German invasion of Russia during World War II. A map showing German invasion path in Russia until defeat at siege of Stalingrad. A map showing Soviet postwar expansion into Eastern Poland, East Prussia, portions of Finland and other areas. Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia are incorporated as Republics into the Soviet Union. Russian zones of occupation in Germany, Austria and North Korea. Map depicts an "Iron Curtain" encompassing the Soviet postwar territories. Soviet troops and tanks occupying countries. Soviet ZSU-57-2 self-propelled anti-aircraft guns traveling along a city street. Crowds cheering in a stadium in Soviet East Germany. President Wilhelm Pieck of the German Democratic Republic is among people seen applauding in the stands. . Soviet cargo ships in a harbor operating under trade agreements. Chinese Communist forces moving with guns and artillery and tanks to expel Chiang Kai-Shek and Chinese Nationalists from mainland China, in 1949. Chinese refugees including a casualty and a child holding a bag.
Animated map shows thrust of German forces during invasion of Soviet Russia in World War 2. Stalingrad is highlighted as a turning point. Another animated map shows Soviet territorial gains at the end of the war, as narrator discusses the disposition of those places and their respective populations, as in Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. He also discusses Soviet zones of occupation. Animated map shows "Iron Curtain." Soviet troops on parade. Soviet ZSU-57-2 self-propelled anti-aircraft guns (SPAAG) on display during a parade in 1945. A stadium filled with people in Soviet-occupied East Germany, in 1949. Friedrich Wilhelm Reinhold Pieck, the first President of the German Democratic Republic, is seen in the stands. Young East German women parade in traditional costumes, clapping their hands, in the stadium. Waterfront scenes show Soviet trade activities with post-war occupied entities. Scenes of conflict as Chinese communist forces expel Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist Chinese forces from the mainland to Formosa, in 1949. A litter-borne casualty and a refugee mother and small girl are seen.
Speaking before United Nations Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC) in its first meeting in June 1946, Bernard Baruch proposes international control of all atomic energy -- the so-called Baruch Plan. Low level aerial view of ruined post World War 2 European city. Goods including heavy equipment, locomotives, being loaded aboard ships to aid in the postwar recovery of Europe (The Marshall Plan). Workers in Western Europe making use of Marshall Plan materials to rebuild their national infrastructures. West European farmers restoring agriculture. View from overflying light airplane of parts of postwar Berlin in 1948. Blocked roads and empty railroad tracks leading from East Germany to West Germany, blocked by the Soviet Union. Barge traffic at standstill due to Soviet actions. U.S. C-54 transport aircraft flying supplies into West Berlin (The Berlin Airlift) during the Soviet blockade of that city. West Berliners watching U.S. transport aircraft bringing fuel, food and other essentials into the isolated city. A C-54 flying low over empty railroad lines, as it prepares to land in West Berlin. Supplies offloaded from a DC-3 ( AKA C-47 or British Dakota) equipped with unusual set of rear cargo doors. Supplies being moved on Tegel Airport with many C-54 aircraft in the background. Numerous C-47 aircraft operating at Tempelhof airdrome. An East German official opening a barricade as Soviet blockade of West Berlin ends on May 12, 1949, and supply trucks begin to move over roads again. Flags of Western nations flying on high flagpoles. Glimpse of Allied warships underway during World War 2. Formation of P-38 Lightning aircraft in flight overhead. NATO troops marching and NATO armor on parade. Flashes of heavy artillery firing at night. Korean refugees moving South in 1950 with the outbreak of the Korean War. View of UN Security Council meeting in the absence of Soviet representative. U.S. tanks firing guns and American infantrymen in conflict with North Korea in Korean War. American wounded on stretchers.
United States Senator Brien McMahon, chairman of the Joint Commission on Atomic Energy, addressing the nation in the United States. Senator McMahon standing at the microphones speaks about the first atomic bomb test conducted by Soviet Russia (called RDS-1, First Lightning, or Joe 1) on August 29, 1949. The Senator talks about the President's announcement that the Soviet Union has exploded its first atomic bomb. He speaks about the atomic energy project and the necessity for U.S. President Truman to talk to the Russians. He says that the whole world has to be alerted about the atomic bomb explosion and interference of the United Nations is necessary in the matter.
After the division of Berlin, Soviet Union thwarted essential supplies to West Berlin by blockading the entrance to the area. Americans supplied food and other items through airlift. Views of Berlin citizens including children receiving food supplies and even candy at Christmas time. Berlin children play with model aircraft simulating airlift planes. Views of crashed Berlin Airlift DC-3 plane in flames. But later on May 2, 1949 Soviets lifted the blockade and people celebrated the occasion with a procession.
The Kremlin viewed from Borodinsky bridge over Moskva (Moscow) River, in May, 1949. Cathedral Square can be seen to the right (East) dominated by the tall Ivan, the Great, Bell tower. The Metropolitan Hotel viewed from across a square. Buses moving on the streets. Camera pans across members attending meeting of a USSR legislature (Duma), focusing on the wide variety of ethnicities and cultures represented by the persons and dress of the delegates. A speaker delivers a dramatic poetic speech and is applauded. Huge illuminated images of Lenin and Stalin flank the backdrop of the stage and podium. The film ends with the Chairman of the Gosduma, rising and applauding, quickly accompanied by others on the stage and then, by those seated in the hall.