Events in Italy and the United States during the Great Depression. Italy, 1933: Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini at a ceremony to mark the 10th anniversary of his march on Rome, Italy. Fascists gathered at the ceremony. Mussolini hugs and greets a fascist officer. United States: Men of the Civilian Conservation Corps at their first training camp cut trees. Men eat food in a forest. Men and women participate in a walkathon during the days of the economic depression in 1933. From a August 11, 1958 newsreel giving a retrospective look at events 25 years prior.
Before his death, Pope Pius XII is seen with New York's Joseph Francis Cardinal Spellman. A large crowd assembled in Rome. The body of Pope Pius XII lies In State At St. Peter's Basilica. Crowds pass and pay their last respects. Two Vatican Guards stand by the bier. Scene shifts to crowds filling the plaza outside the Sistine Chapel, as the College of Cardinals meets to elect a new Pope. They chose Angelo Cardinal Roncalli who is seen being crowned as Pope John XXIII. Church bells peal. The new pope stands and blesses the huge crowd.
Allied campaign in Italy during World War II. Allied troops and equipment advance on a road to Rome. Various street signs on the way read Rome. A map of Italy. Deserted streets of Rome as the Nazis withdraw. Allied troops enter Rome and civilians celebrate their liberation. Newspaper headlines about the liberation of Rome. Pope Pius XII addresses a large gathering from a balcony in the Vatican City. People pray. People gathered around dead soldiers. A soldier removes his gear and helmet as he enters a church. A church bell rings.
A film titled 'Liberation of Rome' shows the arrival of Allied troops in Rome, Italy and the end of Fascist rule during World War II. On June 4, 1944: Allied soldiers on the streets of Rome as people celebrate their liberation. Soldiers loaded on M4 Sherman tanks move past large crowds. The American flag. A Scots pipe band plays as they march through the throng. Allied soldiers move past the Colosseum, Victor Emmanuel Memorial and the Piazza Venezia. People gathered in large numbers on the streets to celebrate the liberation of Rome. A sign reads ' War staff room Combined chiefs of staff '. Past events depict Chiefs of Staff of the U.S. at a meeting as they discuss the plan to liberate Italy from Fascist control. Animated map depicts Allied operations in North Africa and the invasion of Sicily. Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini reviews troops. Nazi aircraft take off from an airfield in Italy. German StuG III Assault Guns and Pz.III & Pz.IV tanks being transported on railroad flatcars.
Liberation of Rome, Italy from German forces by Allied troops. Opening scenes are of German occupation of Rome earlier in the war during winter campaign, and German forces marching British and American captured allied forces through the streets of Rome. Coliseum seen in background as Allied forces are marched by German armed guards. Buildings along the sides of the street. Rubbled buildings and wrecked equipment in the city. German Field Marshall Albert Kesselring looking through field glasses at battlefield. Smoke arises due to firing and bombardment from the Allied and the German army. Heavy artillery is fired including German 280mm cannon. After Germans retreat, the U.S. forces of the 5th Army enter Rome in triumph. U.S. Army General Mark Clark enters with other officers and soldiers in the city. Civilians cheering and applauding. U.S. troops and tanks passing through the city. Bells of Saint Peters basilica ringing. A large crowd gathers near the basilica. Pope Pius XII addressing the crowd. Prince Umberto II of Italy arrives in front of the crowd. Crowd cheering and applauding. American soldiers queue to enjoy real beer served from wooden barrels, made from supplies shipped from the United States. Smiling soldiers fill metal cups with beer. Wrecked railroad marshalling yards in Civitavecchia Italy are seen, as U.S. Army soldiers inspect an abandoned large German Krupp K5 rail gun (Krupp 28-cm-Kanone 5 (E). The gun shown here is either "Robert" or "Leopold" as termed by the Germans, also known by Allied names "Anzio Annie" or "Anzio Express".
Pope Pius XII addresses a quarter of a million Easter pilgrims from St. James Peter's Square in Rome, Italy. A huge crowd gathers at the square to attend the Pope's address. In New York: People walk through water filled roads. People cover their heads with umbrellas and boxes to avoid getting wet entering Saint Patrick's Cathedral. The Easter parade is washed out. A woman holds an easter bunny.