The fourth presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in New York, United States on 21st October 1960. ABC News correspondent Quincy Howe speaks during the debate and allows NBC correspondent John Chancellor to pose a question to Richard Nixon a . Correspondent Chancellor asks a question about Quemoy and Matsu issue. Vice President Nixon points out inconsistency of Senator Kennedy. He further explains it by saying that Senator Kennedy signed a resolution in 1955 which gave the president the power to use United States forces to defend Formosa and offshore islands. But he also voted for an amendment which was lost, an amendment which would have drawn a line and left out those islands. Vice President Nixon supports President Eisenhower's position. Correspondent Howe asks Senator Kennedy to comment on the topic. He speaks about President Eisenhower sending a mission to persuade Chiang Kai-shek in the spring of fifty-five to withdraw from Quemoy and Matsu because they were exposed. The President was unsuccessful. He refers to the fact that in 1958, as a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was very familiar with the position that the United States took in negotiating with Chinese Communists on these two islands. He further that the U.S. was unable to persuade China's Chiang Kai-Shek to withdraw and thus it was decided by the U.S. to defend the islands.
Civilians hide in underground houses, Quemoy, Taiwan. They hide in the underground shelters due to the terror of the communists. People come out of their houses. People cook food outside their houses. Children walk.
Conditions in Quemoy, China during the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis. Western newsmen climb up a mountain in Quemoy. The newsmen at a beach. They examine damaged buildings destroyed due to the Communist Chinese firing. Damaged roof of a building. Explosions occur on a nearby island. Chinese children take shelter in the underground of a building. A damaged building.
The third Kennedy-Nixon Presidential Debate in the United States. Douglass Cater from Reporter magazine asks Democratic candidate Senator John F Kennedy about what sort of prolonged period does he envisage before there could be a summit conference and if he thinks that there could be any new initiatives on the grounds of nuclear disarmament during that period. Kennedy answers and talks about the need of strengthening of U.S. conventional forces and increasing missile production. On the question of nuclear disarmament he states that the new administration should renew negotiations with the Soviet Union. He disagrees with the present administration's efforts regarding nuclear controls and general disarmament. He states that if he would get a chance he would make efforts to provide for control of nuclear weapons testing and begin general disarmament levels. Republican candidate U.S. Vice President Richard M Nixon mentions about his speech on this subject. He disagrees with Kennedy's statement that the administration is not making any effort because this is the highest level of operations in the whole State Department which is under the President himself. Roscoe Drummond from New York Herald Tribune asks Vice President Nixon about defending Quemoy and Matsu islands. Nixon answers and states that the U.S. should not deal with dictators and should not indicate which particular area it would defend. He gives the examples of the Korean War and World War II where the U.S. made a mistake. He says that Kennedy should change his position in this regard and not encourage the Chinese Communist and Soviet aggressors to react. Kennedy says that the treaty with the Republic of China excludes Quemoy and Matsu from the treaty area. He states that the treaty only includes defending of Formosa and the Pescadores. He concludes that the U.S. should meet its commitments and raise war if the Chinese Communists attack the Pescadores and Formosa.
Supply convoy reaches Quemoy in China despite the communist Chinese blockade, during Cold War. Ships carry the supplies at sea. Men on landing craft at the sea. Men on deck. President Chiang Kai Shek arrives at a press conference in Formosa. He opposes reduction of garrisons on the off-shore islands. Mainland China rebuffs United States peace bids with an enormous Chinese propaganda demonstration in Peiping (Beijing) on the grounds of the old Imperial Palace. Communist Chinese demonstrate with boards, placards and flags in hand. A huge crowd gathers at the palace grounds and decries what it calls American aggression in the Taiwan strait. President Zhou Enlai addresses the massive crowd.
Progressive aggression leading to the take over of Tibet and fleeing of the Dlai Lama. Men raise the People's Republic of China flag on a mountain as armies of Communist China conquer Tibet. 1950: The Dalai Lama and Panchem Lama are brought to Peking in China. They are received by Chinese officials, presented with bouquets. A function at their arrival. 1955: African and Asian delegates at the Bandung Conference in Indonesia. China agrees to the 5 principles of peaceful co-existence. Delegates including Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai and Indian Prime Minister Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. 1956: The Dalai Lama and Panchem Lama are permitted to visit India to celebrate the 2500th birth anniversary of Lord Buddha. They are greeted by Pandit Nehru, Premier U Nu of Burma and other Indian officials an arrival. The Lamas with Indian officials seated for a meal on the ground in a hall. The Lamas are welcomed in a ceremony and Dalai Lama addresses the gathering. Tibet: China begins to impose Communist system on Tibetan borders. Construction work and forced labor. March 1959: Communist bombardment over Lhasa. The Potala monastery. Tibetans take up alms. Handcuffs and confinements. Demonstrations and protests outside the Chinese Embassy in Delhi. Former Prime Minister Of Tibet, Lukhangwa and other monks pay their respects at Mahatma Gandhi's samadhi (mausoleum) in New Delhi. Indian government officials and members of the international press reach Tezpur in Assam. They welcome the Dalai Lama. Photographers take pictures. The Dalai Lama addresses a gathering. Statues of Lord Buddha all over India and Asia. Tibetan monks pray. People sing Indian devotional song.