The fourth presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in New York, United States on 21st October 1960. ABC News correspondent Quincy Howe speaks during the debate and allows NBC correspondent John Chancellor to pose a question to Richard Nixon a . Correspondent Chancellor asks a question about Quemoy and Matsu issue. Vice President Nixon points out inconsistency of Senator Kennedy. He further explains it by saying that Senator Kennedy signed a resolution in 1955 which gave the president the power to use United States forces to defend Formosa and offshore islands. But he also voted for an amendment which was lost, an amendment which would have drawn a line and left out those islands. Vice President Nixon supports President Eisenhower's position. Correspondent Howe asks Senator Kennedy to comment on the topic. He speaks about President Eisenhower sending a mission to persuade Chiang Kai-shek in the spring of fifty-five to withdraw from Quemoy and Matsu because they were exposed. The President was unsuccessful. He refers to the fact that in 1958, as a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was very familiar with the position that the United States took in negotiating with Chinese Communists on these two islands. He further that the U.S. was unable to persuade China's Chiang Kai-Shek to withdraw and thus it was decided by the U.S. to defend the islands.
Opens showing views of the U.S. Pavilion at the Brussels Fair. An array of international flags and artistic fountains grace the Pavilion. Glimpse of the relatively plain Exhibition Hall of the Soviet Union. Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser shakes hand with Nikita Khrushchev 1st Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Nasser speaking to the 600-member assembly of the new United Arab Republic (encompassing Egypt and Syria). Arabs marching with banners. King Faisal II of Iraq and his uncle, Abdul Ilah, step to a podium. Faisal II riding in a horse-drawn carriage. View of seaport in Lebanon. A U.S. Naval task force is visible, arriving in response to a request for aid from Lebanon. U.S. marines in an amphibious landing near Beirut. They establish a beachhead as local Lebanese watch and applaud. The marines load artillery and ammunition on the beach. The scene changes to the island of Quemoy in the Taiwan Strait, where entrenched KMT troops of Chiang Kai-Shek, are seen scrambling as they undergo constant shelling from mainland China. The American Destroyer, USS Ammen (DD-527) is seen underway on patrol in the Taiwan Strait. U.S. Navy vessels provide relief supplies to the bombarded Islands in the Taiwan Strait. Landing craft are loaded with essential supplies for delivery. Sailors are seen throwing sacks of foodstuffs over their ship railing into a landing craft below. A line of laden landing craft follow in the wake of a Navy ship. The cold war scene shifts to West Berlin, Germany, where high rise housing is shown and citizens are seen going about their daily activities. A large sign in German warns that one will be leaving West Berlin immediately by passing the sign. Views of damaged buildings left untouched in East Berlin. Militia in black uniforms perform close order drills in the midst of destruction around them in East Berlin. Street sign identifies Unter Den Linden. The formerly elegant avenue is seen virtually deserted. A horse-drawn carriage moves along and men push a cart full of supplies. Bicyclists ride along the side of the street. Headquarters of the 4-powers administration building is seen without a Soviet flag. French, American, and British soldiers stand guard. (Soviets are absent.)
Conditions in Quemoy, China during the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis. Western newsmen climb up a mountain in Quemoy. The newsmen at a beach. They examine damaged buildings destroyed due to the Communist Chinese firing. Damaged roof of a building. Explosions occur on a nearby island. Chinese children take shelter in the underground of a building. A damaged building.
Supply convoy reaches Quemoy in China despite the communist Chinese blockade, during Cold War. Ships carry the supplies at sea. Men on landing craft at the sea. Men on deck. President Chiang Kai Shek arrives at a press conference in Formosa. He opposes reduction of garrisons on the off-shore islands. Mainland China rebuffs United States peace bids with an enormous Chinese propaganda demonstration in Peiping (Beijing) on the grounds of the old Imperial Palace. Communist Chinese demonstrate with boards, placards and flags in hand. A huge crowd gathers at the palace grounds and decries what it calls American aggression in the Taiwan strait. President Zhou Enlai addresses the massive crowd.
The Chinese communists guns batter Quemoy after a 15-day respite. Shells on the beach. Wrecked houses in the town. Soldiers come out of an airplane. Soldiers dig trench. Artillery on the field.
The third Kennedy-Nixon Presidential Debate in the United States. Douglass Cater from Reporter magazine asks Democratic candidate Senator John F Kennedy about what sort of prolonged period does he envisage before there could be a summit conference and if he thinks that there could be any new initiatives on the grounds of nuclear disarmament during that period. Kennedy answers and talks about the need of strengthening of U.S. conventional forces and increasing missile production. On the question of nuclear disarmament he states that the new administration should renew negotiations with the Soviet Union. He disagrees with the present administration's efforts regarding nuclear controls and general disarmament. He states that if he would get a chance he would make efforts to provide for control of nuclear weapons testing and begin general disarmament levels. Republican candidate U.S. Vice President Richard M Nixon mentions about his speech on this subject. He disagrees with Kennedy's statement that the administration is not making any effort because this is the highest level of operations in the whole State Department which is under the President himself. Roscoe Drummond from New York Herald Tribune asks Vice President Nixon about defending Quemoy and Matsu islands. Nixon answers and states that the U.S. should not deal with dictators and should not indicate which particular area it would defend. He gives the examples of the Korean War and World War II where the U.S. made a mistake. He says that Kennedy should change his position in this regard and not encourage the Chinese Communist and Soviet aggressors to react. Kennedy says that the treaty with the Republic of China excludes Quemoy and Matsu from the treaty area. He states that the treaty only includes defending of Formosa and the Pescadores. He concludes that the U.S. should meet its commitments and raise war if the Chinese Communists attack the Pescadores and Formosa.