Aerial views from airplane flying very low over portions of Luzon, Philippines, after liberation by the U.S. in World War II. Smoke from farmers burning parts of their fields. View of Clark Field and environs. Barracks and other installations, including a hospital with red cross on the roof. Aerial view of the Holy Rosary Church in Angeles City, Pampangga, Philippines whose roof was damaged by an American Mitchell B-25 bomber on January 7, 1945. The bomber, dubbed the "SAG Harbor Express" of the 499th Bomb Squadron, had been hit by Japanese anti-aircraft artillery. 2nd Lt. Arthur Browngardt was manning the bomber, and perished with all crew as the plane crashed near Holy Angel Academy. Destroyed and damaged Japanese warplanes on Clark Field. Two Americans (one with a rifle) and a local mechanic examining an undamaged Japanese Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" bomber (tail number: 763-12). They open the fuselage door and go inside.
American troops in their drive toward Manila, in 1945, during World War 2, pass several knocked out and burning Japanese Type 89 Chi-Ro tanks. A dead Japanese soldier, shot dead while trying to commit suicide, lies on the ground with an undetonated hand grenade in his mouth. U.S. M4A2 sherman III tanks and infantry of the XIV Corps moving on the Lingayen Plains Philippines, leading to the capital, Manila. U.S. armor towing artillery ford a stream, as they pass beneath framework of an apparently unusable bridge. A battery of U.S. M101 105mm Howitzer artillery pieces is set up and bombards the Clark Field area. One striking shell produces an explosion, fire and column of black smoke. U.S. troops ride forward atop tanks. Glimpse of one soldier with flamethrower tanks on his back. American tanks firing their guns. Destroyed Japanese aircraft on the ground. A soldier using a mine detector to sweep the area. He signals to another soldier who comes to probe the area with a long knife. Next a soldier is seen standing in a hole dug around a bomb Placed nose up under the ground by the Japanese. Soldiers pull it from the hole, using a rope. U.S. soldiers walk in area full of similar holes and bombs pulled from them. General Douglas MacArthur is seen, on January 26, 1945, walking among remains of Japanese aircraft at Clark Field. He visits the Filipino cemetery at Camp O'Donnell, which was a prisoner of war camp, considered the terminating point of the Bataan Death March, where some 20 thousand Filipinos and almost 2 thousand Americans died during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. MacArthur is seen standing by a large Christian Cross monument, and walks among untended graves marked with small wooden crosses. The Mount Pinatubo volcano is seen on the horizon in the background. MacArthur and those accompanying him walk around a large monument containing a placard written in tagolog. U.S. soldiers start a mortar barrage against Japanese forces dug in on "Hill 70." Infantrymen move through trees and brush to flush out the entrenched enemy. Glimpse of type of improvised device made of explosives and gasoline, that U.S. soldiers are using to drive Japanese troops out of their fortifications. As a soldier watches with binoculars, the camera records several of these devices exploding with great force. Glimpse of a dead Japanese soldier on the ground. U.S. troops ride atop an M18 Gun motor carriage of the 637th Tank Destroyer Battalion, as it crosses a river. American tanks and infantry moving cautiously across a bridge as shells explode ahead of them. Tanks firing at Japanese troops entrenched in hillside above a road. Large numbers of American infantry marching along a road accompanied by tanks. Areas around them burning from fires set by retreating Japanese forces.
