Presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in the United States. New York Herald Tribune newspaper correspondent Roscoe Drummond asks Senator Kennedy that how can American prestige be measured abroad. Senator Kennedy responds stating that America is identified with the cause of freedom and if other countries have to choose between America and a Communist country, they would choose America. He further speaks that there are many indications that prestige of the United States is not as high as it once was. Kennedy summarizes some of these indications and relates to it by mentioning the example of Sputnik Program by the Soviet Union in 1957. Kennedy speaks about the economic development of the Soviet Union. He says the Soviet Union will be ahead of any other country scientifically and militarily by 1970. He mentions votes by different countries in the United Nations dealing with Red China. He says that Guinea and Ghana, two independent countries now are supporting Soviet foreign policy at the UN. NBC correspondent Bill Shadel asks Richard Nixon to speak on the topic. Vice President Nixon responds by speaking about the economic development of the Soviet Union. He speaks that the Soviet Union is a very primitive economy and that the United States is well ahead economically. He says that if the United States is going to maintain its strength and its prestige, they must not only be strong militarily and economically but must be firm diplomatically also. Bill Shadel says that an entire hour was devoted to answering questions from the reporters. He says that each candidate was questioned in turn and each had the opportunity to comment on the answer of his opponent. Shadel says that the reporters were free to ask any question on any subject, neither candidate was given any advance information on any question that would be asked. He says that the fourth debate is scheduled for Friday, October twenty-first.
Major events of the year 1957. Laika, Soviet space dog prepared for the space flight. Laika takes off in Sputnik 2 in Soviet Union. An animation shows the spacecraft in outer space. In United States efforts to launch a small "grapefruit" satellite on Vanguard TV-3 test rocket meet in failure as the rocket explodes at take off on December 6, 1957. View of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France. President Dwight D Eisenhower arrives in Paris, France to talk about the development of missiles with other NATO leaders. The French Prime Minister Felix Gaillard with President Eisenhower. View of Atlas missile launched successfully at Cape Canaveral in Florida, United States.
Faces of ordinary Russian workers. Historic footage of Russian leader Vladimir Lenin giving a speech circa 1917.Cheering Russian revolutionaries waving rifles with fixed bayonets. Another view of Lenin speaking, followed by view of cheering civilians. Men wave their hands and their caps. A nighttime rally in street. Illuminated monument. Leaders stand in moving vehicle as surrounding crowd cheers. Fixed bayonets reflected in partial light.
The Moscow summit between the U.S. and USSR in Moscow, Russia. Pictures depict the tribes and people of America. People pack the pictures in a box for the visit of the Soviet Union people. Some pictures of the Russian art. General Secretary of the Communist Party of Soviet Union Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev visits the United States. People on the street to receive him. The U.S. Secretary of State George Pratt Shultz and his wife visit Russia. People greet them. Gorbachev and the U.S. president Ronald Reagan at a summit in Washington DC. Americans at the summit. Animation depicts the merging of cultures between the two nations and the exchange of magazines. American rock star Billy Joel and his group perform in the Soviet Union on New Year's eve. Cultural exchange between the two countries includes a piano performance of Horowitz in Moscow and a ballet performance in the United States by the Bolshoi Ballet. An exchange program at school level. Soviet children at an American outdoors ropes and climbing activity during an exchange program. The talks held to discuss vital issues in New York. People sit in an amphitheater with officials at a Chautaqua Talk in 1987. The people of the Soviet Union watch an "Information USA" touring exhibit in the Soviet Union that presents American culture. A young Russian boy speaks about his interest in American culture. People watch a science exhibition. Astronauts of the USA and Soviet Union in a spacecraft. Collaboration of the two nations to protect the ozone layer. Officials of the two nations sign an agreement relating to the nuclear power plants. George Shultz, the U.S. secretary of State, inaugurates a system that communicates nuclear dangers. A woman in the communication room. Food grain supplied to the Soviets. Soviet Union tanks and soldiers in Afghanistan. Soldiers walk on a street. American journalist Nicholas Daniel disembarks a plane after his release. The view of the American Embassy. Mikhail Gorbachev with U.S. President Ronald Reaga
Poland aids the Soviet Union during German-Russian Combat in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) during World War II. General Sikorsky of Poland is greeted by Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov, Chairman of the Council of the People's Commissars of the Soviet Union at Stalingrad. General Sikorsky and the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin plan an agreement for mutual defense. Two flags flying from flag poles. Polish troops stand at attention. Soviet or Polish troops march. Soviet troops at battle stations in a field. Soviet tank corps men run out and jump into their tanks. A tank goes out through a city near Moscow. Battle action during winter shows Soviet troops advancing to meet on coming Germans. A large gun mounted on a railroad (RR) car. A Soviet officer gives a signal to fire guns. All types of artillery-guns mounted on RR cars, armored trains, tanks field artillery, large cannon fire. Several buildings being demolished by shell blasts. Tanks advance. The Soviets advance across snow covered terrain. Soviet civilians gather up German equipment and pile it around in the area. Dead Germans on the ground. Destroyed German mechanized equipment. Observation towers and lookout posts commanded by the Soviets.
The US-USSR Moscow Summit on Human rights in Moscow, Soviet Union. U.S. president Ronald Reagan speaks on issues relating to Human rights. Other officials seated in front. He speaks about the right to immigrate and travel. View of the Kremlin in Moscow. U.S. Secretory of State George Pratt Shultz speaks about strategic arms reductions in light of the weapons race. The White house press secretary Marlin Fitzwater at a press conference. The board reads 'Department of State'. Exteriors of the building. View of protesters permitted to demonstrate in the Soviet Union indicating some improvement in conditions. In Washington DC, citizens march on streets demonstrating for the freedom of Soviet Jews. The soviet scholar Peter Reddaway speaks about the reforms and highlights reforms and changing Soviet policy on open-ended internment of mental health patients. People pray inside a church in the Soviet Union. George Weigel, the president of the James Madison Foundation, speaks of importance of religious freedom in the Soviet union on a news panel. Weigel states that religious freedom is a key test of Glasnost and Perestroika. Exterior view of the Ukrainian Catholic National Shrine of the Holy Family under construction in Washington DC, built by Ukrainian American Catholics. People in the Soviet Union protest, marching on a street and holding signs and pickets. A large military parade in the Soviet Union in Red Square.