U.S. Army Major Achille C. Tisdell testifies before a military tribunal in Manila, Philippines during the trail of Japanese Army General Masaharu Homma for World War II crimes. Major Tisdell takes an oath on the 16th day of the Homma trial. He says that he was aide-de-camp to Major General E.P. King, Commanding General of the American forces in Luzon in April, 1942. Major Tisdell recalls that Japanese forces had pushed back the American forces in Bataan to a point that it was difficult for the Americans to reorganize. He also talks about the lack of ration for the American forces. Major Tisdell says that U.S. reserves were released for the forces. He says that on 9th April, 1942 General King was unable to make contact with Japanese commander and Colonel Edward C. Williams volunteered to make contact with the Japanese.
The film 'Sea power in the Pacific' showing Japanese dominance in China and at start of World War 2. Then it chronicles U.S. efforts to build Navy and fight back on sea and in the air. Opening scene shows Japanese Mitsubishi G3M (Type 96) bombers high overhead, and then closeup in formation. View from bomber of bomb bays open with bombs falling and view from ground of explosions and destruction. Overlay on film says: "China---1931." (This is not correct. The G3M bomber was not yet in service.) This film depicts Japanese attacks during second Sino-Japanese War, commencing 1937, Chinese civilians running to escape Jap;anese bombing of Singapore. Buildings destroyed and on fire. Next, Japanese troops, carrying the Rising Sun flag, are seen establishing a beachhead in an Amphibious assault. More scenes of Japanese infantry advancing through Singapore, ad it is being destroyed and burned. Soldiers charging along an alleyway, with pagoda in background. Next, Japanese soldiers are seen attacking Nanking, and committing atrocities during the so-called "Rape of Nanking," in December, 1937. Chinese civilians being summarily shot and dumped into a large open grave. Two Chinese prisoners with hands bound, being executed by rifle fire. Jubilant Japanese troops celebrating their victory. Map shows areas of China occupied during second Sino-Japanese war and the East Indies to the South. View of oil tanks; an open pit tin mine; a native cutting rubber tree bark to collect latex. Flags on map show regions of English, French, and Dutch colonial interest. It also shows Islands to the East, fortified by the Japanese. Cartoon shows Japanese soldier opposed by and American sailor (representing U.S. Sea Power). Next, famous images of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, December 7, 1941, are shown, including the USS Arizona burning and sinking. Hawaii, Midway, Wake, and the Philippines Islands, are highlighted on a map and Japanese control of the Pacific is illustrated. Japanese soldiers are seen displaying a captured American flag. U.S. Lieutenant General Jonathan M. Wainwright is seen surrendering the garrison at Corregidor, on May 6, 1942. View of Japanese General Masahara Homma discussing surrender terms with Wainright. Map shows interlocking web of Japanese fortified bases in Pacific and need for seapower to oppose it. View of American shipyard with hundreds of workers, employed to build ships for the war effort, in World War 2. Views welding, metal fabrication, and other shipbuilding activity. A new ship going down the ways and a woman christening a new ship with splash from bottle of champagne. A new "Liberty Ship," the Richard Bassett, going down the ways at Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard Inc. Baltimore, Maryland. Closeup view as the stern of another ship enters the water upon launching. View of it from a distance. Shipyard workers knock supports from under what may be a landing craft, as it is launched. Japanese warships underway in the Pacific and firing their naval guns. Explosions on a shoreline from naval bombardment. Japanese infantry wading ashore during an amphibious assault. Map shows where Japanese forces attempt an amphibious assault on Southern New Guinea, thwarted by the U.S. Navy in the battle of the Coral Sea of May, 1942. In June, 1942, a Japanese attempt against Midway Island, was again checked by the U.S. Navy in the Battle of Midway. View of USS Wasp (CV-7) carrier deck filled with airplanes, including Grumman F4F Wildcats. A Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bomber being cleared for takeoff from the Wasp. Gun camera film showing Japanese airplanes being shot down by pursuing U.S. aircraft.
U.S. Army Major Achille C. Tisdell testifies before a military tribunal in Manila, Philippines during the trial of Japanese Army General Masaharu Homma for World War II crimes. Major Tisdell, aide-de-camp to Commanding General of the American forces in Luzon Major General Edward King, says that Colonel William and Major Marshall went in a jeep to contact the Japanese forces. They met the forces at a bridge. Japanese infantry elements led them to head quarters. Tisdell says that a Japanese Major General kept Colonel Williams as a hostage allowing Major Marshal to return to the American headquarters. After his return on April 9, 1942 General Edward King assembled some officers.
