A Mercedes auto exhibition in Poznan Poland in June 1956 before unrest took hold during Polish uprising of 1956. Flags of various nations at the show and Mercedes cars on display. A rebellion leader arrives and addresses demonstrators gathered in Poznan to protest the Soviet-led Communist government in Poland. Aerial view of Poznan Poland in 1956. Tanks of Soviet military arrive and are seen among the demonstrators. A court room during trial of the demonstrators' leaders. Workers and demonstrators gathering and meeting. Soviet Premiere Nikita Khrushchev arrives in Poland. His plane is seen landing and he walks down the steps from the plane to the tarmac. Wladyslaw Gomulka is tapped to lead the Communist party in Poland. He is seen speaking to a group assembled. Image of Konstantin Rokossovsky who Gomulka had removed from power after he had led military actions against the reform demonstrators in Poznan. Citizens in Poland celebrate Gomulka's ascension as Communist party leader and his anti-Stalinist reforms. Soviet tanks depart from Poland. English Newspaper headline "Poles sweep Stalinists from Power, Gomulka heads Freedeom Setup." A priest accepts flowers and gifts from people celebrating the return of freedom of religion in Poland.
A trade fair in Poznan, Poland. Excavation machinery from Germany in operation. Heavy machinery from Russia is being operated by men. A sign reads 'Renault'. People attend the fair. American cars and truck are displayed.
Russian attacks on Warsaw and Poznan in World War II. Soviet army using tanks, heavy artillery, machine guns and grenades advance forward. Marshal Zhukov and Marshal Rosokofskey inspecting Russian cossacks advancing on horses. A soldier is shot by a sniper while running through street intersection. A Russian machine gunner firing a Soviet RP 46 machine gun shoots at building to take out a sniper's nest. Dead bodies of German snipers. Views of ruined city of Warsaw and Poznan. Concentration camp victims, including a woman who has been blinded in one eye. Interior of a Nazi concentration camp room loaded with torture equipment, including a guillotine. Piles of bodies of persons mass executed during German retreat. Women crying over bodies in coffins. A fat Nazi commander and his fellow officers.Soviet soldiers. Scenes of ruined Warsaw include a sign that reads, 'Adolf Hitler Platz.' A wrecked trolley with signs on it that read, ''Wierzeno' and 'Ein u. Ausstieg nur fur Deutsche' which translates to English as, 'On and off exit points only for Germans' The ruined home of Frederic Chopin in Warsaw. The Polish flag flying again after battle.
Invading German infantry are seen advancing at a slow pace into Polish regions bordering Germany. They carry weapons and supplies on pack horses. Austrian troops and Mountaineers ascend hills and mountains on the Southern flank. Views of residents happily welcoming the invading troops in former German areas (West Prussia, Poznan, and Upper Silesia). Women and children throw flowers to German troops riding in a Sd.Kfz. 11 special motorized vehicle (Sonderkraftfahrzeug) towing an artillery piece. They throw flowers at German soldiers in a Sd.Kfz. 231 8-Rad armored personnel carrier. A group of mostly women and children waver enthusiastically from the front of what looks like a school building. Another group of welcoming residents includes several men in military uniforms. They wave as mounted German troops and horses pass. A local man tears down a Polish street sign. Crowds watch and cheer a passing German Panzer IV Ausf E with a short-barreled 75-millimeter gun. German officers riding in open staff cars are surrounded by cheering crowds as they make their way with difficulty through the throng. Crowds give Nazi salute and call out "Sieg Heil." German troops march with difficulty through the center of the crowds.
German motorcyclists,trucks,cavalry and infantry on the move as Polish refugees move to the rear near Warsaw, Poland, in World War 2 . Animated map shows tightening of German forces around Polish defenders, early in September, 1939, in World War 2. It shows Polish counterattacks at the Bzura River (German: Kutno) by combined Polish Armies, Poznan and Pomorze, toward Stryków (9-12 September) and toward Lowicz (13-15 September). The German forces then completely encircle by closing them off on the East.The map shows many arrows indicating strong effort by the Poles to breakout to the East,to Warsaw, without success. Scene shifts to many German He-111 bombers taking off. Aerial view shows the bombers taking off simultaneously across a broad dirt field, leaving dust trails behind them. A formation of 18 He-111s is seen in flight. Then a formation of Do-17s is seen followed by more He-111s. Closeups of He-111s.Views of ground from the nose greenhouse. Brief glimpses of targets burning on ground.Bombs dropping from He-111s. More burning targets on the ground.
The 1956 uprising in Hungary. Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenthy is freed from prison on October 30, 1956, on November 3, he made a radio broadcast praising the revolution. (He is seen, possibly at that event.) Smoke rises from a tugboat in a harbor, where relief supplies are piled on a dock. People read about the rebel triumph in newspapers distributed from a truck, in Budapest. Soviet-built Li-2 airplanes (similar to DC-3) airlift relief supplies from Poznan, Poland. Convoy of ambulances and medical teams and supplies from International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) cross into Hungary at a border control point. Revolutionaries get medical treatment in hospitals. Sacks of relief supplies are seen.