Civilians crossing steel Bridge across the Rhine (Rhein) River,at Saarbrucken, under observation by armed French troops in 1920. The bridge is partially obstructed by barbed wire obstacles deliberately placed. The roadbed is paved with stone blocks and has a rail line in it's center. The civilians appear to be heading to work. As they leave the bridge, heavy industrial facilities, including smoke stacks can be seen in the distance. At another bridge, British troops delay crossing citizens, as they search them. (Saarland was occupied jointly by the British and French, under League of Nations mandate following World War 1.) View of waterway from bridge, showing several commercial side-wheeler steam vessels. French troops man a machine gun emplacement.
Election riots in Saarbrucken,Germany. Scenes of Industrial area with ropeway conveyor,trams and chimneys. Minister-president Johannes Hoffmann, a pro-French leader addresses a group regarding the Franco German treaty which would give equal economic rights to both nations. Civilians protest in opposition of the treaty.
Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.
A film depicts scenes of the rise of the NSDAP (Nazi Party) in Germany from 1921 to 1933. Early parades of Nazi Party and crowd in Germany. Adolf Hitler arrives at Nazi Party meetings. Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels speaks. Party members gives a salute. Demonstration and riot in Munich in Marienplatz area, between Communist KPD members and NSDAP browshirts, and police, known as the Beer Hall Putsch or Munich Putsch in November 1923. Newspaper headlines of Erich Ludendorff and Adolf Hitler jailed. A man writes on a Nazi Party card. Joseph Goebbels at his office. Baldur von Schirach exits a building. Italian members of the Fascist Party arrive by car on visit in Germany.
Adolf Hitler and Hermann Goering, carrying a Field Marshal's baton, lead a procession of Nazi officers and officials along a street in Saarbrücken, Germany, three years after the Saar territory rejoined Germany, in 1935. (This visit was included in Hitler's return from travel to the Sudetenland.) Next Hitler is seen standing in an open car as it passes a construction project, where some workers stand on scaffolding. On the street below, are Nazi officers and officials, and behind them, citizens fill the sidewalks. Joseph Goebbels is seen riding in the back seat of the car. Among business establishments along the street, they pass the Saarland Hotel, bedecked with swastikas. Some of the hotel staff wave from a balcony.
View of Johannes Winkler's personal laboratory workshop in 1928. His first apparatus for testing liquid rocket fuels. The first device to be considered a flying testbed for Winkler's liquid rocket. The rocket with test facility. More laboratory apparatus. Test apparatus erected outdoors. Snow on the ground, and houses visible in background. Test equipment with spring force measurement capability. Winkler at his outdoor setup.