Division of Vietnam into North and South Vietnam as Indochina war ends up in Vietnam. Aerial view of cratered battle ground, with smoke rising, at Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam, in March, 1954. A French A-26 Invader aircraft flying above some clouds and pilot in cockpit using radio. French paratroops, dropping from C-47 aircraft, and landing, to reinforce troops dug in at Dien Bien Phu. French artillery firing and rounds exploding in the distance. French troops moving through brush, and carrying wounded back out. Citizens on streets of Hanoi, North Vietnam, scrounging for scraps to eat. An old woman hunkered down in a doorway. A mother with a young boy. French troops crossing a bridge as they surrender following the siege at Dien Bien Phu. North Vietnamese troops entering Hanoi. Delegates at the Geneva conference of 1954, in the Palais des Nations, including representatives of the Soviet Union, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, and the People’s Republic of China, among others. Closeup of Soviet delegation, with Foreign Minister, Vyacheslav Molotov, second from left. View of the North Vietnamese delegation, and delegate Ta Quang Buu, Vice Minister of Defense of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), and Head of their Military Delegation, signing the accords. Closeup of one treaty page, with his signature, as Minister of Defense, and that of Henri, Deltiel, Brigadier General, who signed for the Commander in Chief of all French Forces in Indochina. OUtdoors. After the conference, Soviet Foreign Minister, Molotov shakes hands with Chou En-lai, Chinese Foreign Minister. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister,Andrei Gromyko, wearing a hat, is standing behind Molotov. A long line of refugees fleeing to the South, from North Vietnam. A 1954 map showing the division of North and South Vietnam at the 19th parallel. Mist settled among mountain tops. South Vietnamese people engaged in agricultural pursuits and building new dwellings. South Vietnamese placing ballots in boxes during elections. Brief glimpse of the glamorous Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu, defacto First Lady of South Vietnam, dressed in ao dai and wearing dark glasses, as she leaves a polling place. Farmers dressed in traditional conical hats (non la) working in grain fields, and reaping and carrying cut grain on poles in the South. Beautiful view of fishermen and boats silhouetted against sky, with tall limestone islands in background, at Ha Long Bay, North Vietnam (incorrectly implying it shows South Vietnamese in peaceful pursuits). South Vietnamese at work building structures with concrete blocks. A car with bullet holes in the windshield, draws attention on busy street in South Vietnam. Closeup of murdered man inside on floor of car. Scenes of vandalism at a house. Viet Minh guerillas moving through jungles and setting fires to straw roofed houses. Remains of a destroyed dwelling. Bodies of South Vietnamese killed, according to the narrator, by "Viet Cong pursuasion squads." A framed picture of Ho Chi Minh, over a North Vietnamese star flag.
Vietnamese refugees soon after arriving in the United States after the Vietnam War fall of Saigon. A Vietnamese girl seated next to a man using a radio to communicate. In the Refugee Center, a man writes names of refugees with their tent assignments. Air Force personnel and volunteers at work in the Center.
Evacuation of Americans and South Vietnamese refugees from Saigon during Operation Frequent Wind. Large group of evacuees on deck of aircraft carrier USS Midway. Former Vice President of South Vietnam, Nguyen Cao Ky, is seen leaving a helicopter and being escorted across the deck. Midway's deck crew prepares for emergency landing of a Cessna L-19/O-1 airplane, carrying a family of 7 persons. Lacking a radio headset, the pilot dropped a note that requested permission to land. The deck had been cleared of several helicopters (pushed overboard) to make room for the Cessna to land. A fire truck and firefighters stand ready. The Cessna aircraft is seen circling the Midway and setting up a landing pattern, above the ship. It lands smoothly on the carrier deck. The pilot, South Vietnamese Air Force Major Ly Bung, and his wife, are seen walking across the deck. Major Ly Bung holds his arm up acknowledging the other evacuees on board. (Note: This Cessna O-1 airplane was eventually brought to the U.S. and can be seen in the National Museum of Naval Aviation, at the U.S. Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida.)
The plight of South East Asian refugees, with focus on role of international organizations in Europe.
Host Alexander speaks about increasing number of refugees since 1975. Victor Palmieri, U.S. Coordinator for Refugee Affairs, is interviewed. He speaks about international aid to keep refugees alive. Camp area of refugees. Refugees are sent to other camps of other countries. Refugees in camp. Alexander speaks about that lucky refugees who are resettled into US, China, Canada, Australia and France and others remain in Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore.
Aerial view of temporary encampment for Vietnamese refugees at Eglin Air Force base in Valparaiso, Florida. View of the tents and barracks buildings, recreation areas, and roads in the camp, as seen in May 1975, soon after the fall of Saigon, near the end of the Vietnam War.
View from another ship of the United States Navy destroyer USS Preble (DLG-15) underway in the Pacific Ocean. Flags raised on the ship. Naval guns in view. Smoke rises up from the smokestack. The crew on the deck of the USS Preble. The ship takes a turn. (Note: USS Preble, DLG-15, which was the last ship to be hit by enemy gunfire in the Vietnam War, was re-designated as DDG-46 on July 1st 1975)