Scenes of Japanese military activities in China, circa 1938 through 1942. Animated map shows thrusts of Japanese military forces at Guangzhou (Canton); Changsha to the North and points West circa 1938. A captured airfield with destroyed and damaged aircraft. A destroyed P-40 with Thunderbird image on its wing. A damaged P-40 parked in the grass displaying painted teeth motif of the Flying Tigers (American Volunteer Group of the Chinese Air Force). A scrap heap of airplane parts, at least one displaying the American star in circle insignia. A tattered map on Bulletin Board showing a logo on part of China. A village near the airfield. Japanese troops board a camouflaged barge to cross a river. A Japanese Ki-27 (Nate) airplane in flight overhead. Column of Japanese troops wending their way along a hillside. Smoke rising from explosions in a port town, with water and hill in background. Bombed out buildings in a town. Japanese infantry and an officer on horseback enter virtually deserted Chinese town. Camouflaged Japanese army vehicles and artillery travel on dusty road. A Ki-27 airplane flies low overhead. Japanese artillerymen set up 120mm gun and rangefinder. Battery of Japanese 120mm guns firing. Wreckage of an American B-25 aircraft. Wreckage of more Allied warplanes. Map showing Formosa; Wenzhou, opposite, on Chinese mainland; and Philippine Islands. Arrows depict Japanese military movements from the Ryukyu Islands.
Families at harbor waiting for the troop transport ships. United States soldiers and liberated prisoners of war on ship. San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge and harbor in background with Coit Tower atop Telegraph Hill. Troop ships arrive and crowd cheers. Japanese soldiers bonzai cheer and Japanese forces bomb and take control of Corregidor. Japanese planes bombing. Ambulance carries wounded. United States soldier loses his arm during a Japanese aerial attack on Corregidor. General Wainwright surrendering in Corregidor in May 1942. United States flag lowered by Japanese and Japanese flag is hoisted. Wreckage of bombed U.S. facilites. Japanese propaganda film showing care for wounded American soldiers on hospital beds. Prisoners eat food. Wounded American soldiers walk with crutches on the grounds of the prison camp. Bataan Death March of the emaciated prisoners. American military prisoners at Cabanatuan labor and sleep on open air bunks. Scene of U.S. Army training early in World War 2 with troops in a field setting a machine gun emplacement to fire at rolling trucks relabeled as "Tank". Japanese propaganda newsreels showing Japanese military success in Philippines and Japanese forces in the Aleutian Islands. Aerial view formation of U.S. Army Air Force B-25 bombers in the sky. Aerial side view of American bomber aircraft and bombs away view. Navy bombing from ships. General MacArthur returns to Philippines and wades ashore. Philippine guerrillas and U.S. troops in battle to retake Philippines. U.S. prisoners of war liberated and freed and at 92nd Evacuation Hospital Cebu. Released prisoners on ships to America. WAC women hand out mail. Soldiers write telegram wires announcing arrival. Ship docks in San Francisco. Prisoners reunite with happy families and crowds on streets cheer their arrival. Soldiers and civilians walk on Market Street in San Francisco. Welcome home parade for San Francisco soldiers during WWII. Soldiers waving from buses in parade. Soldier in front of Marina Junior High School, 3500 Fillmore Street. One armed, disabled soldier with parents views photo album.
A film about events leading up to the independence of the Philippines, and about U.S. presence and assistance to the Philippines before the Japanese occupation. Philippine students perform calisthenics. Children being taught in a primary school. Teachers assist and instruct students. Students conduct experiments in a laboratory at a university. Protecting U.S. Naval ships at a port, including the U.S. Destroyer USS Barker (DD-213). Line of U.S. Martin B-10 light bomber aircraft of the 4th Composite Group parked on an airfield, and then head-on image as a Martin B-10 bomber takes off toward and then up over the camera. The flag of the United States. Filipino soldiers march. U.S. Army General Douglas Macarthur at a desk in the Phillipines accompanied by Dwight Eisenhower. A sign reads 'Camp Dau'. Newspaper headlines about the American surrender in Corregidor in May 1942 during World War II. Japanese soldiers take down the U.S. flag after their victory in Corregidor. Japanese occupying forces parade in the Phillipines.