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Soviet Union 1938 stock footage and images

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Soviet steamer Soyuz Vodnikov returns to the Soviet Union after facing attack by fascist Spanish Nationalist forces.

Soviet Russian steamer Soyuz Vodnikov, also spelled SojusVodnikov (later renamed Kreml’ during 1938), returns to the Soviet Union. Shot up and damaged parts are seen on the deck of the motor tanker ship due to a fascist attack. (The ship had been moving supplies from the Soviet Union into Spanish Morocco, and, on November 13, 1936, it was chased and detained by Spanish Civil War Nationalist forces at Ceuta harbor, on suspicion of delivering arms to the Republican loyalists. It was freed on November 17, 1936, after which it went to Terneuzen, Netherlands for repairs, and then on to the Soviet Union.) The ship is seen nearing a Soviet harbor. Soviet officers on board inspect the ship. The crew members are given a warm welcome on their return. The crew arriving on the harbor dock are welcomed with flower bouquets and hailed for their bravery.

Date: 1936, November
Duration: 50 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Exchange of cultures and collaboration in science and arts between the Soviet Union and the United States

The Moscow summit between the U.S. and USSR in Moscow, Russia. Wyeth family artwork being packed in boxes for a visit to the Soviet Union. Various paintings being packed up. In exchange, some Russian paintings and artwork seen that will be displayed in America. General Secretary of the Communist Party of Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev visits the United States during Glasnost efforts. People on the streets in what appears to be New York or possibly Washington DC are surprised when he exits his motorcade to shake hands directly with American citizens gathered on the sidewalks.The U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz and his wife visiting Soviet Georgia and being greeted by Soviet citizens. Gorbachev and U.S. President Ronald Reagan side by side at a summit in Washington DC. They stand together on the White House lawn as a band plays. Animation depicts the sharing of cultures between the two nations and the exchange of magazines. View of American rock star Billy Joel and his band performing at a concert in the Soviet Union on New Year's eve. A Moiseyev Dance Company folk troupe from Russia performing a dance in the United States. Cultural exchange between the two countries includes views of a piano performance by Vladimir Horowitz in Moscow and a ballet performance in the United States by the Bolshoi Ballet. Several Russian school children pose for pictures on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC. Soviet teenage children enjoy a elevated ropes course in an outdoor program. People sit in an amphitheater with officials at a Chautaqua Talk in 1987. A group of Soviet citizens view a touring "Information USA" exhibit in the Soviet Union that presents American culture. They view the program on an array of television monitors. A young Russian boy speaks in Russian about his interest in learning about American culture. People watch a science exhibition. Astronauts of the USA and Soviet Union in a spacecraft. The astronauts open a connecting hatch and shake hands. Narrator describes collaboration of the two nations to monitor and study the depleting ozone layer of the earth and how to protect it. A man is shown sunbathing. Officials of the America and the Soviet Union sign an agreement relating to sharing information about safety of nuclear power plants. Soviet representatives and George Shultz, the U.S. secretary of State, inaugurate a new communication system that communicates nuclear dangers between the two countries. A woman in the communication room. Food grain pouring from a harvester, part of what is supplied to the Soviets. Soviet Union tanks and soldiers in Afghanistan. Soviet soldiers walking on a street in Afghanistan in front of a shop. Arrested American journalist Nicholas Daniloff disembarks an aircraft after his release. View of the exterior of the American Embassy in Russia. U.S. marine Sgt. Clayton J. Lonetree being escorted under guard after having been accused of collaborating in a Soviet spy mission at the U.S. embassy in Moscow. Scene inside a Voice of America radio broadcast studio. Sign indicates it is broadcasting in Russian. Close up of meter moving on a radio instrument during the broadcast. Dancers from the Dance Theatre of Harlem performing before their visit to the Soviet Union. A group of Soviet citizens including men, women and children walking outdoors. Mikhail Gorbachev with U.S. President Ronald Reagan at a ceremony on the White House grounds on December 8, 1987.

