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Poland 1945 stock footage and images

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Liberated United States airmen prisoners at Stalag 7A in Moosburg, Germany

Liberated United States prisoners (mostly military airmen) at POW camp called Kriegsgefangenen-Mannschafts-Stammlager (Stalag) VII A, located just North of Moosburg, Germany. The airmen cook food. Several are seen sunning themselves. Airmen seen shaving, shining shoes and cleaning clothes. A group of airmen around sign 'I Wanted Wings' and 'Luft 3'. These are some of the prisoners who were originally held at Stalag Luft III, in German Province of Lower Silesia, near the town of Sagan (now in Poland). (Note: Stalag Luft III is famous because the "Great Escape" took place there in March, 1944. Prisoners were forced to march from Sagan to Spremburg during the coldest winter in Germany in 50 years. There, they boarded a train of boxcars for a 3 day trip to Moosburg in January 1945, because the Russians were closing in. The addition of these prisoners to Stalag 7A, at Moosburg, led to serious overcrowding of the camp. On May 1, 1945, the New York Times reported that "The Fourteenth Armored Division liberated 110,000 Allied prisoners of war at Stalag 7A at Moosburg." This corrected an earlier report that 27,000 prisoners had been liberated.)

Date: 1945, April 29
Duration: 2 min 39 sec
Sound: No
Color: Color
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
Dutch Jewish internee of Buchenwald concentration camp interviewed in Germany.

Internees at a concentration camp in Buchenwald, Germany. Serge Kaplan, Jewish internee from Eindhoven Netherlands speaks about the difficult conditions at various concentration camps which made life difficult for the internees and also led to death of many people. He states that he was in a concentration camp in Poland and came to Buchenwald in January 1945. He expresses his joy on being set free by the American Army.

Date: 1945, April 26
Duration: 60 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: English
 
 
View of the Nazi Concentration Camps and its victims, and other atrocities committed by Nazi forces in World War 2.

Images and testimony related to the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany in October 1946. Flashbacks of a variety of Nazi crimes against humanity during the years of World War II. Reference to testimony of Kenaris and Hans Frank in describing Nazi policies and methods for exterminating Poles and others. Pictures recording the implementation and results of Nazi policies; atrocities and murder of victims in Ouradour Sur Glane in France, in Bande in Belgium, in the Catacombe of San Callisto in Italy and in Czechoslovakia. Nazi forces seen leveling and destroying the town of Lidice in Czechoslovakia in 1942 in retaliation for the assassination of SS Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich. Corpses of the victims of the Nazi concentration camps, including Auschwitz, in 1945. Bones of humans in crematory ovens. Cramped starved camp victims in barracks. Stacks of luggage and suitcases of victims at a concentration camp, along with locks of hair, stacks of toothbrushes. Shaving cream brushes, shoes, clothing, and finally, piles of bones of camp victims. Testimony of Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Höss (sometimes spelled Höß or Hoess or Hess) describes concentration camps at Auschwitz in Poland. As scenes of victims in hospitals are shown, testimony of Rudolf Hoess is read, describing medical experiments include lowering the body temperature, injecting the body with poisons and infectious diseases and subjecting the body to high altitude pressure chambers. Shows pile of mutilated corpses.The "Arbeit Macht Frei" sign over the camp entrance of Auschwitz. Scenes of dead victims of Nazi brutality in the concentration camps.

Date: 1945
Duration: 4 min 51 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Czechoslovakia and Soviet relations after World War 2; Dubcek liberalization during Prague Spring; Soviet occupation in 1968

History of Czechoslovakia from 1919 to 1968 depicts lives of its people and various crisis. Clip shows combination of still images and moving images, with background of Czech musical soundtrack. A burning Nazi plane shot by Soviet military during World War II. Soviet Red Army marches in Prague, Poland in May 1945 to rescue from German occupation and atrocities. People destroy Nazi emblems and symbols from buildings. People assemble in large numbers on roads and cheer for the incoming Soviet troops and tanks. Civilians of Czechoslovakia during normal life after World War 2. Workers in mines, farmers in field and women work in houses. Spread of communism and communists make a star formation during a rally in Prague (sometimes called the Prague Spring). President Edvard Benes in 1948 signs pact with Soviet government. Photos of Soviet General Joseph Stalin and other Soviet leaders in his office. Various Presidents and leaders of Czechoslovakia during the 1950s. Military and civilian communist groups march on streets in 1956. Czech Skoda automobile production factory scenes in mid 1960s. Workers work in factories and shops till night hours. A Czech textile factory scene. Czech men and women in 1960s fashions enjoying mugs of beer. Several scenes with Alexander Dubček, (Alexander Dubcek), then Soviet leaders Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolai Brezhnev arrive for meeting with Dubček. Smiling Czech people walk in cities and at a cafe during liberalization measures. Soviet and Warsaw Pact tanks, armored vehicles, infantry and aircraft start their occupation ending the Prague Spring in Prague, Bratislave and other cities in August 1968. Civilians argue with Soviet troops and demonstrate in streets. Large crowd of civilians watch the retreating Soviet forces from Czechoslovakia in 1968. Red Army met with agitation and resistance on streets by civilians. Soviet troops fire at some demonstrating civilians.

Date: 1968
Duration: 7 min 49 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Polish prisoners after the liberation of Auschwitz Nazi concentration camp in Poland during World War II.

Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz in Poland after its liberation by Soviet troops towards the end of World War II. Bunk beds at Auschwitz show camp prisoners. Electrified fences at the camp. 'Arbeit Macht Frei' sign at Auschwitz. A sign reads '6000 volt raum vorsicht lebensgefahr'. Women prisoners inside barracks. Pictures of various prisoners, from Poland, Czechoslovakia,and Hungary and Jews, Rumanians,and others.

Date: 1945
Duration: 1 min 46 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: Russian
 
 
Russian troops drive out the Germans from Lublin, Poland.

Russian troops and tanks enter Lublin, Poland. Russian troops drive out the Germans from Lublin, Poland. Ruined buildings in view. Civilians cheer and greet Russian soldiers. Russian soldiers with bunch of flowers. Dead bodies of Polish civilians. Lublin castle in view. Russian soldiers preside at a mass burial. Civilians weep and hug each other.

Date: 1945
Duration: 2 min 46 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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