Voting process of United States Presidential elections. Election Day in Riverton, California. A document reads 'Constitution of United States of America'. Animation explains the three branches of Government of United States. The three branches are Executive Branch (President of United States), Legislative Branch (Senate and House of Representatives) and Judicial Branch (Supreme Court). The three branches have some powers and no branch has all the powers. The system of checks and balance among the three branches in United States. A voter casts his vote in Riverton.
Voting process of United States Presidential elections. Aerial view of city of Riverton, California. A cyclist and a car pass on the street. Houses in the street. A woman gets out of a car and enters a school building. The school is one of the polling places. Signs read 'Election Today', and 'Closed Election Day'. Volunteers work at the polling place. Voters list kept on the table. Traces of campaign activities are removed before the election starts. U.S. flag in the classroom. First citizen arrives in a milk-van to vote. He enters the polling booth. He first votes for the President and Vice-President, then for Senator of State and Representative from district. A document reads 'Constitution of United States of America'.
Voting process of United States Presidential elections. Citizens of United States cast their votes for the presidential elections. People stand lined in front of the polling booth. Ballots at the polling place. Election Day in Riverton, California. People stand in a school which is selected as a polling place. A man dusts chalk from the sleeves of his jacket. Abraham Lincoln written on the board. A portrait of Abraham Lincoln. Several cartoons depict the election in 1864. Presidential candidates selected in the nominating conventions of the parties. Huge crowd in the campaign rallies. Banners read 'America needs Roosevelt' and 'Roosevelt and Victory'. The candidates of Republican Party are Thomas Dewey and John Bricker. The candidates of Democratic Party are Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman.
A documentary on The United Nations Conference on International Organization that continued from April 25, 1945 to June 26, 1945 in San Francisco. A plane in flight and ships are seen in San Francisco Bay. Aerial views of Golden Gate Bridge. People on streets on San Francisco, with streetcars, buildings, pedestrians, and mid 1940's cars vseen. Aircraft parked at a USAF Base as delegates from 50 countries arrive. Delegates like Jan Christian Smuts from South Africa, Vyacheslav Molotov from Russia, U.S. secretary of State Edward Stettinius arrive in San Francisco. Delegates register for the conference. United States flag on a building. Interior of the War Memorial Opera House serving as the initial meeting hall. Delegates seated. U.S. President Harry S. Truman addressing the general assembly remotely, as delegates listen through radio speakers in the opera house. Narrator recalls words of Franklin Roosevelt and recorded audio of Roosevelt is heard where he urges continuation of the work first begun by the defunct League of Nations. View of various working committees and smaller groups of the organization meeting during the Spring of 1945. Representatives debate and review concepts initiated at the Dumbarton Oaks conference in Washington DC in 1944. Delegates addressing those assembled and signing documents that create the United Nations.
Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.
Exterior of a United Nations theater in San Francisco, with marquee indicating its use exclusively for pass holders attending the United Nations Conference on International Organization. Inside the Delegates of United Nations conference gather during the 2nd week of the conference to watch footage of the German surrender at Reims, signed by General Alfred Jodl. Projectionist and movie projector in booth of theater are shown. Delegates talking and attend meeting in San Francisco, California as they continue work leading toward defining the UN Charter and founding the United Nations organization. Footage from the San Francisco Conference vote, chaired by Anthony Eden of Great Britain, approving the Charter of the United Nations on June 26, 1945