History of Czechoslovakia from 1919 to 1968 depicts lives of its people and various crisis. Clip shows combination of still images and moving images, with background of Czech musical soundtrack. A burning Nazi plane shot by Soviet military during World War II. Soviet Red Army marches in Prague, Poland in May 1945 to rescue from German occupation and atrocities. People destroy Nazi emblems and symbols from buildings. People assemble in large numbers on roads and cheer for the incoming Soviet troops and tanks. Civilians of Czechoslovakia during normal life after World War 2. Workers in mines, farmers in field and women work in houses. Spread of communism and communists make a star formation during a rally in Prague (sometimes called the Prague Spring). President Edvard Benes in 1948 signs pact with Soviet government. Photos of Soviet General Joseph Stalin and other Soviet leaders in his office. Various Presidents and leaders of Czechoslovakia during the 1950s. Military and civilian communist groups march on streets in 1956. Czech Skoda automobile production factory scenes in mid 1960s. Workers work in factories and shops till night hours. A Czech textile factory scene. Czech men and women in 1960s fashions enjoying mugs of beer. Several scenes with Alexander Dubček, (Alexander Dubcek), then Soviet leaders Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolai Brezhnev arrive for meeting with Dubček. Smiling Czech people walk in cities and at a cafe during liberalization measures. Soviet and Warsaw Pact tanks, armored vehicles, infantry and aircraft start their occupation ending the Prague Spring in Prague, Bratislave and other cities in August 1968. Civilians argue with Soviet troops and demonstrate in streets. Large crowd of civilians watch the retreating Soviet forces from Czechoslovakia in 1968. Red Army met with agitation and resistance on streets by civilians. Soviet troops fire at some demonstrating civilians.
Former President of Czechoslovakia Eduard Benes returns from Prague during Czech Army parade in Prague, Czechoslovakia. A crowd gathers around a jeep. A large crowd of Czech civilians. Buildings in the background. Views of Czech civilians, soldiers, officers and police. Former President of Czechoslovakia Eduard Benes gets into a car to return from Prague. A sign on a building reads 'Ambassador'. Civilians watch parade from windows of the building. Crowds cheer the former President Benes as he rides along the streets. Civilians stand on either side of the road and wave.
Vltava River in Prague, Czechoslovakia. City of Prague and various buildings of Prague seen along the Vltava river bank from an elevated position. Three persons stand along bank and talk.
Czechoslovakians fight for freedom in Prague uprising near the end of World War II. The Czechoslovakians revolt to liberate the city of Prague from German occupation. Civilians burn German flags. Police capture German ammunition. The civilians throw hand grenades and fire guns on streets at German forces. Explosions arise during the battle. Dead bodies of rebel civilians on streets. Czech police and citizens inspect the surrendered Germans. Civilians and defenders happily greet Soviet Army tanks as they enter the city following retreat of Germans. Men and women collaborators are marched through city streets toward incarceration in concentration camps. President of Czechoslovakia Edvard Benes disembarks a train. The President returns to Prague after 7 years of exile. An officer salutes the President. A large crowd of civilians gathered to greet the President. The President waves at the gathering from the balcony of a building.
Liberation of Prague, Czechoslovakia from Nazi occupation during World War II. British and American flags hoisted in Prague. People smash down German signs from shops and buildings. German Schutzstaffel soldiers fight against civilians on streets. A truck loaded with supplies moves into the city. Snipers fire from buildings. Dead bodies lying on a street. German artillery being fired. Smoke rises from the buildings. Soviet soldiers loaded on tanks enter the city after its liberation from German occupation. Czechoslovakian President Edvard Benes returns to the city as he gets down from a railroad train. People cheer and celebrate their liberation. President Benes waves from a window as a large crowd cheers in the streets.
The Karlsbrucke Bridge, also called the Charles Bridge, crossing the River Vltava in Prague, Czechoslovakia. People cross the Karlsbrucke (the Charles) Bridge with the Prague Castle in the distance. The Crucifix and Calvary statue on the bridge, depicting Jesus' crucifixion, with the Virgin Mary and John the Baptist on the sides. It has Hebrew lettering encircling the statue.