Japanese officials meeting in strategy session. Japanese infantry on mission to cut Chinese supply lines during 2nd Sino-Japanese war. Black smoke rises as they move along a river bank. Chinese prisoner-workers are forced to rebuild railroads destroyed by the Chinese people during their great Westward trek. Japanese soldier closely guards workers. A Japanese army armored train underway on the rebuilt railroad, as Japanese soldiers cheer. Animated map shows China's supply lines by sea, to Tsingtao, Hangchow, and Amoy, cut off by Japanese naval blockade. Japanese Navy launch with officers and crew moving near commercial ships as they take over Chinese river ports. War materiel and other supplies destined for China, including trucks, sit idle, unable to be transported to their destinations. Large oil tanks and drums of gasoline are shown, as well as gun barrels and a flightline filled with parked Curtiss P-36 Hawk aircraft. The Imperial Japanese Navy destroyer Asakaze (DD-3) and another, next to it, in a Chinese river port. A Japanese freighter with anchored weighed, secured by long lines to a wharf. Small boats flying Japanese Naval ensigns are next to it. View of map showing china, Burma, Indo-China, and Chungking, with Japanese blockading fleet stationed in the South China Sea. It traces path of narrow gauge rail line from Indo-china to Kumming,China, where it connected to an overland road to Chungking. Next it traced the old Camel Caravan route, across China, from Russia. Narrator notes these were to small to be useful and too close to Japanese-occupied territory. Next, the map traces a railroad that from the port of Rangoon to Lashio, Burma. It is separated from the road to Chungking, by mountains and gorges. Views of the actual mountainous terrain. Animal pack trains moving through the area. Construction engineers in a large drafting room designing a road to transit the area. View of modern road-building caterpillar tractor equipment of the type needed to accomplish this. View of Chinese laborers using manpower instead. They push large rollers and employ pickaxes and other hand-held tools to carve away and dig road beds. Masses of Chinese laborers at work, carving a road along the edge of a mountain. Two-men teams using manual tampers to pound down the roadbed. Children are employed along with adults. A woman with a baby on her back, pounding large rocks into gravel, surrounded by other children doing the same. View from above of the "Burma Road," the product of their labors, winding its way through the mountains and gorges. Many scenes of trucks moving along portions of the Burma Road. P-40 airplanes flying past white cumulus clouds, overhead. Animated map shows continued expansion of Japanese occupied areas to encompass two thirds of the rail lines in China with goal of controlling the remainder, starting at Chengchow, in Summer, 1938. View of Chengchow region, on banks of the Yellow River. Map illustrates flow pattern of the Yellow River. View from past of the Yellow River's Spring floods toward the Sea, with Chinese people throwing rocks onto dikes that keep the river flowing in a more Northerly direction than its former course. Illustration shows how with Japanese encrouching on Chengchow, the Chinese decided to destroy those dikes and allow the river to flood over its former more Southerly course. Japanese soldiers being inundated by the flooding river. Japanese infantry and tanks regrouping on their occupied side of the new (old) path of the Yellow River. Local Chinese residents of Chengchow, wade with belongings as they leave their flooded homes.
U.S. Navy carrier planes hit oil fields in the China Sea. A storm in the China Sea. U.S. Navy 3rd fleet carriers on a ship. A diagram shows an arrow on the South China Sea. The fleet moves forward towards Japanese bases. U.S. airplanes bomb Japanese targets. Carrier planes return back to the ship. A plane crash lands on the ship. The pilot of ship is hurt and stuck in the cockpit. The crew runs toward the plane and gets him down. A diagram shows an arrow from the South China sea to Indo China, Saigon. A tanker is torpedoed by U.S. planes. Bombing on Saigon. An oil reserve on fire.
The plight of South East Asian refugees, with focus on role of international organizations in Europe.
Host Alexander speaks about increasing number of refugees since 1975. Victor Palmieri, U.S. Coordinator for Refugee Affairs, is interviewed. He speaks about international aid to keep refugees alive. Camp area of refugees. Refugees are sent to other camps of other countries. Refugees in camp. Alexander speaks about that lucky refugees who are resettled into US, China, Canada, Australia and France and others remain in Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore.
Evacuation of Americans and South Vietnamese refugees from Saigon during Operation Frequent Wind. Large group of evacuees on deck of aircraft carrier USS Midway. Former Vice President of South Vietnam, Nguyen Cao Ky, is seen leaving a helicopter and being escorted across the deck. Midway's deck crew prepares for emergency landing of a Cessna L-19/O-1 airplane, carrying a family of 7 persons. Lacking a radio headset, the pilot dropped a note that requested permission to land. The deck had been cleared of several helicopters (pushed overboard) to make room for the Cessna to land. A fire truck and firefighters stand ready. The Cessna aircraft is seen circling the Midway and setting up a landing pattern, above the ship. It lands smoothly on the carrier deck. The pilot, South Vietnamese Air Force Major Ly Bung, and his wife, are seen walking across the deck. Major Ly Bung holds his arm up acknowledging the other evacuees on board. (Note: This Cessna O-1 airplane was eventually brought to the U.S. and can be seen in the National Museum of Naval Aviation, at the U.S. Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida.)
American and South Vietnamese being evacuated from Saigon, by helicopter. Crew members on the deck of the USS Midway. A UH-1D/H Huey helicopter on the deck. Helicopters in flight in the background. A CH-53 helicopter lands and American and South Vietnamese evacuees exit onto the flight deck. They walk along a roped off area and proceed below deck where they are administratively processed.
Scenes on flight deck of the USS Midway (CVA-41) during evacuation of Americans and South Vietnamese from Saigon. A South Vietnamese VNAF Ch-47 Chinook helicopter is seen being moved by a tug. Republic of Vietnam flag and letters: GNP painted on its fuselage. VNAF UH-1D/H Huey helicopters are being moved as close together as possible to make room on the deck.. Aerial view of the helicopters parked on the deck.