Division of Vietnam into North and South Vietnam as Indochina war ends up in Vietnam. Aerial view of cratered battle ground, with smoke rising, at Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam, in March, 1954. A French A-26 Invader aircraft flying above some clouds and pilot in cockpit using radio. French paratroops, dropping from C-47 aircraft, and landing, to reinforce troops dug in at Dien Bien Phu. French artillery firing and rounds exploding in the distance. French troops moving through brush, and carrying wounded back out. Citizens on streets of Hanoi, North Vietnam, scrounging for scraps to eat. An old woman hunkered down in a doorway. A mother with a young boy. French troops crossing a bridge as they surrender following the siege at Dien Bien Phu. North Vietnamese troops entering Hanoi. Delegates at the Geneva conference of 1954, in the Palais des Nations, including representatives of the Soviet Union, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, and the People’s Republic of China, among others. Closeup of Soviet delegation, with Foreign Minister, Vyacheslav Molotov, second from left. View of the North Vietnamese delegation, and delegate Ta Quang Buu, Vice Minister of Defense of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), and Head of their Military Delegation, signing the accords. Closeup of one treaty page, with his signature, as Minister of Defense, and that of Henri, Deltiel, Brigadier General, who signed for the Commander in Chief of all French Forces in Indochina. OUtdoors. After the conference, Soviet Foreign Minister, Molotov shakes hands with Chou En-lai, Chinese Foreign Minister. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister,Andrei Gromyko, wearing a hat, is standing behind Molotov. A long line of refugees fleeing to the South, from North Vietnam. A 1954 map showing the division of North and South Vietnam at the 19th parallel. Mist settled among mountain tops. South Vietnamese people engaged in agricultural pursuits and building new dwellings. South Vietnamese placing ballots in boxes during elections. Brief glimpse of the glamorous Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu, defacto First Lady of South Vietnam, dressed in ao dai and wearing dark glasses, as she leaves a polling place. Farmers dressed in traditional conical hats (non la) working in grain fields, and reaping and carrying cut grain on poles in the South. Beautiful view of fishermen and boats silhouetted against sky, with tall limestone islands in background, at Ha Long Bay, North Vietnam (incorrectly implying it shows South Vietnamese in peaceful pursuits). South Vietnamese at work building structures with concrete blocks. A car with bullet holes in the windshield, draws attention on busy street in South Vietnam. Closeup of murdered man inside on floor of car. Scenes of vandalism at a house. Viet Minh guerillas moving through jungles and setting fires to straw roofed houses. Remains of a destroyed dwelling. Bodies of South Vietnamese killed, according to the narrator, by "Viet Cong pursuasion squads." A framed picture of Ho Chi Minh, over a North Vietnamese star flag.
Theodore Cuyler Streibert , Director of the U.S. Information Agency, speaks on the purposes of the Agency (USIS). The Director seated at a table. He states that there is much misunderstanding about the United States, throughout the world, and Communist entities wish to take advantage of this to spread misinformation about the U.S. As the leading world power for peace, he says the U.S. must tell the world the truth about America. This is the mission of the USIA. A map portrays Soviet dominated areas within the so-called "iron curtain,"encompassing 800 million people. Another map illustrates targets of Communist propaganda employed to facilitate North Korea's aggression against South Korea. A graph illustrates propaganda spending by the Soviet Union and Communist China, primarily to spread misinformation about America. Segments of a Soviet propaganda film about the U.S. are shown. It begins with a map of the U.S. and then shows the Statue of Liberty. Camera pans over Manhattan, showing skyscrapers. A narrator disparages American commercialism, materialism and sensationalism. A lion is seen sitting in a convertible car, looking over a young woman's head. Next are scenes of an American beauty contest, and of women performing precision water skiing. Then an airplane is seen crashing on landing and a car is seen burning. View from trolley car moving along Broadway, from Times Square, in Manhattan, New York City, at night. A follies-style Broadway show. Show girls in bathing suits, walking past the camera. Show girls performing on stage. Another nighttime view of Times Square. Dogs being manicured by groomers. Outdoor soup kitchen scene from the Great Depression in the 1930s with unemployed men receiving food. Hobos or homeless men at a railroad siding. Milk and grain being spilled from containers during a labor and pricing dispute. Scenes of slum area tenement houses with wash drying on lines strung between the buildings. Men playing bocce ball in the yard of an apartment house. Camera pans up the Empire State Building from street level view. African American drummer with other band musicians performing in a civilian band, and scenes of African American musicians in a U.S. Army band. Poor African Americans in the South, at home and doing wash outdoors. Mounted police maintaining order in scenes of a fire and public protest or labor strife (circa 1935) interposed with views of the Statue of Liberty. A Soviet propaganda poster about the Korean War, shows an American soldier walking away from a dead Korean woman whose small child clings to her. Fires burn and a burning airplane falls from the sky in the background. A propaganda cartoon shows "warmongers of the west" being counterbalanced by a Soviet fist on a pair of scales.
United Nations military action preserves democracy in South Korea and from attack of Communist North Korea. Map shows division of Korea and capital of North and South Korea as Pyongyang and Seoul. Animated arrows shows attack of North Korea to South Korea. Troops of Republican Army advance. Soldiers fire from trenches and hills. Soldier looks through binocular. Fire and smoke clouds rise. Soldiers raise flags at the United Nations office. Korean ambassador Chang at Emergency meeting of Security Council at the UN. Secretary of UN, Trygve Lie states this situation as threat to world peace and call for acceptance for the U.S. demand to reestablish peace. All 9 members present raise their hands in acceptance. Women carry small child, and refugees in South Korea. Men help old woman to walk. Two Korean refugee children stand, one child eats bread. Empty seat of representative of Socialist Soviet. U.S. delegate asks to assist South Korea and repel arm attack. 7 out of 8 representatives raise their hands in acceptance.
Events after World War II. Refugees flee East Germany. Map of Korea. Temporary boundary of 38th parallel in Korea. Formation of Republic of Korea. U.S. troops evacuate Korea. Troops leave by train. North Koreans attack South Korea. Civilian refugees flee. Delegates in the UN assembly. General MacArthur holds UN battle flag. U.S. troops land at Pusan to aid South Korea. U.S. troops fight North Koreans. U.S. and Canadian troops entrain for overseas service. British naval units and Swedish nurses leave for Korea. Turkish, Netherlands, and Australian troops arrive in Korea and are greeted by Korean civilians. Delegates in the UN assembly. Globe spins with flags of different nations. (Korean War)
The United Nations military action preserves democracy in South Korea and from attack of Communist North Korea. Map shows division of 38 Parallel in Korea. Pyongyang in North and Seoul in South Korea. Line and board reads 38 parallel on road and bridge. City of Seoul, the Capital of South Korea. The UN Commission at Korean assembly examines process of establishing democracy. Officials and President Syngman Rhee. The flag of South Korea. Civilians line for voting. Women stand in line. A child on back of woman. Men go in and come out of polling booth. River and hill in peninsula.
'Welcome Asian Peoples Anti-Communists Delegates to Seoul' written on a building in Seoul, Korea. A large crowd of participants gathered. Children wave and clap. A girl presents flowers to Madam Chiang Kai-Shek. Delegates around a stage. The crowd cheers. A military band plays. Flags of Nationalist China and South Korea are seen in the crowd.