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Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini's rise to power in 1922 and taking Italy to World War II.

Rise of Benito Mussolini after World War I and taking Italy to World War II. Benito Mussolini and the Blackshirts parade in Rome when the Fascist Party comes to power after ousting Italian Prime Minister Luigi Facta in October 1922. Civilians of Benito Mussolini's Fascist Party parade in the 'March on Rome' when Mussolini takes over the government. Cheering civilians surround Mussolini as he exits from a building. The Blackshirts parade. Mussolini speaks from a balcony. A large crowd gives the Fascist salute at one of Mussolini's mass meetings. Members of the Fascist Youth parade on the streets. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler deplanes in Venice and meets Italian Prime Minister Mussolini for the first time. Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Gian Galeazzo Ciano and Mussolini and staff review troops. Mussolini shakes hands with Hitler, surrounded by Italian notables. A Royal Box at a ceremony shows Hitler, Mussolini, King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and the Queen of Italy. An Italian tank review near Rome's Colosseum. Italian crack troops goose-step past the Royal Box for Hitler to review. The Munich Conference shows Hitler, Mussolini, Prime Minister of France Eduard Daladier, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain among others. Mussolini signs the Munich Pact. A crowd massed near the Victor Emmanuel Memorial acclaim Mussolini after his return from Munich.

Date: 1945
Duration: 3 min 32 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Tripartite Pact signed by Germany, Italy and Japan in Berlin, Germany. Ensuing attacks by Germany and Japan in World War II

This film is a scattering montage of World War 2 scenes from 1939 through 1945. Part of an agreement between Nazi Germany and Yugoslavia is shown in English. It is dated June 1, 1939 and ostensibly signed by Adolf Hitler. Next, German Ju 87, Stuka dive bombers are shown peeling off from formation, on April 6, 1941, to attack Yugoslavia. Bombs bursting on the ground. Closeup of a Stuka airplane in a dive, making its characteristic whine, and dropping bombs. Bombs exploding just outside some concrete walls. German infantry running along railroad tracks and entering backyard of house in a village. German soldiers observing from overlooking hill; climbing over rubble; and marching along a road toward a village. Animated map showing German invasion areas early in World War II, extending through most of Europe and into Norway, by 1941. Animated map shows further invasions into France, Belgium, low countries, the Balkans, and Eastern front towards the Soviet Union. Map highlights Tokyo, Rome, and Berlin. Delegations walking in hall of building in Berlin, to sign Tripartite pact, on September 27, 1940. The group is led by by Count Galeazzo Ciano (Italian Foreign Minister, and Mussolini's son-in-law); Joachim von Ribbentrop, Germany's Foreign Minister and Japan’s Ambassador Saburō Kurusu. The diplomats are seen, next, standing near a table as Adolf Hitler enters rendering Nazi salute. He shakes hands with Count Ciano and Ambassador Kurusu. Hitler is seated to watch the proceedings. Von Ribbontrop is seen signing for Germany. Next scenes show German armored units heading East in Operation Barbarossa (June of 1941). A sign identifies the town of Eydtkau (Eydtkuhnen) on the German-Lithuanian border. German armor and artillery moving eastward. German troops destroying international crossing barriers. German troops firing siege guns. Montage with glimpses of German battle scenes showing tanks, guns, rockets in action with attendant explosions, fires, and destruction. Formations of German warplanes in flight, including Junkers Ju-52s that carry troops, including paratroops. View from above of Junkers Ju-87 Stuka dive bombers in formation. View of St. Paul's Cathedral in London, England (which miraculously survived the Blitz). The Tower Bridge in London, seen through a haze. German Junkers 87 Stuka dive bombers peeling off from formation to attack. British anti-aircraft searchlights shining beams skyward. Diving bombers illuminated by the lights. Anti-aircraft guns firing. Nighttime scenes showing gunfire flashes, explosions, tracer bullets and fires in London. British fire brigades fighting fires in London buildings as some collapse from the German bombing during the so-called "Blitz." Scene shifts to Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, as a Japanese bomb explodes on a U.S. Navy warship. The USS Arizona billowing smoke and listing as it succumbs to Japanese bombing. Another view of the Arizona sinking. Smoke rising from Battleship Row, at Pearl Harbor. Glimpse of postwar Nuremberg trial.