Date: 1987
Duration: 5 min 13 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Color
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Soviet forces engage invading German forces during World War II

Opening scene shows Soviet troops gathered in a forest during World War 2. Artillery fire is heard in background. Next Soviet artillerymen are firing a 122 mm howitzer M1910/30 at a front line position during World War 2. . A Soviet Polikarpov I-16 aircraft is seen briefly, in flight overhead. Soviet infantry advancing across a field behind a T-34 tank. Heavy smoke clouds nearby in the background. Soviet infantry moving through forest as machine gun fire is heard. One soldier places a slit shield in front of himself and fires through it with his rifle, while standing in a trench. View of him firing alongside a comrade in the trench. Soviet troops jumping from an army truck to take up positions in the field. Soviet Marshal Semyon Timoshenko is seen at the battle front accompanied by another officer. . A string of dropped bombs explode in the distance. Soviet soldiers in a trench looking for enemy aircraft with binoculars. Infantry passing through barbed wire. One carries a mine detector. Soviet machine gunners duck as a shell explodes near them. Infantry charging through the woods.Soviet Polikarpov.I-16 aircraft attack German tanks that maneuver in attempt to escape them. Bombs explode among the tanks. A Soviet Polikarpov I-16 aircraft climbs rapidly overhead. View from Russian aircraft of German tanks racing across a field, that appear to be emitting smoke screens. Soviet tanks moving past a blazing wooden structure. Wrecked German army motorcycle and side car displaying the Totenkopf (death head) symbol. Closeup of the symbol. Dead German soldiers in the grass and lying next to a motorcycle. Remains of a downed German airplane, in flames. Dead German flyer entangled in remains of parachute. Soviet soldier examines a knocked out German Panzer I tank. Partial views of other destroyed German tanks. Smoke drifts across a quiet battlefield. Soviet infantry moving forward. Several views of German prisoners of war being marched in various locations. Closeup of Totenkopf and number 13 on the side of a German armored vehicle. A Soviet soldier begins to scrub it off the vehicle. Camera pans closely over some of the prisoners. A German soldier, who wants to stop fighting, presents a pass to a Soviet soldier as he surrenders. Closeup of the pass, one of many that had been scattered among the German forces, by the Soviets. It invites a bearer, who is fed up with killing, to come to the Soviets. The document states boldly, "Geht mit diesem ausweis durch die front." (Go with these identification papers through the front.) Soviet soldiers escort the German soldier away. Soviet soldiers help a wounded comrade from a tank camouflaged under hay. Soviet medical corps women and a male doctor tend to the wounds of a soldier. A Soviet non-commissioned officer speaks at a battlefront funeral in woods. Afterwards, all attending stand and remove their hats in respect. View of the grave marker and flowers covering the grave.

Date: 1941
Duration: 3 min 37 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Stalinism after Lenin's death and several people are purged after Moscow Trials and the Great Purge in Russia.

The Great Purge in Russia. On March 14, 1923 : A newspaper headline reads 'Lenin Suffers a stroke, Condition is Serious; Announcement Causes a Sensation in Moscow'. On January 21, 1924 : Another newspaper headline reads 'Lenin is Dead'. Bolshevik leader Lenin laid in a coffin. Senior Soviet officials carrying the body of Lenin in a funeral procession through the snow. People watch the funeral procession. Joseph Stalin with an officer. Stalin comes into power after Bolshevik revolutionary Leon Trotsky is forced into an exile. Views of workers pursuing 5-year plan goals: At a railroad train siding building rail infrastructure, with shovels; in logging operations in the snow; in a steel plant. View of coal being transported on conveyer. View of mining operations, with steam shovels filling rail cars. Views of chemical and petroleum facilities. View of hydroelectric power plant turbines and electrical distribution towers and wires. Workers in agriculture, with a truck in a field. Construction workers at large building site. Young machinist working on a lathe in a factory or manufacturing plant. Tailors working in a shop with pictures of Lenin and Stalin on the wall. Steam locomotive pushing train cars including boxcars up a mountain side in Siberia. Soviet "executioner" Nikolai Yezhov and other officers inside a building and footage from the Moscow Trials or sometimes called Moscow Show Trials from 1936 - 1938. Stalin with Bolshevik revolutionaries Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev who were disposed off during the Great Purge. Scenes of Moscow Trial proceedings, with participants wearing earphones. Picture of Nikolai Yezhov.

Date: 1923
Duration: 2 min 45 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
General Sikorsky and Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov meet in the Soviet Union.

