North American bomber B-25 Mitchell sprays DDT (Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloroethane) in Rockford, Illinois. Military officials fill 500 gallons of DDT in the aircraft. Bomber B-25 Mitchell in flight sprays DDT over the city to eradicate polio.
Prewar and early World War 2 conditions of the British in Great Britain. War ammunition for Britain transported from the United States to Britain as part of lend lease plan. Also war materiel sent the other way around from the United Kingdom to the United States, as the war progressed. A map showing the path between the United States and Great Britain through the Atlantic Ocean. Tanks for Russia from Britain. Aircraft and guns for the United States by Lend Lease. Tons of food and clothing in large containers for troops in Britain. Clusters of houses and buildings. Two men on a bridge. A lane in Britain. People in the lane. Tanks prepare for war. British soldiers in uniform. A woman seated at a vanity putting on lipstick makeup. Men and women in the streets in England. A man turns to notice the legs of a woman as she walks by. View of legs of many women walking by, not wearing stockings due to rationing. Brief shot of driver in a car in the United States as he hands his gas ration ticket to the gas station attendant. Back in England, scene as a man goes to a pub for whiskey. The pub keeper laughs at him as there is none. Men in a field harvesting grains for making industrial alcohol. Soldier painting word "Hitler" onto a bomb shell. Cartons of whiskey being transported to the United States as pay for the material that comes in to Britain. A man opens cartons from the U.S. with 'Made in U.S.A.' painted on it. Images of American made industrial machine goods purchased by the British, including machinery signs for "Cincinnati Bickford", "The Ohio Machine Tool Company", "Niles Tool Works, Hamilton Ohio", "The Cincinnati Planer Co.", "American Hole Wizard", and "Barnes Drill Company, Rockford, Illinois" A woman worker moves a large planer or drill press into position. Crane at a ship dock is seen moving a large wooden crate with "Ford" label on it. A man goes to buy cigarettes. A 'No cigarettes today' board. If there were cigarettes he would have paid the cost of the cigarettes and the tax to the shopkeeper. Close up view of coins on a table and large portion going to British taxes to pay for war. A newspaper headline which says "Britain spends 49,000,000 per day on war." Several industrial plants in Britain, with smoke and pollution rising from chimneys and stacks during high output war effort. Laborers working at a construction site, including brick layers, who pay 29% tax. Rich men who pay 97½ % tax: A man in a nice car parked in front of a church. He leads a bride in a wedding gown and possibly the Bride's father toward the doors of the church. Various views of British workers and workmen walking in and out of factories. British citizens in ration lines. Sheep being herded on pasture land in Australia. Vessels in ocean used by the British for supplies to Russia. Aircraft from the U.S. on board a ship, and British troops arriving on a ship dock.
Film opens showing people in an American city (possibly Chicago) celebrating the Allied victory over Japan on VJ Day, August 15th, 1945. Scene shifts abruptly to Chicago, Illinois, where French General Charles de Gaulle is seen saluting in a reviewing stand at Victory Plaza near Lasalle Street entrance to City Hall. (On August 24th, he had accepted an invitation from Mayor Edward Kelly to stop in Chicago on August 27-28, 1945, during his visit to the U.S. and Canada.) Next, general de Gaulle and Mayor Kelly are seen in an open car in a motorcade amidst crowds of well-wishers. Enthusiastic spectators run along side their car. Glimpse of a dense crowd of people, including a contingent of sailors in dress whites. Final scene shows General de Gaulle speaking with reporters and photographers near a sign reading "W-G-N." (A Chicago radio station).
The first memorial erected to commemorate U.S.prisoners of war executed by the Nazis during the battle of the bulge (mostly elements of the American 285th Field Artillery Observation Battalion (FAOB), executed by the Kampfgruppe Peiper (part of the 1st SS Panzer Division). This was also known as the Massacre at Baugnez, or the Malmedy Massacre. A wooden cross and a sign reading 'USA - Belgium. To the prisoners of war of overseas who liberated the East districts and were the victims of Nazis cruelty." The wooden cross at the monument to commemorate the massacre of 115 American prisoners at Baugnez on December 17th 1944 during the Battle of Bulge, in World War 2.
United States and Chinese airmen at Bergstrom Field, Austin, Texas July 1946.
The Neo-Classical building is the Texas State Capital at Austin, Texas and Austin Texas is noted on the graduate’s diploma “Bergstrom Field, Austin, Texas”. At this time the 349th Troop Carrier Group was based at Bergstrom and assigned to the Third Air Force, Tactical Air Command as noted on the diploma. Also “Air Force Combat Units of World War II” Edited by Maurer Maurer states this unit trained Chinese crews to operate C-46 aircraft.
Film is very interesting in that it visually shows the transition from “Army brown to Air Force Blue” for the C-46s still carry the I TROOP CARRIER COMMAND insigne on the nose, with was disbanded on 4 Nov 1945 but they have the new AAF wide "Buzz Numbers" for all aircraft operating solely within the continental USA, by T.O. 07-1-1 of November 1945 and the graduate’s diploma is notating the new post-war air force type command reorganization of March 1946.
Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.