Exterior of an unidentified government building in Soviet Ukraine. In a Soviet Ukraine writers meeting, writers discussing and looking at books in hall. Famous Russian writers and members can be seen addressing the meeting. 1948.
History of Czechoslovakia from 1919 to 1968 depicts lives of its people and various crisis. Clip shows combination of still images and moving images, with background of Czech musical soundtrack. A burning Nazi plane shot by Soviet military during World War II. Soviet Red Army marches in Prague, Poland in May 1945 to rescue from German occupation and atrocities. People destroy Nazi emblems and symbols from buildings. People assemble in large numbers on roads and cheer for the incoming Soviet troops and tanks. Civilians of Czechoslovakia during normal life after World War 2. Workers in mines, farmers in field and women work in houses. Spread of communism and communists make a star formation during a rally in Prague (sometimes called the Prague Spring). President Edvard Benes in 1948 signs pact with Soviet government. Photos of Soviet General Joseph Stalin and other Soviet leaders in his office. Various Presidents and leaders of Czechoslovakia during the 1950s. Military and civilian communist groups march on streets in 1956. Czech Skoda automobile production factory scenes in mid 1960s. Workers work in factories and shops till night hours. A Czech textile factory scene. Czech men and women in 1960s fashions enjoying mugs of beer. Several scenes with Alexander Dubček, (Alexander Dubcek), then Soviet leaders Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolai Brezhnev arrive for meeting with Dubček. Smiling Czech people walk in cities and at a cafe during liberalization measures. Soviet and Warsaw Pact tanks, armored vehicles, infantry and aircraft start their occupation ending the Prague Spring in Prague, Bratislave and other cities in August 1968. Civilians argue with Soviet troops and demonstrate in streets. Large crowd of civilians watch the retreating Soviet forces from Czechoslovakia in 1968. Red Army met with agitation and resistance on streets by civilians. Soviet troops fire at some demonstrating civilians.
Legislators entering a hall in Czechoslovakia, in 1948. Inside,an image of the Small Coat of Arms of the Republic of Czechoslovakia (1920) dominates the scene. New scene shows Gustav Husak, acting Prime Minister, delivering an address urging support for the Communist Party. The next sequence shows violent Communist-led demonstrations, as armed trade unionists riot in the Prague streets, attacking the offices of the political opposition. Police attempt to restore order. On February 25, 1948, the communists achieve a Czechoslovak coup d'état. On February 27th, Czech President, Edvard Benes, receives a delegation including communist Premier Klement Gottwald and the 12 new members of the cabinet, at the Presidential Palace. He is seen signing documents accepting the communist cabinet. Change of scene shows Czech Foreign Minister, Jan Masaryk, giving a speech rejecting the change. (He remained in office, but died under suspicious circumstances on On March 10, 1948.) View of Masaryk in his casket. Mourners at his funeral.The Czech Parliament Building with flag at half staff. President Benes seen strolling, using a cane, accompanied by his wife, Hana Benes, in the garden of their summer home, Benesova vila, in Sezimovo Usti. Narrator notes that he refused to sign a new constitution drawn up by the communists. He died of natural causes at his villa on September 3, 1948. Scenes of his funeral and of him in his casket. Views of Benes' state funeral, with mourners lining the streets. View of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Narrator describes circumstances using Churchill's term "Iron Curtain." A communist parade in an Eastern European city. A person who was roughed up on the street. View of East German uprising in 1953, being suppressed with Soviet tanks. Uprising in Poland in 1955 being put down by local police and Russian soldiers. Polish musicians playing and examples of Polish political cartoons permitted under relaxed communist rule.
Formation of Soviet YAK fighter aircraft in flight. A lone German Messerschmitt Bf 109 in flight. The YAKs peel off and dive to attack. They pursue the German airplane and shoot it down. It crashes into the ocean. The flight of Soviet aircraft attack a lone German Me-110 and it descends in flames to crash and explode on the ground.The Soviets attack another German aircraft that also crashes and explodes. German pilot is seen descending in parachute. A downed German airplane begins to burn on the ground and bursts into flames that consume it. In separate sequence, Soviet General, Fedor Ivanovich Tolbukhin, looks through binoculars as he observes artillery fire on Sapun Mountains, Ukraine. Views of the General's staff. Soviet gun crews firing 203mm B-4 heavy artillery. Soviet officers discussing target map. Animated map showing the Soviet advances and capture of Sevastopol in May 1944
Soviet Petlyakov Pe-2 bombers on a grass field with engines running. View of bomb load under wing of one. A crashed German aircraft on the field. A German bomb labelled "Nur gegen handelsshiffe" (only against commercial vessels). Soviet ground crews moving bombs on dollies. Squadron of Pe-2 bombers taking off. View of Soviet crew in cockpit and view of waterway beneath with a ship moving in it. A formation of Soviet YAK fighter aircraft in flight. Formation of Pe-2 bombers and crews in cockpits as they release their bombs. A ship on the water seen from cockpit of low flying Pe-2 with aircraft engine and prop visible. A ship exploding and burning. Soviet navigator in bomber using a slide rule. Formation of Soviet bombers and formation of Soviet fighter planes.
Animated map on globe of world shows extent of the USSR from East to west and North to South (9 million Square miles). Miners extracting her natural resource minerals. 110 million
acres of forests and timber being felled. Coal on a conveyer belt. A "forest" of oil derricks in a Soviet field. Oil tank cars moving on a railroad. Iron and steel mills. 370 million acres of farmland. Farms being worked. Tea, tobacco, and cotton crops. Herds of ranch animals. Corn,oats,hops,rye and wheat being harvested by machinery. Huge parades of people parading in Red Square, Moscow, Russia. Dancers on floats in the parade. Cossacks from the Don River Valley demonstrate horsemanship. Map showing Ukraine, Russia,Hungary, Rumania,and other adjoining areas. Musicians playing balalaikas accompany dancers. Ukranians,Moldovians and Beserabians in local costume. Map of the Caucasuses between the Caspian and Black Seas. People from that region dancing and playing instruments. Armenians,and people riding on horseback from tribes of the Caucasian mountains. Uzbeks blowing long horns. Turkmen with horses. Mongols playing stringed instruments. Views of people from further East and North approaching Siberia. Some hunting with rifles. Views of Moscow. Moscovites walking on a summer day. Man riding in a horse-drawn carriage. Cars driving on a street. All kinds of vehicular traffic in Moscow city, including trams. Outside views of Soviet factories. Soviet soldiers. Soviet bricklayer, traffic cop, and sailor are shown. A riveter at work. Soviet school children. An old fireman.Nurse in a hospital. Civil engineer with transit. A window washer. A sales girl. Housewives. A Postal clerk. A radio announcer. A stewardess on an airliner. A chemist in a laboratory. A typist at work. A harpist playing and a ballerina dancing as an orchestra plays. Soviet citizens walking across a field. Narrator refers to their love for the soil. Animated map sums up Russia's size and characteristics.