Space research from the ground with a Scatter Radar. National Bureau of Standards laboratories in Boulder, Colorado. The Central Radio Propogation Laboratory. Cars parked outside. Hills in the background. Dr. Kenneth Bowles and a colleague work on a formula. Animation: Incoherent scatter of radio waves by electrons in the ionosphere. Transmission of powerful pulsed radio signal in a narrow beam. The beam penetrates the ionosphere and excites the free electrons. The scatter a weak signal which is detected by a sensitive antenna, and the signal comes back to Earth. Remaining portions of a sensitive antenna at the pioneering field site in Havana, Illinois. Dr. Ken Bowles and other scientists decide on a site. Animation: The magnetic equator and lines of the magnetic field. Pulsed radar signals and lines of force on the monitor. Animation: Chemical composition of the Earth's atmospheric gases. The scientists decide on Lima in Peru, due to its proximity to the magnetic equator and U.S. Lima, Peru: Buildings, guards, churches, plazas and boulevards in Lima including the Government Palace in Lima with guards in front, the Catedral de Lima (Catheral of Lima) and the Plaza Mayor de Lima . Construction work in Lima. Cars on a market street. People on the sidewalk. Shipping and port facilities in Callao, Peru. Workers unload goods. People board a Braniff International aircraft. Housing facility in the Lima suburb of Miraflores.
A pro Betancourt rally in Venezuela. Crowds gathered with signage against Fidel Castro and in support of Romulo Betancourt. Betancourt addresses the crowds from a podium on a stage, outdoors. A man sitting looking at a radio tower. Images of radio control equipment and sign wave signatures on a scope. Scenes of protest and rioting in a Latin American or South American city. Police combating demonstrators. Vehicles overturned. Citizens running through the streets. Crowds being sprayed by firehoses from moving fire trucks. Close up views of a newspaper "La Prensa" indicating Fidel Castro's support of the Communist party in Peru. Headline, "Fidel Castro Financia al partido comunista Peruano." An inside headline from the same paper reads, "La Embajada de Cuba Distribuye Propaganda Subversica en el Peru" indicating that an Ambassador from Cuba distributed anti-government, subversive propaganda en Peru. What follows are a series of images drawing parallels between Castro and other fascist historical leaders. Castro speaking forcefully, then a cut to historical excerpts from speeches by Hitler and Goebels during World War II. A scene with Hitler speaking and gesticulating wildly and forcefully, followed by a scene with Castro doing the same. A wooden sign with skull and crossbones and the words "HALT! STOJ!" on it. Prisoners in a Nazi concentration camp, thin, weary, and huddled near a barb wire perimeter fence. Nikita Khrushchev on a review stand waving his hat to Soviet Army forces marching below him carrying guns with bayonets fixed. Chinese citizen-military forces at a rally. Nikita Khrushchev shaking hands with Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China. Still image of Khrushchev and Castro embracing. An anti-communist rally in Cuba.
Space research from the ground with a Scatter Radar. Completed construction at the Jicamarca Observatory near Lima, Peru. Hills in the background. Engineers and technicians inside the Observatory. Local Peruvians with technical skills are trained in class. A technician inspects the Observatory transformers. Men make final wiring check in the Condenser Bank. Two men work on an amplifier in the Amplifier Room. Technicians work at pumps and heat exchangers for the water purification and cooling system. Men work with blowers that circulate cool air throughout passage ways in tunnels. Cables and piping in the tunnels. Scientists direct transmitter energy into the antenna. They monitor every function of the operation. Coaxial aluminum piping conducts transmitted and received radio signals through a spark gap and mixer. A man operates the system outside. Energy for the radio signals flows through coaxial piping in trenches. Dipoles in a modular section of the antenna to probe the upper atmosphere in order to measure electron densities. Open wire lines connect two rows of elements. Dr. Kenneth Bowles conducts scientific observation in the Screen Room. He measures the electron density with a transmitter, holds a record of the trace of electron densities. Electron density observations on a monitor. Antenna at the Observatory, hills in the background. A globe rotates.
Space research from the ground with a Scatter Radar. Scientists outside the Instituto Geofisico Del Peru, scientific research organization of the Peruvian government. A train on its way to the Institute's observatory. It travels through the Rimac Valley in the Andes, including Ticlio at nearly 16,000 feet. Llama graze and move about high up in the mountains. Huancayo (Wankayu) Village: Local Quechuan Indians trade in the weekly market. Shops in the street, street vendors with their goods. The Jicamarca Observatory, new National Bureau of Standards facility near Lima. Scientists work at scopes and other instruments. Aerial view of the Peruvian coastline. The valley 17 miles from Lima. Rocks on the arid coast. Green vegetable fields and broad flat plane in the arid valley. The site for the antenna. Bulldozers prepare the site for construction. A diversion dam constructed on the site. Gully in the valley floor. Peruvian workers lay wire to sound an alarm in case a mudflow should come. Men mark ground and align places for post holes, lay wood posts to support the antenna dipole. They assemble inserts, connect the antenna, and lay bricks. The workers collect their pay. Bureau of National Standards staff and their families in Chaclacayo community. The families gather with locals for a Anticuchos barbecue (Peruvian beef kabobs). The wives of the U.S. scientists shop for fruits and vegetables in the local market.
The 'Miss America -1963' beauty contest in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Participants of the 'Miss America -1963' beauty contest pose and walk on the ramp. An audience watch the beauty contest. A panel of judges give remarks. Miss Ohio Lass, Jacquelyn Mayer receives the title of 'Miss America -1963'. Jacquelyn Mayer is crowned. Photographers take photos. On the next day, Jacquelyn Mayer smiles and waves.
A film about missile launches in the United States. The American flag at half mast. Troops assembled on a ramp and Brigadier General Harry J. Sands Jr. Vice Commander of the Air Force Missile Test Center (AFMTC) speaks at the memorial services for the late U.S. President John F. Kennedy on 25th November, 1963. The night launch of an Interplanetary Monitoring Platform (IMP) satellite, test no. 6900, using a Delta launch vehicle on 27th November, 1963. The launch of a Centaur II, test no. 5175 on 27th November, 1963. A map of Cape with new name Cape Kennedy.