Tsar Nicholas II is seen with Grand Duke, Nicholas Nikolaevich (the tall officer in his retinue) during a military review at beginning of World War 1. Along with senior Russian officers, they review troops in formation at a parade ground near St. Petersburg (Petrograd) Russia. After reviewing the formation, they walk past a low platform in the center of the field, where Russian Orthodox Metropolitan vladimir (Bogoyavlensky) of Petrograd (St. Petersburg) stands with several priests. With their hats removed, The Tsar and his party review a military unit in formation, whose members also have their their hats removed. The Tsar and party approach the Bishop and stop to cross themselves. The Bishop responds with a slight bow to the Tsar. Scene changes to members of the French military mission to Russia standing at the edge of the parade grounds. Next, the Tsar and his retinue walk to take up a position from which to review Russian troops on parade. Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, in uniform, walks with his father. As troops pass in review, young Alexei is seen at left of the screen standing at attention. Scene shifts to another part of the grounds, where camera pans across the Tsar and party to military representatives from other nations.
Alexander Kerensky, War Minister of the Russian Provisional Government and Russian Army Commander-in-Chief, General Lavr Georgiyevich Kornilov, enter a building in Petrograd .They are accompanied by many staff officers. Dramatization of ending hostilities between Russia and Germany. A Russian and a German soldier shake hands and are joined by soldiers from both sides. German and Russian soldiers celebrate. Russian troops returning from the front. A Russian soldier adjusts his socks and boots. Russian troops hike and move cargo in horse-drawn wagons. Russian troop train with soldiers on roof. Caption refers to Lenin being in Petrograd on October 7, 1917. Places, in Petrograd, inhabited by Vladimir Llyich Lenin, and Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin. Newpapers and letters pertaining to the period.
Scenes of unrest in Russia during World War 1. Crowds of Russians, disappointed with the war, their government and the general state of affairs, demonstrate in Petrograd, during the so-called February Revolution. Some carry banners reading "Freedom and Equality, and similar slogans. (This event triggered the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II and formation of a Provisional Government.) In another sequence, a huge mass of Russians, mostly women, move through a street in Petrograd on International Women's Day, May 8th, during a period of labor strife and unrest. In final sequence, Russians are seen packed together on a warm day, possibly listening to a speaker. (These may be brief scenes from the July Days uprising, in Petrograd, When a peaceful demonstration by half a million people, was put down by armed troops resulting in some 700 deaths.) (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
Slate refers to March 17, 1917,when Russian Tsar Nicholas II abdicated, and a Provisional Government was formed in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) during World War 1. It is followed by what appears to be a staged film enactment of a mob storming a palace. Soldiers and citizens, carrying sticks and clubs, rush up a stairway inside, while others are seen charging an entrance and beating on palace gates. A statue of the Russian Imperial Seal is seen with one eagle head broken. Next, poor quality documentary scenes show a prison courtyard littered with debris. Bars on the doors and windows are bent and broken. Several persons are seen moving about in the debris. Later a group of people are seen at work cleaning up debris, placing it into a horse-drawn wagon. Slate compares this event to the fall of the Bastille during the French revolution. Russian soldiers loyal to the Bolsheviks and the soviet cheer in streets of Petrograd. Armored cars and an artillery field piece are manned by the revolutionary Russian soldiers. A street is filled with Russian soldiers and some civilians. (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
Steamers on the frozen River Neva deliver food supplies sent by foreign relief organization to Petrograd, Russia during period of Russian Revolution and World War I. Soviet Russian children stand next to ship 'Marcus' from Newark, New Jersey, USA. Men unload food supplies. American relief administrator Colonel Haskall looks at a map. Food sacks being transported along snowy streets by horse drawn sled and sleigh. Civilians walk in snow covered streets, bundled in warm winter clothing. People gathered together in the cold eat hot food in the streets of Russia.
Momentary image of Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin, Russian mystic and advisor to the Russian Imperial family. German troops fighting in no man's land on Western Front in World War 1. Ill prepared and equipped Russian troops clean themselves and clothing of fleas and lice, that cause heavy casualties from typhus. Explosions on front lines. Starving Russian civilians at aid camp. Demonstrations for increased bread rations, in St. Petersburg, Russia, March, 1917, getting out of hand. Tsarist troops sent in to quell the disturbance, instead, join in the revolutionary protests. Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky, member of the Provisional Committee of the State Duma, vice-chairman of the Petrograd Soviet,and first Minister of Justice in the Provisional Government, is seen tipping his hat, and later giving a speech. Czar (Tsar) Nicholas II, seen sitting on a tree stump, with soldiers behind him. Russians crowding a square, breaking down prison bars, and releasing prisoners. Dissidents haranguing Russian crowds. Kerensky speaking to crowd. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin returning by train from exile in Switzerland. Leon Trotsky arriving by train from Canada. Kerensky on a balcony as, head of the provisional government, in Summer, 1917, proclaiming Russia a Republic. Young women marching in parade. Lenin making remarks. Field filled with farm workers (worker army union, AKA Soviet) tilling soil with hand tools. Lenin, bareheaded (holding his cap behind his back) making a speech. An unidentified cathedral seen in background. Bolsheviks stir up unrest. Winged Victory column topples. Bolshevik mobs take over government buildings