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Allies demand the unconditional surrender of Japan in World War II. Entry of Soviets and use of atomic bomb ends the war.

Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.

Date: 1945, August 9
Duration: 4 min 57 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
United Nations Conference on International Organization held in San Francisco, California.

A documentary on The United Nations Conference on International Organization that continued from April 25, 1945 to June 26, 1945 in San Francisco. A plane in flight and ships are seen in San Francisco Bay. Aerial views of Golden Gate Bridge. People on streets on San Francisco, with streetcars, buildings, pedestrians, and mid 1940's cars vseen. Aircraft parked at a USAF Base as delegates from 50 countries arrive. Delegates like Jan Christian Smuts from South Africa, Vyacheslav Molotov from Russia, U.S. secretary of State Edward Stettinius arrive in San Francisco. Delegates register for the conference. United States flag on a building. Interior of the War Memorial Opera House serving as the initial meeting hall. Delegates seated. U.S. President Harry S. Truman addressing the general assembly remotely, as delegates listen through radio speakers in the opera house. Narrator recalls words of Franklin Roosevelt and recorded audio of Roosevelt is heard where he urges continuation of the work first begun by the defunct League of Nations. View of various working committees and smaller groups of the organization meeting during the Spring of 1945. Representatives debate and review concepts initiated at the Dumbarton Oaks conference in Washington DC in 1944. Delegates addressing those assembled and signing documents that create the United Nations.

Date: 1945
Duration: 7 min 10 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Harry Truman sworn in after death of Roosevelt and surrender of Germany to Allied Nations in World War II during 1945.

A review of significant events that occurred in the year 1945. Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn in as President of United States at the White House in January, 1945. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin pose at the Yalta Conference. Death of Roosevelt. Burial procession ceremony of Roosevelt. Men and women weeping. Wreath on his grave. Harry S. Truman swore in as U.S. President. Surrender of the Germans signed by General Jodl and General W.B. Smith in Reims, France. Representatives of Russia, Britain, France and United States at the surrender. General Dwight Eisenhower smiles.

Date: 1945
Duration: 2 min 16 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
German surrender, UN founding, and Chiefs of Counsel meet before conducting Nuremberg and other trials after World War 2.

A film on preparations that are made for prosecution of axis war criminals following World War 2. Ratification of the surrender documents (from surrender two days earlier at Reims) held at Soviet headquarters in Karlshorst, Berlin, on May 9, 1945. German officers Colonel-General Hans-Jürgen Stumpff as the representative of the Luftwaffe, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel as Chief of Staff of OKW, and Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine enter room and are seated. View of Keitel signing the surrender document. Scene change to Hall of the United Nations Conference, held in San Francisco from April 25 to June 26, 1945, with delegates from 50 Allied nations creating the United Nations. This was officially the United Nations Conference on International Organization (UNCIO). Leaders of various United Nations countries address delegates present in the War Memorial Opera House of San Francisco, including Edward Stettinius Jr of the United States. Next: A meeting of the military tribunal Chiefs of Counsel of many nations, including France, Russia, Great Britain and the United States, held in Europe. They sign an agreement.

Date: 1945
Duration: 1 min 43 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Malta Conference scenes and then views of Yalta Conference with Big 3 Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin in Crimea Russia.

Malta Conference meeting of American and British Allied leaders on island of Malta in the Mediterranean Sea, beginning January 30, 1945. C-54 aircraft lands on airfield in Malta, with U.S. staff officers aboard. Leaders exit plane starting with U.S. Navy Admiral Ernest J King, greeted by U.S. Ambassador to Soviet Union Averell Harriman. U.S. Army General George Marshall exits with Lieutenant General Brehon Somervell, and they are greeted by British Army Field Marshal Wilson and Mr. Harriman. Exterior of Montgomery House on Malta as dignitaries enter the conference. General Marshall and then Admiral King enter Montgomery House. Dignitaries seated at long table meet during conference at Montgomery House. Camera shows various attendees including British Field Marshal Alexander and Field Marshal Sir Alan Brooke. Also Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham, Marshal Charles Portal and Marshal H. Wilson. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill on British ship salutes arrival of President Roosevelt on U.S. Navy ship arriving for Crimea Yalta Conference. Yalta mountains and Black Sea views. Workmen unload communication equipment from ship and deliver it by truck convoy. Exterior of the Livadia Palace site of the Yalta Conference. Signal Corps wire the building and Army Navy message center and telephone exchange is shown. Stettinius, Anthony Eden, and other leaders arrive by aircraft and are greeted by Chairman of Council of People's Commissars Vyacheslav Molotov. British Prime Minister Churchill and American President Roosevelt arrive and meet Molotov and other Russian dignitaries. Russian honor guard stands in formation. Big Three of President Roosevelt, Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin and British Prime Minister Churchill at the palace. Dignitaries seated around conference table to discuss plans for occupation of Germany. They sign a statement. Big 3 dignitaries seated on a bench outside the palace pose for photos with officials.

Date: 1945
Duration: 5 min 50 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Post-World War II scenes in Communist occupied areas of Europe and Asia

Animated map shows thrust of German forces during invasion of Soviet Russia in World War 2. Stalingrad is highlighted as a turning point. Another animated map shows Soviet territorial gains at the end of the war, as narrator discusses the disposition of those places and their respective populations, as in Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. He also discusses Soviet zones of occupation. Animated map shows "Iron Curtain." Soviet troops on parade. Soviet ZSU-57-2 self-propelled anti-aircraft guns (SPAAG) on display during a parade in 1945. A stadium filled with people in Soviet-occupied East Germany, in 1949. Friedrich Wilhelm Reinhold Pieck, the first President of the German Democratic Republic, is seen in the stands. Young East German women parade in traditional costumes, clapping their hands, in the stadium. Waterfront scenes show Soviet trade activities with post-war occupied entities. Scenes of conflict as Chinese communist forces expel Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist Chinese forces from the mainland to Formosa, in 1949. A litter-borne casualty and a refugee mother and small girl are seen.

Date: 1949
Duration: 1 min 55 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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