Date: 1940, September 27
Duration: 4 min 31 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Allied troops enter the city and people celebrate and pray in Rome, Italy during World War II.

Allied campaign in Italy during World War II. Allied troops and equipment advance on a road to Rome. Various street signs on the way read Rome. A map of Italy. Deserted streets of Rome as the Nazis withdraw. Allied troops enter Rome and civilians celebrate their liberation. Newspaper headlines about the liberation of Rome. Pope Pius XII addresses a large gathering from a balcony in the Vatican City. People pray. People gathered around dead soldiers. A soldier removes his gear and helmet as he enters a church. A church bell rings.

Date: 1944
Duration: 2 min 35 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Civilians cheer as the Allied troops enter Rome Italy after liberating it from the German army.

Liberation of Rome, Italy from German forces by Allied troops. Opening scenes are of German occupation of Rome earlier in the war during winter campaign, and German forces marching British and American captured allied forces through the streets of Rome. Coliseum seen in background as Allied forces are marched by German armed guards. Buildings along the sides of the street. Rubbled buildings and wrecked equipment in the city. German Field Marshall Albert Kesselring looking through field glasses at battlefield. Smoke arises due to firing and bombardment from the Allied and the German army. Heavy artillery is fired including German 280mm cannon. After Germans retreat, the U.S. forces of the 5th Army enter Rome in triumph. U.S. Army General Mark Clark enters with other officers and soldiers in the city. Civilians cheering and applauding. U.S. troops and tanks passing through the city. Bells of Saint Peters basilica ringing. A large crowd gathers near the basilica. Pope Pius XII addressing the crowd. Prince Umberto II of Italy arrives in front of the crowd. Crowd cheering and applauding. American soldiers queue to enjoy real beer served from wooden barrels, made from supplies shipped from the United States. Smiling soldiers fill metal cups with beer. Wrecked railroad marshalling yards in Civitavecchia Italy are seen, as U.S. Army soldiers inspect an abandoned large German Krupp K5 rail gun (Krupp 28-cm-Kanone 5 (E). The gun shown here is either "Robert" or "Leopold" as termed by the Germans, also known by Allied names "Anzio Annie" or "Anzio Express".

Date: 1944, June 15
Duration: 4 min 28 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Allied troops liberate Rome, Italy and receive a warm welcome from Italian civilians during World War II.

A film titled 'Liberation of Rome' shows the arrival of Allied troops in Rome, Italy and the end of Fascist rule during World War II. On June 4, 1944: Allied soldiers on the streets of Rome as people celebrate their liberation. Soldiers loaded on M4 Sherman tanks move past large crowds. The American flag. A Scots pipe band plays as they march through the throng. Allied soldiers move past the Colosseum, Victor Emmanuel Memorial and the Piazza Venezia. People gathered in large numbers on the streets to celebrate the liberation of Rome. A sign reads ' War staff room Combined chiefs of staff '. Past events depict Chiefs of Staff of the U.S. at a meeting as they discuss the plan to liberate Italy from Fascist control. Animated map depicts Allied operations in North Africa and the invasion of Sicily. Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini reviews troops. Nazi aircraft take off from an airfield in Italy. German StuG III Assault Guns and Pz.III & Pz.IV tanks being transported on railroad flatcars.

Date: 1944, June 4
Duration: 2 min 24 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Military vehicles move past the Monument of Victor Emmanuel II after the liberation of Rome, Italy during World War II.

Allied Army enters Rome, Italy during World War II. Italian civilians gathered along a road and some of them walk down a street. American tanks and trucks move on the streets of Rome. Three Allied soldiers in a horse drawn carriage. A military jeep with children around it and the Monument of Victor Emmanuel II in Rome. American soldiers talk to Italian civilians. American tanks and trucks move past an Italian policeman and the Monument of Victor Emmanuel II in the background. American enlisted men talk to Italian civilians. A sign on a truck reads 'Rome Beer Express, to 5th Army, compliments PBS'. Civilians and soldiers on the streets of Rome after the liberation from Nazi rule. An Allied soldier rides a carriage with Italian girls seated in it. Soldiers in a jeep take pictures. A sign on a building reads 'A morte Mussolini'.

Date: 1944
Duration: 2 min 50 sec
Sound: No
Color: Color
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
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