Poland aids the Soviet Union during German-Russian Combat in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) during World War II. General Sikorsky of Poland is greeted by Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov, Chairman of the Council of the People's Commissars of the Soviet Union at Stalingrad. General Sikorsky and the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin plan an agreement for mutual defense. Two flags flying from flag poles. Polish troops stand at attention. Soviet or Polish troops march. Soviet troops at battle stations in a field. Soviet tank corps men run out and jump into their tanks. A tank goes out through a city near Moscow. Battle action during winter shows Soviet troops advancing to meet on coming Germans. A large gun mounted on a railroad (RR) car. A Soviet officer gives a signal to fire guns. All types of artillery-guns mounted on RR cars, armored trains, tanks field artillery, large cannon fire. Several buildings being demolished by shell blasts. Tanks advance. The Soviets advance across snow covered terrain. Soviet civilians gather up German equipment and pile it around in the area. Dead Germans on the ground. Destroyed German mechanized equipment. Observation towers and lookout posts commanded by the Soviets.

Date: 1942
Duration: 1 min 40 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Soviet Russia mobilizes to defend against German offensive (Operation Barbarossa) in World War II.

Film opens showing Adolf Hitler, in World War 2, with Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch, Army Commander-in-Chief, and other top military members, planning for Operation Barbarossa (Attack to the East toward the Soviet Union). As he walks away from the table, he speaks briefly to Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, head of the Kriegsmarine (German Navy). Next Hitler and Marshall Hermann Goering are seen strolling and conversing at the Eastern Front headquarters, "the wolf's lair," (Wolfschanze) near Rastenburg, East Prussia (now Poland). Scene shifts to the Soviet Union, where Joseph Stalin is seen speaking at a podium. A large outdoor audience, including some soldiers, is gathered to listen. Images showing the Soviet people responding to defend against the German Nazi invasion. Closeup of Soviet soldiers with shouldered weapons. The nearest is holding a PPSh-41 submachine gun. Closeups of Soviet women and men in military uniforms. Soviet citizens heading to enlist in the military. Soldiers marching loosely n a city street. Patriotic singing is heard in background. A formation of Soviet women marching. Some carry furled banners. Soviet women carrying simple farm implements, marching in a rural part of Russia and joining others who are working to prepare anti-tank ditches and barriers in the countryside. Views of hundreds of people working on this project. Weapons being provided to rural Soviet guerrillas who will operate behind enemy lines. Anti-aircraft guns being set up overlooking a harbor. Closeup of Soviet soldiers manipulating controls on a camouflaged anti-aircraft gun and others maneuvering a four-barreled anti-aircraft machine gun. Local farm family members on makeshift towers keeping watch over huge fields of wheat. Soviet farmers harvesting the wheat with scythes. An armed farmer shielding his eyes as he searches the skies for German airplanes. Closeup of a man cutting wheat with a scythe as women gather the sheaves behind him. Motorized harvesters at work in a field of wheat. Closeup of a woman operating one. Tractors used in harvesting. Women and children gleaning what remains behind in the harvested fields. Farmers driving their cattle East (away from advancing Germans). Evacuating Soviet people employ a scorched earth policy, burning their homes, barns, and anything that might be of value to advancing German forces. Views of burning houses. Soviet industrial enterprises working around the clock producing war materiel. Seen are petroleum facilities; a large plant expelling coke; coal pouring into a barge; men at work at a steel furnace; ribbons of hot steel moving out of rollers; a huge manufacturing plant in operation. Next, a Soviet Kliment Voroshilov (KV) tank is seen moving across a field. Soviet Russian Polikarpov I-16 fighter planes in flight. A large formation of German Dornier DO 17 bombers in flight high overhead. Soviet forces retreating. Views of fallen German soldiers, fires burning, and remnants of a downed German bomber. German prisoners of war marching under guard and others surrendering with hands in the air. Closeups of some German prisoners. A Russian Petlyakov Pe-2 aircraft parked in snow with engines running. Fallen German soldiers lying in the snow along a roadway, in Winter of 1941-42. A Russian Kliment Voroshilov (KV) tank maneuvering in the snow. Russian Bt-7 Light Cavalry Tanks proceeding toward the front in Springtime, 1942.

Date: 1941
Duration: 3 min 44 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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