The history of the United States. 1783: Soldiers of the new republic after their victory in the American Revolutionary War. Soldiers on horseback meet new citizens. They watch as men carrying baggage walk away. A banner on a road separating two states reads 'New Hampshire Boundary'. A merchandiser demands money from two men to cross the border. Pictures of the land which farmers gave up because they could not pay back. Bankers inside a building. People on the streets. Delegates at the Philadelphia Convention in Pennsylvania. Pictures of people demanding new central government. Benjamin Franklin, one of the Founding Fathers of the US, walks supported by two men to the convention building. Several people stand around and watch. General George Washington, the elected President of the convention. He delivers a speech. He states the need for unity, a sound financial system, war debts to be paid, trade to be encouraged, national government to protect rights and perform functions. The delegates speak at the convention. The convention in progress. President George Washington with Benjamin Franklin and a few men at a final private conference during which they decide the government should have clearly defined substantial powers. The Preamble to the United States Constitution created on 17 September 1787, read out at the convention. Benjamin Franklin gets up with the help of two men. George Washington signs the constitution. Benjamin Franklin with George Washington. The carving on George Washington's chair. George Washington, the first President of the United States. People greeting the President. Alexander Hamilton, the Secretary of the Treasury, organizes a bank to receive taxes and import duties that pays off national debts.
Activities aboard ships docked at Philadelphia Naval Base in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Rear Admiral Schuirmann comes aboard the USS Philadelphia (CL-41) light cruiser prior to ceremony. American flag is lowered from the fore top of the USS Philadelphia. Naval officers await the ceremony to start. Brazilian flag is raised to fore top of the USS Philadelphia light cruiser. Brazilian and American Naval personnel salute. USS Philadelphia tied alongside pier. USS ST Louis (CL-49) light cruiser tied along the pier. American sailor in the foreground. Sailor salutes and Brazilian being flag raised to fore top of USS St. Louis.
Cierva C30 Autogiro (G-ACIO) built by British A.V. Roe & Co. is seen parked at Air Park, London, England. Several views of the autogiro. Scene shifts to aerial view of the new Federal Post Office building in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. A Kellett autogiro lands on the building roof, on May 25, 1935,as part of dedication ceremonies,for the new Post Office building. Officials stand on the rooftop watching the landing. The pilot delivers a mail pouch to James A. Farley, the U.S. Postmaster General, thus initiating airmail service between Camden New Jersey and Philadelphia. Aerial views of the Post Office building and surrounding downtown Philadelphia. The autogiro climbing steeply away.
Strike of workers in a wage dispute spreads to Philadelphia's transportation system. People on streets going to work. Philadelphia. Streetcars, subways and buses lie idle. 'Station Closed' sign at Philadelphia subway entrance. Huge crowd of people walking to get to work, waiting at railway station and on streets for transportation. View of empty 46th street metro rail station in Philadelphia. View of taxis on streets and a press company without workers. Buildings and shops along streets of downtown Philadelphia. A line of African American men and women hitchhiking in downtown Philadelphia to get a ride. Group of 5 people runs to catch an available Philadelphia taxi cab. Scene changes to New York City where striking newspaper workers form a picket line. Empty newspaper offices are shown. Longshoreman dock workers on strike so office workers are seen hoisting a giant rope and assisting the Cunard ocean liner Queen Mary in docking operations at New York harbor slip covered in thin ice. Cunard Queen Mary passengers carrying their own luggage at the dock area due to the labor strike.
Nellie Tayloe Ross, the 28th Director of the Mint, and Employees at the United States Mint, Department of Treasury oversee the first shipment of government gold from the U.S. Mint in Philadelphia to the U.S. Bullion Depository at Fort Knox, Kentucky. Clip shows casting and weighing of government gold, at the U.S. Mint facility in Philadelphia Pennsylvania. Nellie Tayloe Ross seen speaking and seated at a desk with other officials nearby. Mint officials check the quality and dimensions of a cast gold bar to be transported to Fort Knox in Kentucky. Gold molded into bars by ram machines. Nellie Tayloe Ross signs papers. Molding machines and employees at work. Molten gold in a kiln. Man casts it into gold bars. Officials and armed guards keep an eye on the process. Gold bars are placed on one side of a large scale and weighed. Exterior view of the U.S. Mint department building in Philadelphia. View is of the third U.S. Mint building in Philadelphia, North facade, facing Spring Garden Street (building later owned by the Community College of Philadelphia, as of 1973). Late 1930's automobiles seen passing by the U.S. Mint on Spring Garden Street.
Landmarks in Philadelphia. Passenger train arrives at Broad Street Station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Exteriors of the station shows pedestrians and automobiles on road. Traffic moves on road. Belleview Stratford and the Pennsylvania Column. The Column shows Equestrian Statue, Revolutionary War hero. Philadelphia fire shows explosion throwing billows of smoke.