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South China Sea 1944 stock footage and images

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Montage of scenes related to the China-India-Burma theater during World War II

Two U.S. Pennsylvania class battleships underway at sea, with other warships in background, during World War 2. One fires to starboard with her 14-inch guns from the forward triple turrets. U.S. Army Air Forces B-24 Liberator bombers flying in formation over mountains. Glimpse of General Douglas MacArthur with General Joseph (Vinegar Joe) Stilwell in gunner's station of a bomber. Montage of brief glimpses showing U.S. forces engaging Japanese forces in: amphibious assaults; firing weapons in New Guinea and other Pacific islands. U.S. warship firing naval guns. U.S. ship firing at attacking Japanese aircraft, with sky full of black flak clouds. Admiral William (Bull) Halsey. Mitsubishi A6M Zero kamikaze aircraft blown up close to flight deck of U.S. aircraft carrier. It misses the ship and crashes in flames, exploding in the water, astern. U.S. General Joseph Stilwell, Madame Chiang Kai-Shek, British Allied commander Lord Louis Mountbatten, and Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, photographed together in India. Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek seated for a picture with U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Camera moves back revealing British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Madame Chiang Kai-Shek, also seated. Behind them stand key allied military leaders, including (from the right) Field Marshal Archibald Percival Wavell, Commander-in-chief in India; Admiral Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander of South-East Asia forces; George Giffard — commander of Eleventh Army Group; U.S. General Daniel Isom Sultan, deputy to General Stilwell; General Joseph Stilwell, Commander China-Burma-India (CBI) Command; and General Albert Coady Wedemeyer, Chiang Kai-Shek's Chief of Staff. General Joseph Stillwell is seen stepping from a military cargo plane, and being greeted by another officer. Stilwell is wearing a campaign hat. He has the CBI patch on his jacket shouder. A B-24 Liberator bomber takes off from a Chinese base at Liuchow, or possibly, Luiliang, China. (ostensibly carrying Chinese soldiers to India for training). U.S. marked P-40 aircraft are parked beside the runway. They display the shark teeth nose art of the Flying Tiger All volunteer Group of Claire Chennault. But this is 1944 and the aircraft are from the U.S. 23rd Fighter Group. Chinese soldiers are seen being armed and trained in India, with modern small arms. They are also seen fording a river with military supplies and moving in jeeps through jungle-like settings. Various views of Ledo Road construction in Burma. bulldozers, trucks, caterpillar tractors, explosives and men are shown in construction work. A jeep rides along a muddy section of the new road while U.S. and Chinese soldiers patrol on either side to protect it. Allied soldiers firing a small field piece. A C-47 aircraft airdrops supplies to the road builders. General Stilwell, standing with a Chinese officer, looks skyward at the aircraft. A C-46 Commando plane taking off from a field in India carrying supplies. Men loading a jeep aboard a C-46, plus ammunition and other supplies. Rare sight of supplies being loaded into nose cargo compartment of the one-of-a-kind XC-108A transport plane (modified B-17 bomber, tail number 41-2593). A formation of USAAF C-45 transport aircraft flying "over the Hump." Chinese P-36 Hawk aircraft in formation demonstrate firepower. Newly trained Chinese pilots marching and walking on flightline where solid-nose B-25s and P-40s are parked. Chinese and American pilots wave to each other from their P-40 aircraft. A B-25 takes off flanked by two P-40s. Bombs being dropped by Chinese B-25s. Japanese ship being strafed by Chinese fighter plane. Chinese laborers at work building an airfield without machinery. A large group pull a paving roller by hand. Chinese troops in combat with Japanese forces. One firing a Czech ZB vz. 26 light machine gun. Madame Chiang Kai-Shek addressing the U.S. Congress, 18 February, 1943.

Date: 1944
Duration: 5 min 46 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
China builds Burma Road to carry war materiel and supplies and creates flood of Yellow River to thwart Westward expansion of Japanese occupied territory

