Exhibition organized by the Council of Industrial Design held in Sheffield England. Large sign across the building, "Sheffield On Its Mettle Exhibition, November 15 - November 27". The exhibition hall is the 'Cutlers Hall' (still in the city centre of Sheffield). Men carry oversized samples of cutlery in exhibition hall (huge knife, fork, and scissors). People viewing the exhibition. Pen-knives and Multiple-bladed knife. A giant pen-knife with all of its tools opened on display. Man operating giant scissors beside a woman viewing the exhibition.
Interior of the River Don Works steelplant and forge shop at Sheffield (later Sheffield Forgemasters). Exteriors of steel mill shows stacks emitting smoke. In the mill, molten steel poured. Men at furnace. Steel block is heated and shaped. Men fuel the giant furnaces, standing at some distance due to the heat.
World War 2 activities of the British in Great Britain. Industrial cities in Britain. An advertisement shows old country towns in Southern England. Other advertisements show Dunkeld Cathedral and a country vacation in Southern California. The countryside with fields in view. Steel mills of Sheffield. A village with a flowing stream. Old castles in England. A shipyard with ships anchored. Old cathedrals. Industrial cities of Birmingham and Manchester and Leeds. A small munitions factory in which men work making war ammunition and ordnance.
Legislators entering a hall in Czechoslovakia, in 1948. Inside,an image of the Small Coat of Arms of the Republic of Czechoslovakia (1920) dominates the scene. New scene shows Gustav Husak, acting Prime Minister, delivering an address urging support for the Communist Party. The next sequence shows violent Communist-led demonstrations, as armed trade unionists riot in the Prague streets, attacking the offices of the political opposition. Police attempt to restore order. On February 25, 1948, the communists achieve a Czechoslovak coup d'état. On February 27th, Czech President, Edvard Benes, receives a delegation including communist Premier Klement Gottwald and the 12 new members of the cabinet, at the Presidential Palace. He is seen signing documents accepting the communist cabinet. Change of scene shows Czech Foreign Minister, Jan Masaryk, giving a speech rejecting the change. (He remained in office, but died under suspicious circumstances on On March 10, 1948.) View of Masaryk in his casket. Mourners at his funeral.The Czech Parliament Building with flag at half staff. President Benes seen strolling, using a cane, accompanied by his wife, Hana Benes, in the garden of their summer home, Benesova vila, in Sezimovo Usti. Narrator notes that he refused to sign a new constitution drawn up by the communists. He died of natural causes at his villa on September 3, 1948. Scenes of his funeral and of him in his casket. Views of Benes' state funeral, with mourners lining the streets. View of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Narrator describes circumstances using Churchill's term "Iron Curtain." A communist parade in an Eastern European city. A person who was roughed up on the street. View of East German uprising in 1953, being suppressed with Soviet tanks. Uprising in Poland in 1955 being put down by local police and Russian soldiers. Polish musicians playing and examples of Polish political cartoons permitted under relaxed communist rule.
U.S. propaganda piece about threats by communists against various European countries. The Czechoslovak coup and demonstrations. Czech citizens moving on a street in Czechoslovakia during a strike forcing conservative elements to resign from the cabinet. Scenes of police brutality and beatings against strikers. Communists take over the police. Czech President Edvard Benes with conservative politicians in a government building. Huge crowd on a street. Police clashing with crowd. Czech Prime Minister Klement Gottwald with officials. President Edvard Benes, facing possible civil war or invasion by the Soviet Union, accepts a Communist cabinet. He is seen signing documents to that effect on February 25, 1948. Other officials beside President Benes during the signing. View of the first President of Czechoslovakia Tomas Masaryk's son, Jan Masaryk, who remained the Foreign Minister, and did not agree to the new government. Two days later Jan Masaryk is discovered dead. The body of Jan Masaryk in a coffin. Edvard Benes, who resigned in June 1948 after refusing to sign the communist constitution, is seen walking slowly outside the Parliament using a cane. A guard saluting Benes. View of the body of Edvard Benes, who died in September 1948, laying in a coffin. Mourning citizens offering flowers and cry. Officials bearing the coffin. Shift several years later to street strikes in East Germany in 1953. People during a strike and riot in Poland in 1956. Russian tanks moving on a street and Soviet soldiers are seen. Elevated view of panic and Polish citizens fleeing soldiers. October 1956: Student demonstrators on street in Budapest Hungary during the Hungarian Uprising of 1956. Soviet Russian red star is toppled by crowds from a building roof in a sign of defiance. Russian troops respond with tanks on the streets in Hungary. Crowd fights back. Russians retreat. Crowd overwhelms local police. Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary, ascends steps. Hungarian crowd on streets burn communist books and papers. Russian tanks invade Hungary to crush revolt. Tanks fire guns on Hungarian street. Imre Nagy's execution announced June 17, 1958.
The House of Commons in London England. Damaged and roofless areas of the building, with standing water on floors. The ruined buildings after the German bombardment during World War II. The debris on the ground. A man standing nearby. View of Big Ben clock tower. Officials gather outside the House of Commons, including Prime Minister Winston Churchill. They step up onto a stage with construction scaffolding nearby. Official on podium with Churchill standing behind.