History of Czechoslovakia from 1919 to 1968 depicts lives of its people and various crisis. Clip shows combination of still images and moving images, with background of Czech musical soundtrack. A burning Nazi plane shot by Soviet military during World War II. Soviet Red Army marches in Prague, Poland in May 1945 to rescue from German occupation and atrocities. People destroy Nazi emblems and symbols from buildings. People assemble in large numbers on roads and cheer for the incoming Soviet troops and tanks. Civilians of Czechoslovakia during normal life after World War 2. Workers in mines, farmers in field and women work in houses. Spread of communism and communists make a star formation during a rally in Prague (sometimes called the Prague Spring). President Edvard Benes in 1948 signs pact with Soviet government. Photos of Soviet General Joseph Stalin and other Soviet leaders in his office. Various Presidents and leaders of Czechoslovakia during the 1950s. Military and civilian communist groups march on streets in 1956. Czech Skoda automobile production factory scenes in mid 1960s. Workers work in factories and shops till night hours. A Czech textile factory scene. Czech men and women in 1960s fashions enjoying mugs of beer. Several scenes with Alexander Dubček, (Alexander Dubcek), then Soviet leaders Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolai Brezhnev arrive for meeting with Dubček. Smiling Czech people walk in cities and at a cafe during liberalization measures. Soviet and Warsaw Pact tanks, armored vehicles, infantry and aircraft start their occupation ending the Prague Spring in Prague, Bratislave and other cities in August 1968. Civilians argue with Soviet troops and demonstrate in streets. Large crowd of civilians watch the retreating Soviet forces from Czechoslovakia in 1968. Red Army met with agitation and resistance on streets by civilians. Soviet troops fire at some demonstrating civilians.
Methods used by the Soviet Army during their Warsaw Pact invasion to put down the Prague Spring in Czechoslovakia in 1968. Civilian protest cartoons, articles and signs against the Soviets. Czech civilian protesters run to escape from Soviet tanks and military in a city. Wounded demonstrators taken in ambulance. People demonstrating peacefully ran over by Soviet tanks and armored vehicles. People weep during the funeral ceremony of those killed by the Soviet Army. Soviet Army retreats from Czechoslovakia met with resistance and demonstrations by civilians.
Violent anti-Soviet demonstrations in Prague, Czechoslovakia after Soviet occupation to end Prague Spring liberalization measures. Large crowds of anti-Soviet demonstrators on street, outside the Soviet Embassy. A Soviet flag on the building of Soviet Embassy. Demonstrators set fire to the communist Soviet flag. The flag burns. Demonstrators spread violence on the street. Police capture a demonstrator and take him away. Demonstrators set Soviet flag on fire on street.
Former President of Czechoslovakia Eduard Benes returns from Prague during Czech Army parade in Prague, Czechoslovakia. A crowd gathers around a jeep. A large crowd of Czech civilians. Buildings in the background. Views of Czech civilians, soldiers, officers and police. Former President of Czechoslovakia Eduard Benes gets into a car to return from Prague. A sign on a building reads 'Ambassador'. Civilians watch parade from windows of the building. Crowds cheer the former President Benes as he rides along the streets. Civilians stand on either side of the road and wave.
Presidential candidate Richard Nixon's answers to a panel during a special television program in Michigan. A panelist speaks about delay in signing Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty with the Soviet Union. Answering her Nixon's speaks about the Soviet movement in Czechoslovakia (to supress the Prague Spring liberalization measures). Nixon speaks about importance of nuclear treaties and the need for countries to follow the treaty rules.
German troops parade in Prague, Czechoslovakia during German occupation of Czechoslovakia in World War 2. German troops parade in Prague. German artillery and tanks roll through central Prague. Troops march at Wenceslas Square. Equestrian statue of Wenseslas, Duke of Bohemia, in armor, carrying a banner. Troops and tanks parade as German officers watch them. German Luftwaffe planes fly overhead.