The new Japanese ambassador, Zenbei Horikiri, stands with an Italian officer in Rome, Italy, after presenting his credentials to the Italian King. To his right, behind him, similarly dressed, is Shun'ichi Kase,secretary to Japanese Foreign Minister Yōsuke Matsuoka. (Shun'ichi later served as chargé d’affaires in Italy commencing in 1943.) Japanese and Italian officers are part of the two-nation entourage that emerges from the palace following the event. They proceed down the steps of the Quirinal Palace (Palazzo del Quirinale) and across the Piazza del Quirinale, where camera shows a glimpse of one of the statues at the Obelisk and Fountain of Castor and Pollux (containing sculptures of Castor and Pollux as horse tamers). Next, a motorcade of the officials' cars drives out of the palace complex, past two guard posts.
Fall of Italy during World War II. Past events show a large number of people gathered at the Palazzo Venezia in Rome , Italy. Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini delivers a speech from a balcony. A damaged building in Italy after the defeat. People on the roof of a building as they hoist a flag. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler confers with other leaders. People gathered at Victor Emmanuel Memorial in Rome. Mussolini delivers a speech. A procession arrives and King Emanuel III and Marshal Badoglio take over the reigns of Italy. People gathered at the Palazzo Venezia.
Italy during World War II. A map of Italy shows various places. German infantry and cavalry units march ahead in Italy after the capitulation to Allies of Marshal Badoglio. Soldiers in an armored personnel carrier approach the Italian Alps. Nazi officers, including field marshal Erwin Rommel, are seen outside a building. German soldiers mounted on a tank move into an Italian city as people wave to them. Soldiers fire, explosion occurs and a pillar of smoke rises up. German forces occupy Reggio, Padua and Milan. Germans in an armored personnel carrier approach the Arch of Peace in Milan. Soldiers fight in the streets of Rome. A building with a Nazi sign on its gates. German soldiers celebrate after taking over the city. They smoke. Soldiers with women outside a building and pull a kitten from their uniforms to present to her. Soldiers in a jeep enter Rome with Colosseum in the background.
Allied aircraft parked at North African airbases. The British and American crews study charts and maps of Rome and mark bombing locations. Pilots and navigators board the planes. Bomber aircraft in flight. Railroad yards in Rome bombed with pinpoint precision by Allied bomber planes in broad daylight. Targets included the San Lorenzo freight yard and steel factory, the "Scalo del Littorio" on the north side of Rome, and the Ciampino airport.
Allied campaign in Italy during World War II. Allied troops and equipment advance on a road to Rome. Various street signs on the way read Rome. A map of Italy. Deserted streets of Rome as the Nazis withdraw. Allied troops enter Rome and civilians celebrate their liberation. Newspaper headlines about the liberation of Rome. Pope Pius XII addresses a large gathering from a balcony in the Vatican City. People pray. People gathered around dead soldiers. A soldier removes his gear and helmet as he enters a church. A church bell rings.
Liberation of Rome, Italy from German forces by Allied troops. Opening scenes are of German occupation of Rome earlier in the war during winter campaign, and German forces marching British and American captured allied forces through the streets of Rome. Coliseum seen in background as Allied forces are marched by German armed guards. Buildings along the sides of the street. Rubbled buildings and wrecked equipment in the city. German Field Marshall Albert Kesselring looking through field glasses at battlefield. Smoke arises due to firing and bombardment from the Allied and the German army. Heavy artillery is fired including German 280mm cannon. After Germans retreat, the U.S. forces of the 5th Army enter Rome in triumph. U.S. Army General Mark Clark enters with other officers and soldiers in the city. Civilians cheering and applauding. U.S. troops and tanks passing through the city. Bells of Saint Peters basilica ringing. A large crowd gathers near the basilica. Pope Pius XII addressing the crowd. Prince Umberto II of Italy arrives in front of the crowd. Crowd cheering and applauding. American soldiers queue to enjoy real beer served from wooden barrels, made from supplies shipped from the United States. Smiling soldiers fill metal cups with beer. Wrecked railroad marshalling yards in Civitavecchia Italy are seen, as U.S. Army soldiers inspect an abandoned large German Krupp K5 rail gun (Krupp 28-cm-Kanone 5 (E). The gun shown here is either "Robert" or "Leopold" as termed by the Germans, also known by Allied names "Anzio Annie" or "Anzio Express".