Division of Vietnam into North and South Vietnam as Indochina war ends up in Vietnam. Aerial view of cratered battle ground, with smoke rising, at Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam, in March, 1954. A French A-26 Invader aircraft flying above some clouds and pilot in cockpit using radio. French paratroops, dropping from C-47 aircraft, and landing, to reinforce troops dug in at Dien Bien Phu. French artillery firing and rounds exploding in the distance. French troops moving through brush, and carrying wounded back out. Citizens on streets of Hanoi, North Vietnam, scrounging for scraps to eat. An old woman hunkered down in a doorway. A mother with a young boy. French troops crossing a bridge as they surrender following the siege at Dien Bien Phu. North Vietnamese troops entering Hanoi. Delegates at the Geneva conference of 1954, in the Palais des Nations, including representatives of the Soviet Union, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, and the People’s Republic of China, among others. Closeup of Soviet delegation, with Foreign Minister, Vyacheslav Molotov, second from left. View of the North Vietnamese delegation, and delegate Ta Quang Buu, Vice Minister of Defense of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), and Head of their Military Delegation, signing the accords. Closeup of one treaty page, with his signature, as Minister of Defense, and that of Henri, Deltiel, Brigadier General, who signed for the Commander in Chief of all French Forces in Indochina. OUtdoors. After the conference, Soviet Foreign Minister, Molotov shakes hands with Chou En-lai, Chinese Foreign Minister. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister,Andrei Gromyko, wearing a hat, is standing behind Molotov. A long line of refugees fleeing to the South, from North Vietnam. A 1954 map showing the division of North and South Vietnam at the 19th parallel. Mist settled among mountain tops. South Vietnamese people engaged in agricultural pursuits and building new dwellings. South Vietnamese placing ballots in boxes during elections. Brief glimpse of the glamorous Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu, defacto First Lady of South Vietnam, dressed in ao dai and wearing dark glasses, as she leaves a polling place. Farmers dressed in traditional conical hats (non la) working in grain fields, and reaping and carrying cut grain on poles in the South. Beautiful view of fishermen and boats silhouetted against sky, with tall limestone islands in background, at Ha Long Bay, North Vietnam (incorrectly implying it shows South Vietnamese in peaceful pursuits). South Vietnamese at work building structures with concrete blocks. A car with bullet holes in the windshield, draws attention on busy street in South Vietnam. Closeup of murdered man inside on floor of car. Scenes of vandalism at a house. Viet Minh guerillas moving through jungles and setting fires to straw roofed houses. Remains of a destroyed dwelling. Bodies of South Vietnamese killed, according to the narrator, by "Viet Cong pursuasion squads." A framed picture of Ho Chi Minh, over a North Vietnamese star flag.
U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon visits South Vietnam. Exteriors of a government building show Nixon and U.S. Army Lieutenant General John W. O'Daniel standing with Vietnamese officials in white suits. Civilians gathered holding banners. A large parade of South Vietnamese military units takes place, led by a marching band. Nixon stands with President of South Vietnam Ngo Dinh Diem. Vice-President Nixon makes a brief statement into the microphone. He is followed by Colonel Nguyen Van Y, who also makes brief remarks. President Diem and Vice-President Nixon stand together and are joined by U.S. Ambassador Fritz Nolting. Crowd applauds and photographers take pictures from steps of the building.
A U.S. Air Force C-121 (Lockheed Constellation) aircraft of the Military Air Transport Service, carrying Dr. Milton Eisenhower, taxis after landing at an airport in South America. (Milton Eisenhower, President of Pennsylvania State University, brother, and advisor to President Dwight D. Eisenhower,is on a good will tour of South America during June 23 through July 29, 1953.) He is seen doffing his black hat, while being escorted by welcomers. Next scene is a view from behind Eisenhower escorted by a large group of people, visiting a construction site. It is followed by closeup from the front showing Dr. Eisenhower, walking with W. Tapley Bennett, Jr., Deputy Director of the Office of South American Affairs, U.S. Department of State. They are accompanied by host country officials, including a military officer. More closeups show Eisenhower and Bennett (in shirtsleeves and sunglasses) talking amiably with workmen at the construction site.
Communist-backed North Korea at war with South Korea. Views of U.S. Navy warships firing on North Korean targets, U.S. Army tanks moving through a city in Korea, and U.S. soldiers scrambling in a fire fight. A U.S. Army chaplain hugs a dying American soldier and pats his face. The chaplain closely prays over the dying soldier. A U.S. Army officer lifts a shocked Korean child into a truck. Young Korean children, possibly orphans, eating food at a table. Korean civilians including women and children fleeing the war. UN council in a meeting regarding the Korean War. Soldiers from multiple nations mobilizing for the effort in Korea. View of Kremlin in Soviet Union. Scene of Stalin dead, lying in state surrounded by flowers around his casket. Other Soviet political leaders look on. Citizens pass by site where Stalin is memorialized. East German leader Walter Ulbricht speaking at a podium. Laborers in East Germany struggling as they work longer hours for less pay. Workers construct buildings. East German construction workers sitting idle on the scaffolds of a building under construction as they begin their strike in June 1953, initiating the Uprising of 1953 in East Germany.
U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon visits South Vietnam. Vietnamese Guard of Honor at an airport as a Military Air Transport C-121, Constelletion airplane lands. Vice-President Richard Nixon and his wife Patricia emerge from the airplane and are greeted by Vietnamese officials and Vietnamese girls with flowers. Vietnamese officials in white suits salute. Nixon in front of a USIS microphone. People assembled with banners. Nixon on a walkabout with civilians receives flowers. A motorcade with outriders arrives at a government building. Vietnamese officials stand and salute on the steps of the building. Interiors of the building show Nixon seated on a small platform listening to a speech by a Vietnamese official.
A television program 'Longines Chronoscope'. News correspondents Larry LeSueur and Bill Costello talk with Senator Mike Mansfield, from Montana. Senator Mansfield talks in regard to South Vietnam and the need to protect it against Communism.