Nazi crimes against the nations of the world during World War II. View of the Peace Treaty between Germany and Yugoslavia which was signed on 1st June, 1939. The treaty breached on 6th April 1941, Germany launched a massive attack on Yugoslavia. German troops attack and advance. A map shows that most of the Europe was in the hands of Germany by 1941. View of September 27, 1940 signing ceremonies in Berlin of the Tripartite (Axis) Pact between Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and Imperial Japan. Hitler and axis leaders shake hands and pose at pact signing table. Joachim von Ribbentrop signing the Axis Pact. Scene of German tank treads close-up rolling over battlefield and wider view of German armor and troops in June 1941 invading Russia, in violation of their non-agression pact. Nazi forces enter Russian territory. Wehrmacht forces setup and fire artillery at Russia. German rocket launchers fire rockets at Russian targets. Ground and aerial views of formations of German Luftwaffe aircraft on bombing runs. Between August-September 1941, Luftwaffe conducts blitzkrieg raids (blitz) on Great Britain. View of British landmarks like St Paul's Cathedral dome and Tower Bridge. Aerial views as Luftwaffe fighter aircraft roll and dive toward targets. British spotlights and search lights on the ground sweeping and catching German aircraft in their light beams. British anti aircraft batteries open fire on German planes over England. Alternating views of German plane point of view bombing England with bright flashes of light and explosions on the ground, and British anti-aircraft fire filling the air. Ground views in England of buildings on fire from blitz bombing, and fire fighters moving to deploy fire hoses and extinguish fires. Flaming buildings collapse from bombs and fire. Whole blocks of buildings on fire. Scene change to December 7, 1941 bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese. U.S. Navy ships bombed and on fire in Pearl Harbor.
Series 'Why We Fight' episode "Prelude to War" depicts the battles during World War II. United States soldiers parade on street lead by a band. Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor.December 7, 1941. The London Blitz with buildings destroyed and burning. The Eiffel Tower in Paris with Nazi flag flying atop it. German troops marching into Paris, through the Arch of Triumph. Japanese warplanes bombing shanghai, China, in 1937. Chinese residents running for shelter. Glimpse of German "Schwerer Gustav" 80 cmrailway gun firing during German offensive against Soviet Union in 1941. German forces entering Czechoslovakia in 1938. German mounted troops entering France in 1940. Heavy guns firing. German ships en route to Norway 1940. German Ju-52 aircraft flying low over trees. Montage showing rapid succession of war scenes, including heavy guns firing, smoke rising, explosions, an aircraft shot down and crashing straight down, German armor on the move, German Ju-52 aircraft dropping paratroopers into Holland and one flying over Athens, Greece, with Mount Lykabettus in the background. More of the same with Narrator mentioning Belgium, Albania, Yugoslavia, and Russia (where citizens are seen digging anti-tank trenches and fortifications). Cavalry charging across a field. A German tank rolling forward. A German Dornier Do-17 bomber taking off, and bombs falling.
Film opens with goosestepping German and Japanese soldiers. Emperor Hirohito, on a white horse. American battleships burning in the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. U.S. General Douglas MacArthur decorating a soldierin Manila, Philippines. Air raid sirens sounding in Manila and residents hurrying to take cover.Heavy black smoke rising from a bombed site and emergency vehicles and responders rushing to several bombed and burning locations. A burning rickshaw amidst other bombing rubble and bodies of victims. General MacArthur greeted by Australian officials at his headquarters in Brisbane, Australia. Sign reads: Headquarters UNITED STATES ARMY FORCES in Australia. American flag flying on tall flagpole. View from ship underway in supply convoy. A battleship seen on horizon and a destroyer passing the camera ship. U.S. President, Franklin D. Roosevelt signing the "Lend Lease Act" of 1941. A U.S. industrial plant with four tall stacks emitting smoke. A steam locomotive belching steam. A locomotive pulling an open car and some tank cars. New 1941 Plymouth automobiles coming off a production line. A new M3 Medium Tank in a U.S. factory. View of Liberty Ships, including the "Zebulon Pike" and the "Henry Knox" under construction at the California Shipbuilding Corporation yard, Terminal Island, California. U.S. Navy Destroyers constructed at Federal Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company, Kearny, New Jersey. One is being launched, next to DD-446 (the USS Radford). A formation of U.S. Navy aircraft including Curtiss SBC Helldiver scout bombers and Douglas TBD Devastator torpedo bombers. A tight formation of U.S. Army Douglas B-18 Bolo medium bombers in flight. A formation of U.S. Army Curtiss P-36 Hawk aircraft in flight. Closeup of a U.S. Army Lockheed P-38 Lightning aircraft in flight. Several huge gun barrels for guns under construction at a U.S. war plant. Large artillery shells lined up in a manufacturing plant. U.S. Army M3 Medium tanks under construction at a factory. Steam and smoke rising from a U.S. industrial plant. Aerial view of open pit iron mine. Sparks shooting up inside a steel plant. A virtual "forest" of oil derricks in the Western U.S. Coal being transported by railway. View from stern of a warship in a convoy. An Atlanta-class light cruiser leading three destroyers at sea. Transport ships in convoys to places like Australia, Britain, and the Middle East. Troops on a pier near a large transport ship. A stack of wartime supplies on a pier next to a ship destined for Russia. Glimpse of wake from a U.S. warship having triple guns