Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.
U.S. paratroopers of the 82nd Airborne Division are seen silhoutted against sky as they board C-47 transport aircraft in Operation Market Garden mission to Grave and Nijmegen, Holland, in September, 1944, during World War 2. C-47 starts engines. C-47s take off towing gliders. Change of subject to Allied operations crossing the Rhine River into Germany in 1945. U.S. Army troops in a long boat powered by an outboard motor. U.S. troops board U.S. Navy amphibious assault boats on shore of the Rhine (Rhein) River. View from above of assault boats undergoing fire from German defenders during the crossing. U.S. troops moving quickly out of the assault boats on German soil. Scene shifts to airborne operations. View in cockpit of U.S. transport aircraft carrying U.S. paratroopers of the 17th Airborne Division, on joint British-American Operation Varsity, to drop paratroopers on the German side of the Rhine River. A C-46 transport aircraft, in flight, bearing Tail Code "H.". View from cargo compartment as 17th Airborne Division paratroopers exit very efficiently, by jumping from both doors of the C-46. Sky filled with parachutes. Scene shifts to ground operations. U.S. Army troops stand shoulder to shoulder on a section of pontoon bridge, as it is pushed across a river by Army engineers in two small power boats. U.S. tanks and vehicles crossing pontoon bridges. Supreme Allied Commander, Five-star General Dwight D. Eisenhower, stands with Lieutenant General William Hood Simpson, commander of the U.S. Ninth Army, as they observe Allied operations. American soldiers taking German prisoners of war. German POWs being escorted under guard and large numbers of them in an open field under U.S. guard.
Views of the U.S. Army Air Forces fair hosted at Wright Field, near Dayton, Ohio, in October, 1945.The highlights of the event were exhibits of captured German and Japanese aircraft, rockets, and equipment. A German V-2 Rocket Motor on display. Soldiers observe the rocket. A German Junkers Ju 388 Störtebeker multi-role aircraft on display. A German Messerschmitt ME-262 Schwalbe fighter on display. A German pilot's victories recorded on the side of a plane. Two soldiers take a look at a Japanese Kamikaze bomb. One of them gets into the bomb seat. American officers and soldiers view the exhibits. 'Alles Kaputt' written on the side of a German Junkers Ju-290 bomber (one of the candidate aircraft, with further development, in Germany's Amerika Bomber project for a long-range bomber capable of striking the United States). Soldiers walk under the plane. 'Transient Aircraft' written on the control tower building in the background.
U.S. flag being lowered as bugler sounds and narrator alludes to the death of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, near the end of World War II. American troops and tanks rolling through German cities idenfified by narrator as Madeburg, Nuremberg and Leipsig, at end of the war. U.S. troops cleaning out last vestiges of resistance in street fighting. Numerous German citizens lining sidewalks in city and waving white flags. On April 25, 1945, U.S. Army Second Lieutenant William Robertson with soldiers Frank Huff, James McDonnell and Paul Staub, meet Soviet Lieutenant Alexander Silvashko and several Soviet soldiers on the remnants of the Elbe bridge of Torgau. A U.S. Army Brigadier General mingling with Soviet officers. On April 26,1945, Major General Emil F. Reinhardt Commander of the U.S. 69th Infantry Division, walks with Soviet Major General Ruskovof the Soviet 58th Guards Rifle Division near Torgau. They are accompanied by other U.S. and Soviet officers. U.S. and Soviet officers exchange mutual salutes. U.S. and Soviet soldiers mingle, as a Soviet soldier plays accordian and some drink toasts, smoke cigarettes, and pose together. View of the Nazi party rally grounds in Nuremberg where a U.S. soldier is seen near the huge Swastika atop the Zeppelin Grandstand. Flashback views of Nazi rally there. Heinrich Himmler, Adolf Hitler and Viktor Lutze at the rally. Three American soldiers walking along the same walkway in the rally grounds. The Swastika atop the grandstand being blown up by American troops.
American Troops occupying Germany in 1945, near the end of World War II in Europe. Ruins of German cities. White flags displayed from windows. German civilians distraught over destruction of their homes and towns. Towns ablaze in the night with ambulances passing through. Scenes of utter destruction in Basel, and Wurtzburg. Destruction of Essen, Germany, including the Krupp munitions works. German ME-109 plane by the roadside.A truck passes by. Abandoned Marder II Panzerjaeger in the woods. Bombed columns of German soldiers, with equipment and dead German soldiers along roadways. Massive groups of German soldiers surrendering under guard of Allied forces.
Germany about a month before the end of World War 2 in Europe. A crash landed United States Army Air Force Republic P-47D Thunderbolt aircraft, nicknamed "Mom's Irish Mick." It was assigned to the 404th Fighter Squadron, 371st fighter Group, and crash landed on Advanced Landing Ground Y-74 Frankfurt/Eschborn that had been seized by advancing U.S. forces, in 1945. The aircraft carries tail number 44-33253 and was piloted by Charles T. Martin III. Officers retrieve ammunition from the wing gun. Crane brought in to lift the fighter plane also known as the Jug. Crane pulls the P-47 off field. The hulk of a Gotha 242 transport glider stands next to the American flag at half mast with air field tents in the background. A formation of P-47s flies over the flag. Four P-47s buzz and pull up with the flag in foreground. P-47s flying in 'V' formation with American flag in foreground and officers on the ground. Four P-47s circle for landing. A North American T-6 Texan training plane, a.k.a. Harvard, with occupants in both cockpits, taking off and pulling up.