A Mercedes auto exhibition in Poznan Poland in June 1956 before unrest took hold. Flags of various nations at the show and Mercedes cars on display. A rebellion leader arrives and addresses demonstrators gathered in Poznan to protest the Soviet-led Communist government in Poland. Aerial view of Poznan Poland in 1956. Tanks of Soviet military arrive and are seen among the demonstrators. A court room during trial of the demonstrators' leaders. Workers and demonstrators gathering and meeting. Soviet Premiere Nikita Khrushchev arrives in Poland. His plane is seen landing and he walks down the steps from the plane to the tarmac. Wladyslaw Gomulka is tapped to lead the Communist party in Poland. He is seen speaking to a group assembled. Image of Konstantin Rokossovsky who Gomulka had removed from power after he had led military actions against the reform demonstrators in Poznan. Citizens in Poland celebrate Gomulka's ascension as Communist party leader and his anti-Stalinist reforms. Soviet tanks depart from Poland. English Newspaper headline "Poles sweep Stalinists from Power, Gomulka heads Freedeom Setup." A priest accepts flowers and gifts from people celebrating the return of freedom of religion in Poland.
A trade fair in Poznan, Poland. Excavation machinery from Germany in operation. Heavy machinery from Russia is being operated by men. A sign reads 'Renault'. People attend the fair. American cars and truck are displayed.
Russian attacks on Warsaw and Poznan in World War II. Soviet army using tanks, heavy artillery, machine guns and grenades advance forward. Marshal Zhukov and Marshal Rosokofskey inspecting Russian cossacks advancing on horses. A soldier is shot by a sniper while running through street intersection. A Russian machine gunner firing a Soviet RP 46 machine gun shoots at building to take out a sniper's nest. Dead bodies of German snipers. Views of ruined city of Warsaw and Poznan. Concentration camp victims, including a woman who has been blinded in one eye. Interior of a Nazi concentration camp room loaded with torture equipment, including a guillotine. Piles of bodies of persons mass executed during German retreat. Women crying over bodies in coffins. A fat Nazi commander and his fellow officers.Soviet soldiers. Scenes of ruined Warsaw include a sign that reads, 'Adolf Hitler Platz.' A wrecked trolley with signs on it that read, ''Wierzeno' and 'Ein u. Ausstieg nur fur Deutsche' which translates to English as, 'On and off exit points only for Germans' The ruined home of Frederic Chopin in Warsaw. The Polish flag flying again after battle.
German motorcyclists,trucks,cavalry and infantry on the move as Polish refugees move to the rear near Warsaw, Poland, in World War 2 . Animated map shows tightening of German forces around Polish defenders, early in September, 1939, in World War 2. It shows Polish counterattacks at the Bzura River (German: Kutno) by combined Polish Armies, Poznan and Pomorze, toward Stryków (9-12 September) and toward Lowicz (13-15 September). The German forces then completely encircle by closing them off on the East.The map shows many arrows indicating strong effort by the Poles to breakout to the East,to Warsaw, without success. Scene shifts to many German He-111 bombers taking off. Aerial view shows the bombers taking off simultaneously across a broad dirt field, leaving dust trails behind them. A formation of 18 He-111s is seen in flight. Then a formation of Do-17s is seen followed by more He-111s. Closeups of He-111s.Views of ground from the nose greenhouse. Brief glimpses of targets burning on ground.Bombs dropping from He-111s. More burning targets on the ground.
The 1956 uprising in Hungary. Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenthy is freed from prison on October 30, 1956, on November 3, he made a radio broadcast praising the revolution. (He is seen, possibly at that event.) Smoke rises from a tugboat in a harbor, where relief supplies are piled on a dock. People read about the rebel triumph in newspapers distributed from a truck, in Budapest. Soviet-built Li-2 airplanes (similar to DC-3) airlift relief supplies from Poznan, Poland. Convoy of ambulances and medical teams and supplies from International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) cross into Hungary at a border control point. Revolutionaries get medical treatment in hospitals. Sacks of relief supplies are seen.
Flashbacks of Nazi activities during World War II presented during Nuremberg Trials. Chief prosecutor from Great Britain, Hartley Shawcross, presents Count No 2, Crimes Against Peace, meaning wars of aggression in violation of international treaties and agreements. Lieutenant Colonel Schumt relates Adolf Hitler's plans to occupy Poland. View of a truck and uniformed Germans marching and agitating in Poland to advocate annexation by Germany (under Albert Forster). On August 23, 1939, Joseph Stalin and Joachim von Ribbentrop sign Russian-German non-aggression pact. Flashback view of convoy of German tanks moving near farm fields toward Poland. View of Pope Pius XII and then Franklin Delano Roosevelt appealling to Germany not to attack Poland or other sovereign nations. Raucous laughter in Reichstag as Hitler addresses German leaders and describes the appeal by Roosevelt. September 1, 1939, scenes of German troops invading Poland as Luftwaffe begins mass bombing raid. Artillery guns fire, troops in jeeps, personnel carriers, and motorcycles stream into Poland. Aerial view of Luftwaffe aircraft in formation approaching Poland and bombing Polish cities. Bombs away view as bombs fall from aircraft to ground and explosions and smoke seen on ground in Poland. City buildings in Poland seen in flames and crumbling to the ground. Line of German Wehrmacht Army forces marching on roadways into invaded territory. German Army seen invading Denmark on April 9, 1940. German sailors aboard fast moving German ship. German army soldiers aiming machine guns. Camera view of German tank as tank gun is lowered directly toward camera. German forces occupy a North Sea dock area of coastal Denmark, German tanks and vehicles drive on streets and sidewalks in Denmark as Danish citizens run and leap out of the way. Danish citizens stand quietly along sides of a road as German Army marches into a city of Denmark.