westward migration. Migrants riding atop an open railroad freight car. Two men share a copy of the "Epic News" newspaper (published by supporters of Upton Sinclair and the End Poverty Movement in Los Angeles and central California). Narrator describes programs of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Construction workers ignite demolition charges during construction of Boulder Dam (aka Hoover Dam and officially so-named in 1947). Glimpse of President Roosevelt at the site in an open car, for its dedication on September 30, 1935. Construction workers engaged in building the dam. Another shot of President Roosevelt in his open car. Towers being erected to carry electric power from the dam's hydroelectric generators. President Franklin D. Roosevelt smiling broadly at the formal dedication ceremony, September 30, 1935. Controlled discharges of water through the dam. Views of the Boulder Dam hydroelectric generating station. Oil well rigs or oil derricks at work during construction at night. People at work in fabric mills or textile mills, and in a print shop
Victory in Europe Day during World War II. View of street corner as people walk to and fro at intersection of Pennsylvania Avenue and 15th Street Northwest in Washington DC, United States. People walk at the street corner with an American flag at half mast in the background. American citizens in typical dress of 1945. View of the street signs at the instersection '15th St" and "Penn Av" Newspaper headlines declare end of World War II in Europe. The Washington Afro American newspaper headling, "War Ends in Europe". Front page of the the Jewish Journal and Daily News with Hebrew text.
'The Big Picture' depicts the life of U.S. General Dwight D Eisenhower. Sergeant Stuart Queen of the U.S. Army stands in front of a map. He gives an introduction of Eisenhower. In 1945 Eisenhower returns to his homeland in Denison, Texas. A banner reads 'Welcome IKE'. People gather on the sides of the streets to welcome him. He waves from an open car at the cheering crowds. People at parade carry the U.S. flags during a ceremony. Eisenhower salutes. D Day, June 6, 1944- Barges carrying American troops land on the shore of Normandy. Eisenhower with another military officer. Eisenhower salutes. Streets of the city Abilene. Exterior of the Eisenhower Museum. Two boys enter the museum. Pictures of Eisenhower in his childhood - during infancy, house in which he was born, Eisenhower with a group of children, Eisenhower with his family, with his baseball and football team. View of Eisenhower's bedroom- scripture readings on the walls and books in the shelves. A truck passes the creamery where Eisenhower worked in his spare time. Pictures of Eisenhower leaving home to join the Military Academy at West Point. Cadets marching at the grounds of the military academy. Graduation Certificate of Eisenhower. Eisenhower with his wife Mamie Geneva Doud. Fight in Western Europe during the World War I. Picture of Eisenhower with other cadets. The certificate of the Distinguished Service Medal presented to Eisenhower for his services for training tank crews in Pennsylvania.
Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.
Scenes from two World War I Liberty Bond drives. First scenes are in Washington D.C.during World War I. United States Navy sailors march down the Pennsylvania Avenue. A naval band plays and men carrying American flags march down the Avenue. The United States Capitol in the background. Landmarks seen include: Post Office Building and Willard Hotel on Pennsylvania Avenue. A street car is seen and a sign advertising Kelly Springfield Tires is clearly seen from Pennsylvania Avenue. A newsboy carrying papers. A truck with a banner on it to promote the sale of Fourth Liberty Loan. Sailors march and the naval band plays as they move past the Old Executive Office Building. John Phillip Sousa conducts a massive Navy brass band from the steps of the Capitol. Around 1:07 scene change to a Liberty Loan parade on 5th Avenue in New York City. A sign reads "Over the Top. The Fourth Liberty Loan Must be Made a Glorious Success. United Waist League of America." Sign on side of building for C.G. Gunther's Sons Fur Company (391 Fifth Avenue in Manhattan). U.S. Navy sailors among military groups parading on Fifth Avenue. A group of officials including United States Vice President Thomas Marshall and New York Governor Charles Whitman in coats and top hats are seen near the Altar of Liberty during the parade. With them is a U.S. Army chaplain in military uniform with a sign on him that reads "Lend !"
Operations of the Transcontinental Air Transport (TAT) Company. Aerial view of New York City's Manhattan Island, below. Camera focuses on Pennsylvania Station (Penn Station) seen from above, and then at street level. Travelers purchasing tickets for combined transcontinental rail and air travel at a window in the station. Families seeing travelers off at one of the railroad gates. Temporary sign at gate reads "The Airway Limited, second section." View of passengers on rear car of train as it pulls out. The car displays Pennsylvania Railroad logo sign reading "The Airway Limited, Pennsylvania Railroad." Views of Pennsylvania RR passenger train and closeup of locomotive wheels in motion. Animated relief map shows train proceeding from New York, past Columbus, Ohio, to Port Columbus station in Ohio. Transcontinental Air Transport, Inc. billroard at the station shows picture of passengers connecting between a train and an airplane. Billboard reads:"Port Columbus, Eastern Transfer Point, Air-rail Service, Coast-to-Coast." Passengers leaving the train and entering the station waiting rooms. Their baggage being weighed (Narrator says 30 pounds is the allowance.) View from terminal roof, of a Ford 5-AT-B, trimotor passenger airplane ready to accept passengers for the next phase of their travel. A logo on fuselage has "TAT" with small ribbon through it reading, "Transcontinetal Air Transport." View of passengers seated inside the aircraft. The plane taxis and takes off from the Port Columbus airport. Ground is snow-covered, but the runway is plowed. Closeup aerial view of the airplane flying over the city of Columbus, Ohio. Distant view of it flying close to the LeVeque Tower skyscraper (a 47-story Art Deco-style building at 50 West Broad Street). Aerial view of the airplane passing the train, continuing westward, from Port Columbus. Views inside passenger cabin of the plane. Animated map show plane heading to Indiannapolis. Officer hands out TAT illustrated map and points out features to passengers.Closeup of map. Aerial view of the airplane on final approach to land at Indiannapolis airport. Clerk at airport typing arrival message on teletype, and company executives reading it at their headquarters. Animated map show plane moving to St.Louis, Missouri. View from air of Missouri and Mississippi rivers. Passengers in cabin. aerial view of the plane on final approach, over snow, to St. Louis. The aircraft taxiing on ramp and parking at terminal building, where passengers enter, under cover of awning-covered walk. Closeup of the aircraft engines. Inserted view of TAT engine overhaul facility, with Charles Lindbergh, the airline's technical adviser, and TAT officials inspecting the operation.