Views of industrial development projects and activities during Soviet Russia's first 5-year plan under Joseph Stalin. Mining activities, with ore being moved on conveyer belts and open rail cars. view upwards toward piping and towers in a petroleum refining plant. Steel plant and open hearth furnace. Turbine deck in a hydroelectric power plant. Electric transmission lines. Farmer irrigating crops with machinery. Workers shoveling grain out of open bed trucks. Apartment houses under construction. A machinist turning metal on a lathe. Factory workers in a room with pictures of Lenin and Stalin on the wall. Freight trains underway (ostensibly to Siberia). Officials visiting a machine shop, during the 2nd Five Year Plan, in 1935. They present worker's medals to Stakhanovites (superior workers). Views of Stakhanovites conversing and comparing medals at a presentation occasion. View of criminal (political) proceedings conducted in the Great Purge (Yezhovshchina) during 1937-38. Photograph of N.I. Yezhov (called Stalin's executioner, by the narrator). Picture of Stalin walking with Felix Dzerzhinsky, Lev Kamenev, and Gregory Zinoviev, Ca. 1925. The latter two images are circled as narrator says they were quickly disposed of after Stalin seized power. View of trials in which persons are accused of plotting with Leon Trotsky, in 1936, at the Hotel Bristol, in Copenhagen (according to narrator, who notes that the hotel was no longer in operation in 1936). More trial scenes. Image of N.I. Yezhov is shown, again, as narrator states that he was purged in 1938, along with other officials.
Brief view of Josef Stalin and Mikhail Kalinin with Molotov and other revolutionaries observing Russian military parade, about 1925. Tanks roll on to the streets and heavy guns are also displayed at the parade. A completely separate scene, from 1946, shows Soviet Premier, Joseph Stalin and dignitaries strolling into the lobby of the Bolshoi theater, where Winston Churchill, Averell Harriman and Joseph Stalin pose for photographs.
Soviet government sends high official Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin to visit Cossack regions in the Steppes of Russia. He receives warm reception from the local peoples who surround him near a cultivated field extending to the horizon. They present a gift, that he hands to an accompanying aide. He is next seen, being formally greeted by a cossack officer in uniform, with whom he exchanges salutes. Kalinin then speaks with several older Cossacks in uniform, including short swords (Russian Shasquas). A group of men stands behind them.
Russian soldiers march. Joseph Stalin waves. A huge crowd gathered during the march. Palatial buildings in rear. A person views a piece of art and decorated cross and vessels displayed in Russian Orthodox Church. A woman holds a child in a public nursery, where other children are in cribs. Women working in various factories and performing heavy labor at construction sites. Women cleaning streets.
Slate indicates that 200 million gallons of gasoline are used annually in the United States for power (in 1925). View of a busy city street, possibly New York City, circa 1925 with motor vehicle traffic, pedestrians and many tall buildings. Many early automobiles seen. A worker tests flash point of kerosene. Lighted candle in stuck block of paraffin (wax) showing wax or parrafin as a byproduct of petroleum. Slate indicates that petroleum provides motor fuel, common light, a lubricant for machinery and other important by-products.
Lieutenant Al Williams flying a Curtiss R3C1 racer aircraft for the 1925 Pulitzer Race at Mitchel Field in New York, United States. View of the navy R3C1. Lieutenant Al Williams and a civilian look at a map laid out on a wingtip of the aircraft. Lieutenant Cy Bettis and Lieutenant Williams standing behind the navy R3C1 aircraft. Lieutenant Williams removes his uniform coat and cap, then Lieutenant Bettis helps him put on a parachute and he climbs into the cockpit of the aircraft. Lieutenant Williams seated in the cockpit of the navy R3C1. He smiles at a camera and puts on goggles. A civilian comes up to side of the cockpit and the two men confer over a small notebook. The navy R3C1 with its engine running on a grass field. Several Curtiss mechanics push the tail of the aircraft around. An army officer, a civilian and an army enlisted man are standing nearby and are watching. The navy R3C1 taxis in front of a small hangar. The army R3C1 takes off. Two aircraft flying over Mitchel Field during the course of the 1925 Pulitzer Race. The navy R3C1 lands. Lt. Williams wearing a flight jacket and a navy service cap.