Events in Italy and the United States during the Great Depression. Italy, 1933: Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini at a ceremony to mark the 10th anniversary of his march on Rome, Italy. Fascists gathered at the ceremony. Mussolini hugs and greets a fascist officer. United States: Men of the Civilian Conservation Corps at their first training camp cut trees. Men eat food in a forest. Men and women participate in a walkathon during the days of the economic depression in 1933. From a August 11, 1958 newsreel giving a retrospective look at events 25 years prior.
Graf Zeppelin airship lands in Rome, Italy. German Graf Zeppelin in flight over Rome. King Victor Emanuel III and Italian Air Minister Italo Balbo talk to officers at Ciampino Airport. Graf Zeppelin lands as King Victor Emanuel III shakes hands with the crew. The King comes out of the airship after inspecting it.
Benito Mussolini along with other officials in Rome, Italy, watches a fleet of Savoia-Marchetti SM.55 returning from its historical flight from Chicago. Pilots get off from the aircraft. Fleet of Savoia-Marchetti SM.55 in flight. Italian pilots march in the streets of Rome and are awarded by Il Duce.
Rise of fascism in Germany and Italy due to economic and social unrest in the wake of World War 1. Animated map of Japan, Germany and its neighboring countries, and Italy. Views of Italian Fascist "Black Shirts" marching bearing flags, and rendering fascist salutes. Fascists participating in the famous "March on Rome" in October, 1922. Spectators line the sidewalks and side of the road. Brief (jerky) views of unrest in Italy following World War I, due to unemployment and hard times. People getting food at an outdoor soup kitchen. Fascists promising better times are seen parading and riding in jammed open cars. Benito Mussolini, who was elected to Parliament in 1921, is seen in a top hat, arms akimbo, standing with other officials. Glimpse of Black Shirts marching. Back to Mussolini, again, who now makes some remarks to those standing with him and expresses himself with exaggerated body language. Another glimpse of Black Shirts marching. Film transitions to Germany, where Adolf Hitler is seen walking through a dense crowd of supporters. Hitler's clothes resemble a military uniform. Next, scenes illustrating the terrible post-World War 1 hyperinflation suffered by Germany during the Weimar Republic. Various banknotes and currency in ridiculous denominations are shown. People trying to buy groceries during this period. German militaristic marchers. Fascists giving arm salutes as they parade in a city street. General Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg (who is also President of Germany) is seen standing in front of Germany's top military leaders. Directly behind him is Marshal August von Mackensen, in a fur busby hat with Totenkopf (death head) insignia. Other Generals wear pickelhaube spiked helmets. Hindenburg's closest associate, General Erich Ludendorff stands just behind and to the left of Hindenburg. Glimpse of German soldiers in more modern uniforms. Next, Hindenburg is seen reviewing troops in the company of their commander. Next, Hitler is seen with a group of German civilian industrialists whose interests he promises to support. Alfred Krupp Jr. sits, with his legs crossed, next to Hitler. Glimpse of Hitler, in uniform, waving from a window. People running as a cadre of mounted police canter in formation down the street.
Captain Raffaele Colacicchi sets a record in Rome, Italy. An airplane parked on an airfield. Captain Colacicchi seated in the cockpit of the airplane. A man stands nearby and talks to him. The airplane in flight. The pilot demonstrates inverted flying, by speeding head down in the air for 42 minutes and 37 seconds. The plane lands. Men gather on the street to congratulate him.
Pope Pius XI performs the Orbis et Urbis Service in Rome, Italy. 150000 people kneel and pray at Basilica of St. John Lateran. Pope Pius XI conducts the religious ceremony. The ceremony being conducted in traditional medieval splendor.