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Russia Soviet Union 1918 stock footage and images

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Exchange of cultures and collaboration in science and arts between the Soviet Union and the United States

The Moscow summit between the U.S. and USSR in Moscow, Russia. Wyeth family artwork being packed in boxes for a visit to the Soviet Union. Various paintings being packed up. In exchange, some Russian paintings and artwork seen that will be displayed in America. General Secretary of the Communist Party of Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev visits the United States during Glasnost efforts. People on the streets in what appears to be New York or possibly Washington DC are surprised when he exits his motorcade to shake hands directly with American citizens gathered on the sidewalks.The U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz and his wife visiting Soviet Georgia and being greeted by Soviet citizens. Gorbachev and U.S. President Ronald Reagan side by side at a summit in Washington DC. They stand together on the White House lawn as a band plays. Animation depicts the sharing of cultures between the two nations and the exchange of magazines. View of American rock star Billy Joel and his band performing at a concert in the Soviet Union on New Year's eve. A Moiseyev Dance Company folk troupe from Russia performing a dance in the United States. Cultural exchange between the two countries includes views of a piano performance by Vladimir Horowitz in Moscow and a ballet performance in the United States by the Bolshoi Ballet. Several Russian school children pose for pictures on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC. Soviet teenage children enjoy a elevated ropes course in an outdoor program. People sit in an amphitheater with officials at a Chautaqua Talk in 1987. A group of Soviet citizens view a touring "Information USA" exhibit in the Soviet Union that presents American culture. They view the program on an array of television monitors. A young Russian boy speaks in Russian about his interest in learning about American culture. People watch a science exhibition. Astronauts of the USA and Soviet Union in a spacecraft. The astronauts open a connecting hatch and shake hands. Narrator describes collaboration of the two nations to monitor and study the depleting ozone layer of the earth and how to protect it. A man is shown sunbathing. Officials of the America and the Soviet Union sign an agreement relating to sharing information about safety of nuclear power plants. Soviet representatives and George Shultz, the U.S. secretary of State, inaugurate a new communication system that communicates nuclear dangers between the two countries. A woman in the communication room. Food grain pouring from a harvester, part of what is supplied to the Soviets. Soviet Union tanks and soldiers in Afghanistan. Soviet soldiers walking on a street in Afghanistan in front of a shop. Arrested American journalist Nicholas Daniloff disembarks an aircraft after his release. View of the exterior of the American Embassy in Russia. U.S. marine Sgt. Clayton J. Lonetree being escorted under guard after having been accused of collaborating in a Soviet spy mission at the U.S. embassy in Moscow. Scene inside a Voice of America radio broadcast studio. Sign indicates it is broadcasting in Russian. Close up of meter moving on a radio instrument during the broadcast. Dancers from the Dance Theatre of Harlem performing before their visit to the Soviet Union. A group of Soviet citizens including men, women and children walking outdoors. Mikhail Gorbachev with U.S. President Ronald Reagan at a ceremony on the White House grounds on December 8, 1987.

Date: 1987
Duration: 5 min 13 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Color
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Soviet Russia mobilizes to defend against German offensive (Operation Barbarossa) in World War II.

Film opens showing Adolf Hitler, in World War 2, with Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch, Army Commander-in-Chief, and other top military members, planning for Operation Barbarossa (Attack to the East toward the Soviet Union). As he walks away from the table, he speaks briefly to Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, head of the Kriegsmarine (German Navy). Next Hitler and Marshall Hermann Goering are seen strolling and conversing at the Eastern Front headquarters, "the wolf's lair," (Wolfschanze) near Rastenburg, East Prussia (now Poland). Scene shifts to the Soviet Union, where Joseph Stalin is seen speaking at a podium. A large outdoor audience, including some soldiers, is gathered to listen. Images showing the Soviet people responding to defend against the German Nazi invasion. Closeup of Soviet soldiers with shouldered weapons. The nearest is holding a PPSh-41 submachine gun. Closeups of Soviet women and men in military uniforms. Soviet citizens heading to enlist in the military. Soldiers marching loosely n a city street. Patriotic singing is heard in background. A formation of Soviet women marching. Some carry furled banners. Soviet women carrying simple farm implements, marching in a rural part of Russia and joining others who are working to prepare anti-tank ditches and barriers in the countryside. Views of hundreds of people working on this project. Weapons being provided to rural Soviet guerrillas who will operate behind enemy lines. Anti-aircraft guns being set up overlooking a harbor. Closeup of Soviet soldiers manipulating controls on a camouflaged anti-aircraft gun and others maneuvering a four-barreled anti-aircraft machine gun. Local farm family members on makeshift towers keeping watch over huge fields of wheat. Soviet farmers harvesting the wheat with scythes. An armed farmer shielding his eyes as he searches the skies for German airplanes. Closeup of a man cutting wheat with a scythe as women gather the sheaves behind him. Motorized harvesters at work in a field of wheat. Closeup of a woman operating one. Tractors used in harvesting. Women and children gleaning what remains behind in the harvested fields. Farmers driving their cattle East (away from advancing Germans). Evacuating Soviet people employ a scorched earth policy, burning their homes, barns, and anything that might be of value to advancing German forces. Views of burning houses. Soviet industrial enterprises working around the clock producing war materiel. Seen are petroleum facilities; a large plant expelling coke; coal pouring into a barge; men at work at a steel furnace; ribbons of hot steel moving out of rollers; a huge manufacturing plant in operation. Next, a Soviet Kliment Voroshilov (KV) tank is seen moving across a field. Russian Ploikarpov 1-16 fighter planes in flight. A large formation of German Dornier DO 17 bombers in flight high overhead. Soviet forces retreating. Views of fallen German soldiers, fires burning, and remnants of a downed German bomber. German prisoners of war marching under guard and others surrendering with hands in the air. Closeups of some German prisoners. A Russian Petlyakov Pe-2 aircraft parked in snow with engines running. Fallen German soldiers lying in the snow along a roadway, in Winter of 1941-42. A Russian Kliment Voroshilov (KV) tank maneuvering in the snow. Russian Bt-7 Light Cavalry Tanks proceeding toward the front in Springtime, 1942.

