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Poland 1945 stock footage and images

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German forces defending against Soviets on the Vistula line in World War II Winter of 1945. Kriegsmarine operations in the Baltic

Opening scene shows map with principal cities of Danzig, Königsberg, Warsaw, Breslau and the Vistula River and Baltic Sea (Ostsee) among other places shown. Gernan forces forming a defense against Soviets on the Vistula line in the Winter of 1945, during World War 2. German troops are seen in white winter gear manning positions in deep snow. They are seen in midst of high winds and snowstorm. Only a couple of motorcycles move through the storm. Closeups of some of the German soldiers. Scene shifts to a Baltic seaport, where German troops and war materiel are being loaded for transport to the front. Views of German supply convoy underway through ice floes in the Baltic. Glimpse of German sailors on deck in cold weather gear. View from snow covered deck of an accompanying warship of the convoy steaming ahead. At TC:01:09, the German Cruiser Prinz Eugen is seen underway in the Baltic. She carries a an observation aircraft amidship. Next, German warships are seen firing multiple salvos from their naval guns.

Date: 1945
Duration: 1 min 32 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Liberated United States airmen prisoners at Stalag 7A in Moosburg, Germany

Liberated United States prisoners (mostly military airmen) at POW camp called Kriegsgefangenen-Mannschafts-Stammlager (Stalag) VII A, located just North of Moosburg, Germany. The airmen cook food. Several are seen sunning themselves. Airmen seen shaving, shining shoes and cleaning clothes. A group of airmen around sign 'I Wanted Wings' and 'Luft 3'. These are some of the prisoners who were originally held at Stalag Luft III, in German Province of Lower Silesia, near the town of Sagan (now in Poland). (Note: Stalag Luft III is famous because the "Great Escape" took place there in March, 1944. Prisoners were forced to march from Sagan to Spremburg during the coldest winter in Germany in 50 years. There, they boarded a train of boxcars for a 3 day trip to Moosburg in January 1945, because the Russians were closing in. The addition of these prisoners to Stalag 7A, at Moosburg, led to serious overcrowding of the camp. On May 1, 1945, the New York Times reported that "The Fourteenth Armored Division liberated 110,000 Allied prisoners of war at Stalag 7A at Moosburg." This corrected an earlier report that 27,000 prisoners had been liberated.)

Date: 1945, April 29
Duration: 2 min 39 sec
Sound: No
Color: Color
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
Germany prepares to defend Fortress City of Breslau in Lower Silesia, Germany (now Poland) against Soviets in World War II

The city of Breslau being fortified and prepared to defend against surrounding soviet forces in January, 1945, World War 2. Armed sentries patrolling the city streets. Snow on ground in some places. Poster announces the situation and requests cooperation of all Men, women, and children (over the age of 10). A poster being nailed to a pole, showing a defender with a panzerfaust anti-tank weapon confronting a tank. German soldiers shouldering panzerhaust on patrol in the snow. Closeup of insignia on sleeves on defenders' overcoats reading,"Volkssturm Wehrmacht." Men on defensive barricades. Others hauling material for defenses in wheel barrows. Tram cars being overturned and placed as impediments to invading forces. Closeup of Karl August Hanke, Gauleiter of Silesia, the city's Battle Commander (Kampfkommandant), mingling with other officers, and various groups of defenders. Hatless, he shakes hands with a defender who is dressed in heavy white cold weather coat. A car riding on road laced with tram tracks. view from inside the car of streets, building, and barriers contrived from overturned vehicles. Tram cars being set up as barriers. View from inside a defensive position, of a woman and man walking in the snow. Men setting up boxes of explosives and hooking them up to detonators along railroad tracks on a bridge. Closeups of the boxes and detonators. The charges are ignited and a large destructive explosion results raising dust and smoke. Civilian inhabitants of Breslau, under orders to evacuate, are seen leaving the city with their belongings. Some ride in army trucks, others use any means available to transport their belongings, including , wagons, bicycles, carts, and even baby carriages. As they leave, German soldiers including Volkssturm (Peoples' Militia) enter to reinforce the city defenses, Views of the reinforcements, some carrying panzerfaust anti-tank weapons, but most shouldering rifles as they march into the city. Cases of small arms being offloaded from army trucks to supply the reinforcements. A Goliath, SdKfz. 303 remote controlled tracked mine is seen scurrying across the ground as soldiers watch it in operation. A contingent of Volkssturm carrying panzerfaust weapons. City defenders setting up a large artillery field piece. A supply train carrying heavy armor and artillery to the city. A Hertzer tank destroyer being maneuvered into position with other armor on a dirt road. A line of Panther tanks on a roadway behind supply trucks. Closeup of one with crew members visible. Scene shifts to a dirt airfield where a German Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 109 aircraft is taking off. It is followed by several Focke-Wulf Fw 190 aircraft. Some raise considerable dust during takeoff. Closeup of one passing the camera on takeoff. Next, one is seen nosing over in the soft dirt of the airfield. But the pilot manages to right it again and continue the takeoff. Some Messerschmitt Bf 109 aircraft taking off in the dust. German airmen look up to watch the departing airplanes. Aircraft are barely seen in distance above, possibly engaged in dogfights with Soviet aircraft. Blsck smoke rising from Soviet bombing or shelling. Soldier on the airfield, shouldering a panzerfaust, looks skyward, with a comrade. View of sky shows aircraft engaged above, but barely discernible. White smoke rises from the ground, possibly from a crashed airplane.

