Space research from the ground with a Scatter Radar. National Bureau of Standards laboratories in Boulder, Colorado. The Central Radio Propogation Laboratory. Cars parked outside. Hills in the background. Dr. Kenneth Bowles and a colleague work on a formula. Animation: Incoherent scatter of radio waves by electrons in the ionosphere. Transmission of powerful pulsed radio signal in a narrow beam. The beam penetrates the ionosphere and excites the free electrons. The scatter a weak signal which is detected by a sensitive antenna, and the signal comes back to Earth. Remaining portions of a sensitive antenna at the pioneering field site in Havana, Illinois. Dr. Ken Bowles and other scientists decide on a site. Animation: The magnetic equator and lines of the magnetic field. Pulsed radar signals and lines of force on the monitor. Animation: Chemical composition of the Earth's atmospheric gases. The scientists decide on Lima in Peru, due to its proximity to the magnetic equator and U.S. Lima, Peru: Buildings, guards, churches, plazas and boulevards in Lima including the Government Palace in Lima with guards in front, the Catedral de Lima (Catheral of Lima) and the Plaza Mayor de Lima . Construction work in Lima. Cars on a market street. People on the sidewalk. Shipping and port facilities in Callao, Peru. Workers unload goods. People board a Braniff International aircraft. Housing facility in the Lima suburb of Miraflores.
A pro Betancourt rally in Venezuela. Crowds gathered with signage against Fidel Castro and in support of Romulo Betancourt. Betancourt addresses the crowds from a podium on a stage, outdoors. A man sitting looking at a radio tower. Images of radio control equipment and sign wave signatures on a scope. Scenes of protest and rioting in a Latin American or South American city. Police combating demonstrators. Vehicles overturned. Citizens running through the streets. Crowds being sprayed by firehoses from moving fire trucks. Close up views of a newspaper "La Prensa" indicating Fidel Castro's support of the Communist party in Peru. Headline, "Fidel Castro Financia al partido comunista Peruano." An inside headline from the same paper reads, "La Embajada de Cuba Distribuye Propaganda Subversica en el Peru" indicating that an Ambassador from Cuba distributed anti-government, subversive propaganda en Peru. What follows are a series of images drawing parallels between Castro and other fascist historical leaders. Castro speaking forcefully, then a cut to historical excerpts from speeches by Hitler and Goebels during World War II. A scene with Hitler speaking and gesticulating wildly and forcefully, followed by a scene with Castro doing the same. A wooden sign with skull and crossbones and the words "HALT! STOJ!" on it. Prisoners in a Nazi concentration camp, thin, weary, and huddled near a barb wire perimeter fence. Nikita Khrushchev on a review stand waving his hat to Soviet Army forces marching below him carrying guns with bayonets fixed. Chinese citizen-military forces at a rally. Nikita Khrushchev shaking hands with Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China. Still image of Khrushchev and Castro embracing. An anti-communist rally in Cuba.
C-130A cargo airplanes of the United States Air Force airlift road construction equipment from Chiloya to Bella Vista village in Peru. Servicemen of Tactical Air Command CCT put antenna on forward control radio jeep in village Bella Vista, Chiloya in Peru. Native children watch them. C-130A cargo airplane lands on a dirt strip. Natives gather around the plane. Cat and support equipment of road construction unloaded from the plane.
Newsreel clip on Minnesota welcoming major league baseball to the state in April 1961. Exterior views of Metropolitan Stadium, the home of the new Minnesota Twins. Banner reads "The Minnesota Twins Welcome You." Announcer notes team is playing in Bloomington, seven miles from each of the state's two major cities, Minneapolis and St. Paul. View of 25,000 spectators, most bundled up for a chilly day, inside stadium for the home opener against the Washington Senators. Those on hand include baseball commissioner Ford Frick, American League president Joe Cronin, and Minnesota Governor Elmer Andersen. Announcer notes the previous Washington team moved to Minnesota and was replaced with a new Senators team in Washington. Dignitaries walk on field trailed by Minnesota manager Cookie Lavagetto and Washington manager Mickey Vernon. Dignitaries raise the American flag. Governor Andersen kisses a baseball and throws out the ceremonial first pitch. Announcer notes Twins lost this game, but says "Who cares?" because Minnesota is in the big leagues.
During Berlin Crisis in 1961. Scene of a street in East Berlin, Germany. A man stands on the West side of Berlin, clicks photo of East Berlin. A policeman disturbs and blocks him with a mirror. People of East Berlin go with their few possessions escaping to West Berlin. Military trucks parked on East Berlin side. People wave handkerchiefs. A young man loads his luggage in a truck. People on the East Berlin side with their possessions. An east German policeman reflects with a mirror to prevent cameras from recording the escape attempts. People on the West Berlin side watch a water hose sprayed at them to deter onlookers. A man sits on a truck and clicks photos as water is sprayed on him and the truck is forced to move on. Smoke or tear gas bomb comes from East Berlin side and men throw them back. Smoke seen everywhere. The escape of Frieda Schulz is seen from her apartment building at the border, on Bernauer Strasse. She is seen hanging from a window, still held on her arm from above by an east German official, until the receiving west German crowd from below pulls on her leg hard enough to free her, and she falls into a waiting net. Another woman is seen preparing to leap from a fifth floor window. She leaps (not seen) and is caught by firemen with a waiting net. Next, her husband is seen pushing some baggage through the window with valuables, and then he is seen leaping from the window into a waiting net held by firemen on the West Berlin side. Work goes on for building the Berlin Wall. Giant bulldozer drops dirt on ground as it razes home along the border of the Berlin Wall, and as a wide ditch is built to prevent escape by vehicle. People cut hole in barbed wire and are seen escaping to the West German side. Policemen and others help them as they get through. East Berlin police arrive and stop more people from escaping. A man and two young women are seen after they successfully escape through the barbed wire to West Berlin side.