On the island of Sardinia, men walking and driving sheep across the mountains of swiftly melting snow which is turning into raging floods. View of crane in water. Houses and lakes in the island shown. Mudslides destroying houses.
United States Army Air Forces Major General Claire Lee Chennault Commander of the 14th Air Force in China during World War II. Airmen of the 14th Air Force lined up on a field with aircraft in the background. Chennault inspects the 14th Air Force. A Captain with a medal pinned onto him. Chinese pilots shake hands with Major General Chennault. In Washington DC Major General Chennault receives the Mitchell Trophy for the services rendered by the 14th Air Force. U.S. Army Air Force B-17 Flying Fortress aircraft in flight and drop bombs over Sicily and Sardinia in Italy. Explosions occur.
German troops in European Theater. A map shows Corsica, Sardinia and Italy. A boy reads a newspaper. Heavy artillery camouflaged in wooded area. Smoke rises due to explosions. A soldier observes through binoculars. A view of houses on the hilly terrain. Troops walk along the wooded area with their bags. Soldiers fire. Soldiers lay on ground. Soldiers confer and walk in a group. Soldiers fire artillery.
"To keep the peace" about need for peace, during Cold War. Expansive farm field of wheat waving in breeze under a sunny to partly cloudy sky in the United States. Wide shot of ocean waters and sun breaking through low clouds near dawn or dusk. President John F Kennedy delivering a speech on peace and nuclear testing, on July 2, 1963, in Naples Italy at NATO headquarters. Kennedy says, "The purpose of our military strength is peace. The purpose of our partnership is peace. So our negotiations for an end to nuclear tests and our opposition to nuclear dispersal are fully consistent with our attention to defense--these are all complementary parts of a single strategy for peace." Shortly after President Kennedy's death, President Lyndon B Johnson addresses a joint session of Congress on November 27, 1963. Shows segment of speech where President Johnson says, "We have proved that we are a good and reliable friend to those who seek peace and freedom. We have shown that we can also be a formidable foe to those who reject the path of peace and those who seek to impose upon us or our allies the yoke of tyranny."
The Papal conclave of 1963. Aerial view of the Vatican City. Preparation for the conclave underway. A trailer towed by a truck enters a square. Furniture is unloaded from the trailer. A man carries a mattress. The conclave takes place in the Sistine Chapel. Frescoes by Michaelangelo in the Chapel. Men prepare for the meet The Chapel is carpeted. The traditional stove in which the ballots would be burned. The College of Cardinals meets to elect the 262nd Pontiff, the successor to Pope John XXIII.
The cardinals enter the Sistine Chapel. An African Cardinal. Cardinal Francis Spellman from New York. Cardinal Richard Cushing from Boston. Photographers click pictures.
Aircraft carrier USS Franklin D. Roosevelt in the Atlantic Ocean during Operation Long Step. Heavy cruiser USS Des Moines CA-134 sends a blinker-light signal to USS FDR. Aircraft being spotted aft. USS Des Moines underway through rough seas southwest of Sardinia. Essex-class aircraft carrier USS Leyte's helicopter returns to the ship. USS Des Moines underway. Airplanes on flight deck of FDR in the foreground. A quartermaster sends USS Leyte a flashing-light signal. The quartermaster sends a message to heavy cruiser USS Columbus. USS Columbus answering USS FDR's message. Flight deck crew takes a break during Operation Long Step. Gearing-class destroyer USS Myles C. Fox, DD-829, airplane guard for USS Roosevelt, takes heavy seas over her bow during rough weather south of Malta. Two guardians stand by on station. USS Myles C. Fox in the background. Silhouette: USS FDR's helicopter U.S. Navy HUP being tied down to the flight deck. Sea and spray falling over the flight deck of USS FDR as it is underway south of the island of Malta. Views of aircraft on the flight deck.