Date: 1945
Duration: 3 min 56 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Dutch Jewish internee of Buchenwald concentration camp interviewed in Germany.

Internees at a concentration camp in Buchenwald, Germany. Serge Kaplan, Jewish internee from Eindhoven Netherlands speaks about the difficult conditions at various concentration camps which made life difficult for the internees and also led to death of many people. He states that he was in a concentration camp in Poland and came to Buchenwald in January 1945. He expresses his joy on being set free by the American Army.

Date: 1945, April 26
Duration: 60 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: English
 
 
View of the Nazi Concentration Camps and its victims, and other atrocities committed by Nazi forces in World War 2.

Images and testimony related to the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany in October 1946. Flashbacks of a variety of Nazi crimes against humanity during the years of World War II. Reference to testimony of Kenaris and Hans Frank in describing Nazi policies and methods for exterminating Poles and others. Pictures recording the implementation and results of Nazi policies; atrocities and murder of victims in Ouradour Sur Glane in France, in Bande in Belgium, in the Catacombe of San Callisto in Italy and in Czechoslovakia. Nazi forces seen leveling and destroying the town of Lidice in Czechoslovakia in 1942 in retaliation for the assassination of SS Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich. Corpses of the victims of the Nazi concentration camps, including Auschwitz, in 1945. Bones of humans in crematory ovens. Cramped starved camp victims in barracks. Stacks of luggage and suitcases of victims at a concentration camp, along with locks of hair, stacks of toothbrushes. Shaving cream brushes, shoes, clothing, and finally, piles of bones of camp victims. Testimony of Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Höss (sometimes spelled Höß or Hoess or Hess) describes concentration camps at Auschwitz in Poland. As scenes of victims in hospitals are shown, testimony of Rudolf Hoess is read, describing medical experiments include lowering the body temperature, injecting the body with poisons and infectious diseases and subjecting the body to high altitude pressure chambers. Shows pile of mutilated corpses.The "Arbeit Macht Frei" sign over the camp entrance of Auschwitz. Scenes of dead victims of Nazi brutality in the concentration camps.

Date: 1945
Duration: 4 min 51 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Czechoslovakia and Soviet relations after World War 2; Dubcek liberalization during Prague Spring; Soviet occupation in 1968

History of Czechoslovakia from 1919 to 1968 depicts lives of its people and various crisis. Clip shows combination of still images and moving images, with background of Czech musical soundtrack. A burning Nazi plane shot by Soviet military during World War II. Soviet Red Army marches in Prague, Poland in May 1945 to rescue from German occupation and atrocities. People destroy Nazi emblems and symbols from buildings. People assemble in large numbers on roads and cheer for the incoming Soviet troops and tanks. Civilians of Czechoslovakia during normal life after World War 2. Workers in mines, farmers in field and women work in houses. Spread of communism and communists make a star formation during a rally in Prague (sometimes called the Prague Spring). President Edvard Benes in 1948 signs pact with Soviet government. Photos of Soviet General Joseph Stalin and other Soviet leaders in his office. Various Presidents and leaders of Czechoslovakia during the 1950s. Military and civilian communist groups march on streets in 1956. Czech Skoda automobile production factory scenes in mid 1960s. Workers work in factories and shops till night hours. A Czech textile factory scene. Czech men and women in 1960s fashions enjoying mugs of beer. Several scenes with Alexander Dubček, (Alexander Dubcek), then Soviet leaders Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolai Brezhnev arrive for meeting with Dubček. Smiling Czech people walk in cities and at a cafe during liberalization measures. Soviet and Warsaw Pact tanks, armored vehicles, infantry and aircraft start their occupation ending the Prague Spring in Prague, Bratislave and other cities in August 1968. Civilians protest, demonstrate, and argue with Soviet troops and demonstrate in streets. Some approach tanks and attempt to damage the tanks. Large crowd of civilians watch the retreating Soviet forces from Czechoslovakia in 1968. Red Army met with agitation and resistance on streets by civilians. Soviet troops fire at some demonstrating civilians.

Date: 1968
Duration: 7 min 49 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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