The Russian Revolution of 1917. Scenes of trench warfare on the Western Front during World War I. German soldiers firing at enemy positions. Ill-equipped Russian troops in the field, and suffering from pestilence and disease. A Russian soldier wearing no shirt and with no equipment is seen scratching at itches on his own body. Starving, sad Russian children are shown back in Russia. Scenes of St Petersburg, Russia in March 1917, during demonstrations for increased bread rations. Responding Russian troops defect and join demands for the transfer of power from the Czar to an elected parliament. A military vehicle loaded with troops is seen rallying and celebrating with Russian people. Minister of Justice in the Provisional Government Alexander Kerensky speaks to a large crowd. Czar Nicholas II, who has abdicated, sitting on a stump, with a few guards behind him. Political prisoners are freed from prisons. Leon Trotsky, speaking from a train platform, upon his return from exile in Canada. Summer, 1917, and Alexander Kerensky becomes Head of the Russian Provisional Government. Kerensky, standing in the balcony of a building, proclaims Russia a republic. A large crowd gathered outside the building. Vladimir Lenin speaking to a large crowd on the Kerensky Republic. View of Farmer workers with shovels in a field. Lenin and Trotsky call for the members of the Farmer Worker Army Union Soviet to work against the Kerensky Republic. View of Lenin speaking against the Republic and for class warfare. Lenin's Bolsheviks riot and seize the railroad stations, telegraph lines, and government offices. A tower column of the Russian monarchy is seen falling to the ground. Events on November 25 after the Russian Revolution: A number of people on a street during elections called for by Kerensky. View of Lenin talking to people in the streets. Lenin's Bolshevik group loses to the SR party. People in the streets near the time of the election. The elected assembly of the Socialist Revolutionary Party is seen meeting under the protection of Trotsky's Red Army which is seen marching near a crowd. Catherine Breshkovsky is seen standing and speaking at the assembly meeting. The elected assembly in session. The assembly refuses to turn power over to the Lenin Soviet. The members of the elected assembly are seen finally giving in to the Bolsheviks and the factions of the SR that have split to support the Bolsheviks. The leaders of the defeated faction of the Socialist Revolutionary Party (SR) are seen leaving the grounds of the assembly. In the next scene, a crowd protests against the dismissal of the elected assembly, to no avail.. Lenin speaking to a large crowd. He speaks about the power won and maintained by violence. Views of the demonstrating crowd.
Czar Nicholas II out powered in Russia and the Bolsheviks gain power after the October Revolution. Romanav dynasty Emperor Nicholas II with his family including son Alexis and his four daughters and his wife at his palace in Moscow. Czar Nicholas II and his courtiers review troops of Russian Cossack soldiers at his palace for the last time. Czar's Russian soldiers march across frozen and snow-covered battlefields. Wounded Russian soldiers return to their villages from World War 1. Soldiers see the starving Russian citizens and begin to mutiny and the front and stop fighting. View of Alexander Kerensky with a crowd after he comes to power in Russia in February 1917 revolution and soon after the Bolsheviks gain rule of Russia in October Revolution. Parade of people and soldiers with pro Bolshevik signs and banners during the revolution. Russian soldiers of the Red Army parade with Commander Leon Trotsky at Red Square in Moscow. A famine strikes Russia and people struggel during the famine. View of snow covered streets and Russian citizens struggling with famine. Young children and orphans are fed at group tables assembled outside on a snowy plaza. Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin seen at his desk in his office in the Kremlin, talking. View of Lenin's wife, Nadezhda Krupskaya, taking notes.
Momentary image of Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin, Russian mystic and advisor to the Russian Imperial family. German troops fighting in no man's land on Western Front in World War 1. Ill prepared and equipped Russian troops clean themselves and clothing of fleas and lice, that cause heavy casualties from typhus. Explosions on front lines. Starving Russian civilians at aid camp. Demonstrations for increased bread rations, in St. Petersburg, Russia, March, 1917, getting out of hand. Tsarist troops sent in to quell the disturbance, instead, join in the revolutionary protests. Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky, member of the Provisional Committee of the State Duma, vice-chairman of the Petrograd Soviet,and first Minister of Justice in the Provisional Government, is seen tipping his hat, and later giving a speech. Czar (Tsar) Nicholas II, seen sitting on a tree stump, with soldiers behind him. Russians crowding a square, breaking down prison bars, and releasing prisoners. Dissidents haranguing Russian crowds. Kerensky speaking to crowd. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin returning by train from exile in Switzerland. Leon Trotsky arriving by train from Canada. Kerensky on a balcony as, head of the provisional government, in Summer, 1917, proclaiming Russia a Republic. Young women marching in parade. Lenin making remarks. Field filled with farm workers (worker army union, AKA Soviet) tilling soil with hand tools. Lenin, bareheaded (holding his cap behind his back) making a speech. An unidentified cathedral seen in background. Bolsheviks stir up unrest. Winged Victory column topples. Bolshevik mobs take over government buildings
Opening slate cites year 1917. First scene shows Russian people removing a banner from a store front, that identifies it as a provider of goods to the Russian Imperial Court. People at entrance of a building crowd around Red Army soldiers handing out paper fliers.Russian Army Cossacks gather with other soldiers in a city park square where some hold red flags. Soldiers and citizens parading in a city square carrying banners and flags. A vast city square filled with people elbow-to-elbow. Some people stand on a monument in the square. Several banners are seen. Bankers and investers at entrance and steps of a stock exchange (possibly the Brongniart's Stock Exchange building, Paris) representing Western financing of the Bolshevik revolution. More scenes of people marching in Russia, including a large contingent of Army soldiers in greatcoats, at the end of the film.
A documentary titled 'Why We Fight, The Battle of Russia' depicts battles fought by Russians, fighting military raids from other nations. Dramatized scenes of invasion of German knights in 1242. Town Pskov destroyed and civilians roped. In the battle of Novgorad, the Russians under emperor Alexender Nevesky defeat the Germans in a fierce battle. The Swedish attack Russia and get defeated by Russian army in battle of Poltava in 1704. French troops retreat in a frozen desert after getting defeated by Russians in 1812. Kaiser Wilhelm inspects troops on Eastern front in 1917. Russian army of cavaliers and infantrymen march for battle. Map shows a part of Russia, Ukraine occupied during the battle.
Russian movie depiction of the storming of the Romanoff's winter palace during the 1917 revolution in Russia.(This is a fictional event that never occurred.) Scene shifts to election campaigning on a street in Moscow, in conjunction with the November 25th elections arranged by political leader Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky. Bolshevik leader Vladimir Ilyich Lenin is seen with several comrades. A truck carrying Bolsheviks with a banner drives on a street, as a pedestrian gives it a dismissive wave. (Bolsheviks lost the election to the Socialist Revolutionary Party, or SR.) Soviet troops loyal to Leon Trotsky march in the street. View of elected members from the Russian assembly in their meeting place. Catherine Breshkovsky, sometimes called Babushka, or the grandmother of the Russian Revolution, is seen standing and addressing the meeting. The faction of the SR not supporting Lenin is seen leaving the building. Thousands of citizens gathered outside the building, protesting the dismissal of their elected representatives. Image of Lenin.