Japanese officials meeting in strategy session. Japanese infantry on mission to cut Chinese supply lines during 2nd Sino-Japanese war. Black smoke rises as they move along a river bank. Chinese prisoner-workers are forced to rebuild railroads destroyed by the Chinese people during their great Westward trek. Japanese soldier closely guards workers. A Japanese army armored train underway on the rebuilt railroad, as Japanese soldiers cheer. Animated map shows China's supply lines by sea, to Tsingtao, Hangchow, and Amoy, cut off by Japanese naval blockade. Japanese Navy launch with officers and crew moving near commercial ships as they take over Chinese river ports. War materiel and other supplies destined for China, including trucks, sit idle, unable to be transported to their destinations. Large oil tanks and drums of gasoline are shown, as well as gun barrels and a flightline filled with parked Curtiss P-36 Hawk aircraft. The Imperial Japanese Navy destroyer Asakaze (DD-3) and another, next to it, in a Chinese river port. A Japanese freighter with anchored weighed, secured by long lines to a wharf. Small boats flying Japanese Naval ensigns are next to it. View of map showing china, Burma, Indo-China, and Chungking, with Japanese blockading fleet stationed in the South China Sea. It traces path of narrow gauge rail line from Indo-china to Kumming,China, where it connected to an overland road to Chungking. Next it traced the old Camel Caravan route, across China, from Russia. Narrator notes these were to small to be useful and too close to Japanese-occupied territory. Next, the map traces a railroad that from the port of Rangoon to Lashio, Burma. It is separated from the road to Chungking, by mountains and gorges. Views of the actual mountainous terrain. Animal pack trains moving through the area. Construction engineers in a large drafting room designing a road to transit the area. View of modern road-building caterpillar tractor equipment of the type needed to accomplish this. View of Chinese laborers using manpower instead. They push large rollers and employ pickaxes and other hand-held tools to carve away and dig road beds. Masses of Chinese laborers at work, carving a road along the edge of a mountain. Two-men teams using manual tampers to pound down the roadbed. Children are employed along with adults. A woman with a baby on her back, pounding large rocks into gravel, surrounded by other children doing the same. View from above of the "Burma Road," the product of their labors, winding its way through the mountains and gorges. Many scenes of trucks moving along portions of the Burma Road. P-40 airplanes flying past white cumulus clouds, overhead. Animated map shows continued expansion of Japanese occupied areas to encompass two thirds of the rail lines in China with goal of controlling the remainder, starting at Chengchow, in Summer, 1938. View of Chengchow region, on banks of the Yellow River. Map illustrates flow pattern of the Yellow River. View from past of the Yellow River's Spring floods toward the Sea, with Chinese people throwing rocks onto dikes that keep the river flowing in a more Northerly direction than its former course. Illustration shows how with Japanese encrouching on Chengchow, the Chinese decided to destroy those dikes and allow the river to flood over its former more Southerly course. Japanese soldiers being inundated by the flooding river. Japanese infantry and tanks regrouping on their occupied side of the new (old) path of the Yellow River. Local Chinese residents of Chengchow, wade with belongings as they leave their flooded homes.

Date: 1938
Duration: 6 min 2 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
United States Navy 3rd fleet carriers shell Japanese oil reserves in the South China sea.

U.S. Navy carrier planes hit oil fields in the China Sea. A storm in the China Sea. U.S. Navy 3rd fleet carriers on a ship. A diagram shows an arrow on the South China Sea. The fleet moves forward towards Japanese bases. U.S. airplanes bomb Japanese targets. Carrier planes return back to the ship. A plane crash lands on the ship. The pilot of ship is hurt and stuck in the cockpit. The crew runs toward the plane and gets him down. A diagram shows an arrow from the South China sea to Indo China, Saigon. A tanker is torpedoed by U.S. planes. Bombing on Saigon. An oil reserve on fire.

Date: 1945
Duration: 3 min 18 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Allied planning for the final invasion of Japan in World War II

Scene opens with a map illustrating one possible Allied path for invasion of Japan. It proceeds from India and Burma to China and thence to Japan. A U.S. B-24 bomber is seen landing at a Far East Air field. Next, the Supreme Allied Commander of South-East Command (SEAC) Admiral Lord Mountbatten, is seen posing with Chinese General Li Zongren (AKA Li Tsung-jen) and other high ranking Chinese officers, and then walking with them. Next are views of U.S. General Joseph Stillwell working with staff as they consult maps. Then, Chinese laborers are seen engaged in construction of a bridge over a riverbed, that is to be part of the "Ledo Road,"traversing Burma and providing a highway from India to Chunking, China. Trucks moving over the already completed segments of the road, carry men and war materiel. One truck passes a local native drawing water from a well using a long counterbalanced pole. At the frontier of the roadbuilding, Chinese soldiers chop their way through dense jungles and battle Japanese forces firing at them. A fallen soldier. Allied soldiers shouting as run into a village engaging Japanese forces. Structures in the village burning and spreading in the area. Scene shifts abruptly to an animated map illustrating what are believed to be the Japanese plan for its last desparate defense. It shows them falling back to highly defensible boundaries encompassing sources of supplies needed to sustain their defense. Aerial views of Manchurian landscape. Japanese officials are seen at their administrative offices in Manchuria. Large numbers of Manchurian workers are seen headed to work near a factory. Others are engaged in open pit mining, where explosives are used to expose and ready ores for extraction. Views inside a Manchurian steel plant supporting the Japanese war effort. Japanese military forces are shown moving by horseback in the area, ostensibly to push further into China and add more protection against potential Allied offensives. Likewise, Japanese warships are shown at sea maneuvering to defensive locations. This is all summed up in a map showing the expected disposition and status of military defensives for Japan's final defense (Fortress Japan). Street traffic on a city street in Japan. A large group of Japanese women in traditional dress, carry banners and quietly bow. View of the Japanese Diet Building (Parliament) and political and Military leaders inside, including Prime Minister Tojo, Hideki.

Date: 1944
Duration: 4 min 38 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Australian survivors of Japanese prison ship Rakuyo Maru,aboard U.S. submarine in South China Sea during World War II.

Rescue of Australian prisoners who survived sinking of Rakuyo Maru, a Japanese prison ship, in South China Sea during World War II. American crewmen load supplies aboard a submarine from a boat alongside. A U.S. DD (destroyer) stands by in the background. The interiors of submarine showing survivors in bunks.

Date: 1944, September 15
Duration: 2 min 46 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
A boat rows from U.S. destroyer and delivers supplies to U.S. submarine in South China Sea during World War II.

Australian prisoners aboard U.S. submarine who survived sinking of Rakuyo Maru, a Japanese prison ship, in South China Sea during World War II. The crewmen aboard a U.S. submarine underway. A U.S. DD (destroyer) underway. A small boat rows from DD to submarine and unloads supplies.

Date: 1944, September 15
Duration: 1 min 24 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
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