Population celebrates independence of Czechoslovakia, October 28, 1918, with the fall of the Hapsburg Empire, near the end of World War 1. Streets of Prague are seen filled with marching throngs and cheering spectators. View of new national flag flying from tall building overlooking Wenceslas Square.Statue of St. Wenceslas visible below. Animated map outlines general area to encompass the new Czecho-Slovak Republic. (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
A film on 1918 celebrations of independence as the Hapsburg reign ends in Prague, Czechoslovakia. Czecho-Slovak troops look out from the train window as they arrive in Prague. Troops stand holding their flag. The troops arrive from Austria. People cheer as troops march. People cover the statue of Joseph Radetzky von Radetz in front of the Radetzky Memorial. Cartoons and caricatures of Kaiser and Crown Prince. Pictures of the cabinet members of Czechoslovakia. Troops depart form Slovakia to hold the Hungarian border on horse carts and horses. Battisti, the brother of the executed Italian deputy in a car. (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
Part of a feature on the Czecho-Slovak Revolution. Shows 1918 celebrations in prague as the Habsburg rule ends and the independent republic of Czechoslovakia is established. Generalissimo (Chief Army officer) of the Czech Army, Dr. Scheiner and Rosicky read the oath of allegiance. Czechoslovakian troops returning from the Italian front receive a rousing welcome in Prague. Generalissimo and Rosicky review the troops. People and troops parade on the streets. Troops on horses and in horse carts. Czechoslovakian flags and banners in parade. Shows Minister Klofac, Dr K Kramarc and Dr Stanek, Minister of Public Works. Klofac addresses the people. The future of new republic is addressed by the socialist leader. Colonel Husak, Commander of the Czech forces in Russia addresses the crowd. Military band plays and the crowd cheers, waving hats in the air. View of uniformed French and British aviators in discussion, amongst the crowd. (World War i; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
History of Czechoslovakia from 1919 to 1968 depicts lives of its people and various crisis. Clip shows combination of still images and moving images, with background of Czech musical soundtrack. A burning Nazi plane shot by Soviet military during World War II. Soviet Red Army marches in Prague, Poland in May 1945 to rescue from German occupation and atrocities. People destroy Nazi emblems and symbols from buildings. People assemble in large numbers on roads and cheer for the incoming Soviet troops and tanks. Civilians of Czechoslovakia during normal life after World War 2. Workers in mines, farmers in field and women work in houses. Spread of communism and communists make a star formation during a rally in Prague (sometimes called the Prague Spring). President Edvard Benes in 1948 signs pact with Soviet government. Photos of Soviet General Joseph Stalin and other Soviet leaders in his office. Various Presidents and leaders of Czechoslovakia during the 1950s. Military and civilian communist groups march on streets in 1956. Czech Skoda automobile production factory scenes in mid 1960s. Workers work in factories and shops till night hours. A Czech textile factory scene. Czech men and women in 1960s fashions enjoying mugs of beer. Several scenes with Alexander Dubček, (Alexander Dubcek), then Soviet leaders Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolai Brezhnev arrive for meeting with Dubček. Smiling Czech people walk in cities and at a cafe during liberalization measures. Soviet and Warsaw Pact tanks, armored vehicles, infantry and aircraft start their occupation ending the Prague Spring in Prague, Bratislave and other cities in August 1968. Civilians argue with Soviet troops and demonstrate in streets. Large crowd of civilians watch the retreating Soviet forces from Czechoslovakia in 1968. Red Army met with agitation and resistance on streets by civilians. Soviet troops fire at some demonstrating civilians.
Italian General Luigi Piccioni greets President Masaryk outside Prague, Czechoslovakia. President's daughter Olga and son John are seen. Zahradnik, minister of railways, welcomes President Masaryk. Representatives of the Allied countries present for the welcome including uniformed military representatives. General Piccioni speaks to those gathered, assuring Italy's friendship with Czech Republic. (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
President Masaryk's train arriving at the "President Wilson Station" railway station in Prague, Czechoslovakia. The Old Town Square buildings decorated with flags and banners. Ticker tape rains down from balconies. Thousands of people gather at the Old Town Square. View of clock tower and exterior of President Wilson Railway Station. Flags hoisted on buildings. A contingent of ceremonial guards in white uniforms, (Slate calls them butchers) carrying shouldered medieval-style Halberds. (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)