Date: 1941
Duration: 3 min 44 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Officials speak on the issues of human rights and religious freedom as interest groups protest in the Soviet Union and the U.S.

The US-USSR Moscow Summit on Human rights in Moscow, Soviet Union. U.S. president Ronald Reagan speaks on issues relating to Human rights. Other officials seated in front. He speaks about the right to immigrate and travel. View of the Kremlin in Moscow. U.S. Secretory of State George Pratt Shultz speaks about strategic arms reductions in light of the weapons race. The White house press secretary Marlin Fitzwater at a press conference. The board reads 'Department of State'. Exteriors of the building. View of protesters permitted to demonstrate in the Soviet Union indicating some improvement in conditions. In Washington DC, citizens march on streets demonstrating for the freedom of Soviet Jews. The soviet scholar Peter Reddaway speaks about the reforms and highlights reforms and changing Soviet policy on open-ended internment of mental health patients. People pray inside a church in the Soviet Union. George Weigel, the president of the James Madison Foundation, speaks of importance of religious freedom in the Soviet union on a news panel. Weigel states that religious freedom is a key test of Glasnost and Perestroika. Exterior view of the Ukrainian Catholic National Shrine of the Holy Family under construction in Washington DC, built by Ukrainian American Catholics. People in the Soviet Union protest, marching on a street and holding signs and pickets. A large military parade in the Soviet Union in Red Square.

Date: 1988
Duration: 4 min 19 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Color
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Soviet space dogs and mice on sub-orbital flight are recovered on the ground following a space test in Russia.

A space test with animals in Russia, Soviet Union. circa 1961, during "space race" between United States and Soviet Union. A rocket with dogs and mice on board is launched in Russia. A fire trail is seen. Camera view of dogs in capsule during space flight. The dogs appear to be "Strelka" and "Belka" who were the first dogs in space on August 19, 1960 aboard Sputnik 5. View as men recover the capsule after it parachute lands on the ground. View of one of the dogs greeting a man. Narrator indicates that this Soviet flight did not achieve orbit (which would contradict it being the Sputnik 5 flight of August 1960 with Strelka and Belka, however, it may be a compilation of various scenes provided by the Soviet Union, not all images from the same flight). From a newsreel released April 1961.

Date: 1961, April
Duration: 54 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Expansion of Soviet and Communist Chinese territories from World War II through 1949

German invasion of Russia during World War II. A map showing German invasion path in Russia until defeat at siege of Stalingrad. A map showing Soviet postwar expansion into Eastern Poland, East Prussia, portions of Finland and other areas. Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia are incorporated as Republics into the Soviet Union. Russian zones of occupation in Germany, Austria and North Korea. Map depicts an "Iron Curtain" encompassing the Soviet postwar territories. Soviet troops and tanks occupying countries. Soviet ZSU-57-2 self-propelled anti-aircraft guns traveling along a city street. Crowds cheering in a stadium in Soviet East Germany. President Wilhelm Pieck of the German Democratic Republic is among people seen applauding in the stands. . Soviet cargo ships in a harbor operating under trade agreements. Chinese Communist forces moving with guns and artillery and tanks to expel Chiang Kai-Shek and Chinese Nationalists from mainland China, in 1949. Chinese refugees including a casualty and a child holding a bag.

Date: 1949
Duration: 1 min 55 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Signing of the German-Soviet Border and Commercial Agreement, by German Friedrich Werner von Schulenberg and Soviet Vyacheslav Molotov.

German diplomat Friedrich Werner von Schulenberg, of Nazi Germany, and Vyacheslav Molotov, of the Soviet Union meet together in Moscow, Russia, to sign the German-Soviet Border and Commercial Agreement. View of the two men and other representatives from each country at the signing ceremony. Narrator indicates that the agreement document covers expanded trade and commerce between the countries, establishes the northern border, and covers repatriation of Germans from republics including Lithuania and Estonia. View of the German and Soviet leaders each signing the document. Wax seals are added and a close-up of the signature page of the agreement is shown. (The Agreement also included the third set of secret protocols of the Hitler-Stalin Act or German-Soviet Treaty of Nonaggression. It followed the German-Soviet Frontier Treaty, which was the second secret protocol. Despite the pact, Germany attacked the Soviet Union 6 months later.)

Date: 1941, January 10
Duration: 52 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: Spanish
 
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