Film scenes span from early 1940s through mid 1960s. Film opens showing armed conflict in Laos and South America. Soldiers firing rifles in jungle areas. Armed men running across a field and in a town in Cyprus. Heavy armor engaged in conflict and buildings burning in undisclosed location. Riots in Congo with a crowd of men beating another man. Armed Republic of South Vietnam soldiers (ARVN) moving through jungle in Vietnam. A Viet Cong shot as ARVN troops attack a hut. People fleeing in streets of Cuba as government soldiers engage armed revolutionaries under Castro. A civilian woman suffering a seizure as Red Cross workers attempt to carry her. Burned body of dead tank crew soldier atop a tank. Medical corps persons moving wounded on a stretcher. Various views of ARVN with captured Viet Cong in Vietnam. Narrator discussion about Geneva Conventions and Counterinsurgency. View of the Palace of Nations building in Geneva Switzerland. Scene shifts to inside, in 1949, where delegates of 59 nations are gathered to develop rules to protect prisoners of war, wounded prisoners, noncombatants and others caught up such internal conflicts. View from ground of German paratroopers during World War 2, jumping from Junkers Ju-52 trimotor transport planes. Closeup of German soldiers leaping from a plane and descending in parachutes. Japanese soldiers surrendering to Americans on a Pacific Island in World War 2. Several scenes of massacre victims lying on the ground, victims of Nazi German brutality in Europe during World War II. Survivors of a Nazi concentration camp near the time of its liberation in 1945. A U.S. Army medical corpsmen help one to a stretcher. Executed prisoners of war. Courtroom of the Nuremberg trials. Seen in the front row of Nazi leaders are: Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, and Julius Streicher. Seated behind them are: Karl Dönitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl, Franz von Papen, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Albert Speer, and Konstantin von Neurath. Scene shifts to the postwar trial of Japanese Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma, in the Philippines. Prisoners with hands bound, in an unidentified Asian conflict, being herded into an open truck. Views of the document constituting the 3rd Geneva Convention of 1949, addressing treatment of prisoners and of parts directed to "conflicts not of an international character." Views of a traumatized civilian driver wounded and a female passenger killed in in his car (appears to be in Cuba or Latin America). Armed gunmen have the man leave the car. A man lays the body of the woman beside the car. Scene shifts to a group of surrendered Vietcong fighters with their weapons stacked. Wounded combatants being carried on stretchers. American survivors of a Japanese prison camp receiving a good meal after being rescued - this is possibly in the Philippines in 1945. Many of the American prisoners are gaunt and emaciated and malnourished. Narrator recites list of activities prohibited by Geneva conventions, as images show these activities: A ditch filled with victims of massacre. Hostages being taken in an internal conflict in an African country. Prisoners being beaten by non-uniformed civilians in and humiliated in public. A recently liberated prison with a former prisoner in striped uniform beating a man as a group is marched away (likely a World War 2 concentration camp with a liberated prisoner beating a former Nazi guard). Death sentences being rendered without due process. A court in Cuba. A boy pointing at a lineup of prisoners. A prisoner shot.
First part deals with Allied war crimes trials of Japanese defendants in Yokohama. Second part is Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita on trial for war crimes in Manila, Philippines. . Few Military soldiers talk to each other at a camp. Few views of Japanese Generals under trials for war crimes. General Yamashita brought for the trial. General Yamashita enters a court in Manila for the trial. A interior view of the trial court. General R Reynolds presides the trial session. General Yamashita sits on a chair at his trial. A member of the trial court reads a document. Lawyers give their points during the session. General Yamashita is taken out after the trial session in court.
Enrile Elementary School in Cagayan Province, Philippines, being used as a headquarters for Filipino Luzon Guerilla Forces (LGAF). A sign on blackboard read: "Silence, Guardhouse." A guard at the entrance gate. A Filipino guerilla, with a package in hand, walks in through the gate and reports to an LGAF officer at a desk on the porch . He points out intelligence information on a map spread on the desk. The officer seated at the desk places the intelligence information in an envelope and gives it to another LGAF guerrilla, who leaves on horseback to deliver the information to friendly forces. A field in view. A wooded region. Smoke rises from areas in the wooded region. A water buffalo in the field.
Allied campaigns against Japan during World War II. Animated map depicts battles for various islands in the Pacific like Guadalcanal, Palau, Mariana Islands. A map of the Philippines. United States troops invade the Philippines. Naval guns fire at a shore and flak bursts are seen. Dramatic shot of a Japanese Zero aircraft approaching U.S. Navy ships that are firing guns. The Japanese aircraft is hit at close range to the ship, a wing ruptures, it is consumed in fire and crashes with explosion in the sea beside the ship. Many landing craft with U.S. Army forces landing at beach on Leyte. Soldiers land and advance inland. United States Army General Douglas MacArthur and President Sergio Osmena of the Philippines wade ashore. Native women and children on the island are assisted by U.S. forces and provided with food and protection. Following are meetings of wartime Allied leaders, shown briefly in the ending of the film:
TC: 01: 39, Prime Minister Winston Churchill meeting President Franklin D. Roosevelt on the battleship, USS Augusta, at Newfoundland, during the Atlantic Conference, 1941. Roosevelt stands at the railing, assisted by his son, Army Captain Elliot Roosevelt. TC: 01:41. Roosevelt and Churchill meeting with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, at the Cairo conference, in 1943. TC: 01:44. Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill pose outside the Livadia Palace during the Yalta conference, 1945. Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov, American Ambassador Harriman, British Foreign Minister, Anthony Eden, and Churchill's daughter, Sarah, in uniform, are among those standing behind the seated Big Three. TC: 01:46, Delegates from 51 Nations gathered for the first meeting of the UN General Assembly,in Westminster Central Hall,London, England, in 1946.