United States sailors being demobilized in California, United States after World War II. Sailors gathered outside a building at Camp Shoemaker. Cars drive past them in the foreground. A sign reads 'Separation Center incoming draft'. Another sign reads 'incoming dischargees report here'. A bus arrives and sailors get off the bus. A sign reads ' Receipt section'. The sailors lined up at the counter.
A documentary on The United Nations Conference on International Organization that continued from April 25, 1945 to June 26, 1945 in San Francisco. A plane in flight and ships are seen in San Francisco Bay. Aerial views of Golden Gate Bridge. People on streets on San Francisco, with streetcars, buildings, pedestrians, and mid 1940's cars vseen. Aircraft parked at a USAF Base as delegates from 50 countries arrive. Delegates like Jan Christian Smuts from South Africa, Vyacheslav Molotov from Russia, U.S. secretary of State Edward Stettinius arrive in San Francisco. Delegates register for the conference. United States flag on a building. Interior of the War Memorial Opera House serving as the initial meeting hall. Delegates seated. U.S. President Harry S. Truman addressing the general assembly remotely, as delegates listen through radio speakers in the opera house. Narrator recalls words of Franklin Roosevelt and recorded audio of Roosevelt is heard where he urges continuation of the work first begun by the defunct League of Nations. View of various working committees and smaller groups of the organization meeting during the Spring of 1945. Representatives debate and review concepts initiated at the Dumbarton Oaks conference in Washington DC in 1944. Delegates addressing those assembled and signing documents that create the United Nations.
Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.
The Kentucky Derby and the Grand National Steeplechase in the United States. The spectators seated in a stand to watch the Kentucky Derby horse race. A weapon trainer James E. Fitzsimmons . The horses run. An America Jockey William Lee Shoemaker on Gallant Man during the race. Iron Liege competing against Gallant Man. Iron Liege wins the race. Iron Liege with jockey as they receive the prize. The horses jump the famous fence in the England Grand National Steeplechase. The horses fall while jumping. Sundew wins the race in Liverpool, England.
Demonstration of the American Air Force against naval vessels of battleship class operate from temporary bases. American airmen prepare 1100 pound bombs. Men assemble tail section of a missile. Airmen check two 1100 pound bombs attached beneath an unidentified plane. Airmen attach a 2000 pound bomb to underside of an aircraft. General Mitchell and an airman crouched beneath the plane look at the 2000 pound bomb. Navy cutter type vessel, the San Mihiel, anchored in sea. Observers on the San Mihiel include General Pershing, Davis, Admiral Shoemaker Assistant Secretary of War and General Patrick Chief of Air Service. Four of them stand on the deck of the cutter vessel. Battleship USS New Jersey anchored. Bombs strike near ship. Bomber flying 175 miles from Langley Field score five direct hits with six 100 pound bombs from an altitude of 11,000 feet. Views of bomb strike on USS New Jersey. A smoke curtain is dropped by a bomber from an altitude of 1000 feet. An aircraft in flight in line with the New Jersey lays a smoke screen across the water. Smoke curtain obscures sight of the battleship. Bomb strikes near and upon the battleship USS Virginia. Direct hits scored by 1100 pound bombs on the deck of USS Virginia.
Atomic bomb production and its use in the United States. Doctor Ernest O. Lawrence experiments with the cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. View of the exterior and interior of the cyclotron. An animated diagram shows the results of the splitting of the uranium atom. Diagram shows a nucleus, electrons and protons. Atomic structures of Helium, Lithium and Uranium. A diagram of the creation of barium and krypton, and the release of atomic energy. Aerial and ground views of Y-12 atomic energy testing, uranium enrichment, and manufacturing plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Workers walking on the grounds of the the plant. The Trinity Shot first atomic explosion is shown near Los Alamos, New Mexico on July 16, 1945. Flash of explosion and a cloud of smoke rises as seen from U.S. Army cameras 6 miles away. Two other views of the explosion are seen from other camera positions while narrator explains the effects. U.S. President Harry S. Truman speaks of the need to keep the secrets of the atomic bomb among the U.S., the U.K, and Canada, alone, until they find successful techniques to control the bomb and protect the world from total destruction. He indicates that he will work the the U.S. Congress in the effort and make the power a force for world peace. Truman asks that God guide the U.S. in how to use the technology in His ways and for His purposes.