astern. Silhouette of a U.S. Navy Enterprise-class Aircraft carrier, with an aircraft taking off from her deck. The aircraft carrier, USS Saratoga. U.S. Army soldiers marching on parade, followed by numerous jeeps with machine guns mounted in their rears. Young men being drafted into the U.S. military. A draft lottery being conducted. New recruits doing calisthenics. Trucks pulling artillery pieces. B-18 Bolo bombers flying over U.S. tanks. Closeup of M3 tank. Cavalry fording a stream. Soldiers on motorcycles. Troops crossing a pontoon bridge. A loaded troop ship. A troop transport at Newfoundland. Sentry in Trinidad. Troops encamped in Bermuda.Troopship docked in Greenland. Troops disembarking in Iceland. Formations of Curtis P-36 Hawk aircraft. Douglas DC-2 aircraft factory. P-36s with engines running. M3 tank suspended on factory crane. Officials of Pan American nations siding with Allies. Allied troops including Dutch, Belgian, Yugoslav, Greek, Czech, Filipino, Polish, Norwegian, Free French, Australian, New Zealander, South African and Canadian. British warships. British Hawker Tempest aircraft. British comandoes.Russian troops on parade. Chinese troops on the Great Wall
Soviet military prepardness documentary film from June 1941, in World War II. Newspaper article, dateline: 12 June 1941, names military leaders recognized by the Soviet Central Committee. Next, Soviet Marshals, Kliment Voroshilov, and Semyon Timoshenko, stand in a grain field. Timoshenko greets new recruits to the Red Army, who come forward. Glimpse of some Russian T-26, model 1933 tanks charging down a hillside. Marshal Timoshenko seated at a Russian M1910 Maxim machine gun, conversing with three soldiers. The legs of another Marshal are seen in background. A Russian BT-7 tank passing the camera at high speed. Marshal Timoshenko walking ahead of staff officers as they visit troops in the field. He is seen in a trench with soldiers, where he personally moves some camouflage branches in position. Timoshenko and Marshal Semyon Budyonny (aka Budyenny) coversing with a tank commander and other officers in the field.
German attempts to conquer Russia fails. Animated maps show German advance in Russia. German Army invades Russia. Maps analyze Russian war strategy. A newspaper headline in the Chicago Daily News reads 'Nazis claim knock-out victory'. Adolf Hitler makes a victory speech. Fire and explosions. German tanks carry soldiers on streets. Intense Street fight in Sevastopol. Cities destroyed in Russia. Russian civilians gather on the streets.
Film opens showing Adolf Hitler, in World War 2, with Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch, Army Commander-in-Chief, and other top military members, planning for Operation Barbarossa (Attack to the East toward the Soviet Union). As he walks away from the table, he speaks briefly to Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, head of the Kriegsmarine (German Navy). Next Hitler and Marshall Hermann Goering are seen strolling and conversing at the Eastern Front headquarters, "the wolf's lair," (Wolfschanze) near Rastenburg, East Prussia (now Poland). Scene shifts to the Soviet Union, where Joseph Stalin is seen speaking at a podium. A large outdoor audience, including some soldiers, is gathered to listen. Images showing the Soviet people responding to defend against the German Nazi invasion. Closeup of Soviet soldiers with shouldered weapons. The nearest is holding a PPSh-41 submachine gun. Closeups of Soviet women and men in military uniforms. Soviet citizens heading to enlist in the military. Soldiers marching loosely n a city street. Patriotic singing is heard in background. A formation of Soviet women marching. Some carry furled banners. Soviet women carrying simple farm implements, marching in a rural part of Russia and joining others who are working to prepare anti-tank ditches and barriers in the countryside. Views of hundreds of people working on this project. Weapons being provided to rural Soviet guerrillas who will operate behind enemy lines. Anti-aircraft guns being set up overlooking a harbor. Closeup of Soviet soldiers manipulating controls on a camouflaged anti-aircraft gun and others maneuvering a four-barreled anti-aircraft machine gun. Local farm family members on makeshift towers keeping watch over huge fields of wheat. Soviet farmers harvesting the wheat with scythes. An armed farmer shielding his eyes as he searches the skies for German airplanes. Closeup of a man cutting wheat with a scythe as women gather the sheaves behind him. Motorized harvesters at work in a field of wheat. Closeup of a woman operating one. Tractors used in harvesting. Women and children gleaning what remains behind in the harvested fields. Farmers driving their cattle East (away from advancing Germans). Evacuating Soviet people employ a scorched earth policy, burning their homes, barns, and anything that might be of value to advancing German forces. Views of burning houses. Soviet industrial enterprises working around the clock producing war materiel. Seen are petroleum facilities; a large plant expelling coke; coal pouring into a barge; men at work at a steel furnace; ribbons of hot steel moving out of rollers; a huge manufacturing plant in operation. Next, a Soviet Kliment Voroshilov (KV) tank is seen moving across a field. Russian Ploikarpov 1-16 fighter planes in flight. A large formation of German Dornier DO 17 bombers in flight high overhead. Soviet forces retreating. Views of fallen German soldiers, fires burning, and remnants of a downed German bomber. German prisoners of war marching under guard and others surrendering with hands in the air. Closeups of some German prisoners. A Russian Petlyakov Pe-2 aircraft parked in snow with engines running. Fallen German soldiers lying in the snow along a roadway, in Winter of 1941-42. A Russian Kliment Voroshilov (KV) tank maneuvering in the snow. Russian Bt-7 Light Cavalry Tanks proceeding toward the front in Springtime, 1942.