German occupation of Spitsbergen, Norway during World War 2. German fleet underway in the Arctic Ocean off Spitsbergen. German soldiers aboard a ship. Naval guns aboard a ship bombards the coast. German soldiers loaded in a landing craft as it is being lowered into the sea along the side the ship. A German destroyer lays a smoke screen. The soldiers transfer from the ship into the landing craft. Troops land at the coast of Spitsbergen. Engineers plant demolition charges on a tree.
The history of famous airplanes. Australian polar explorer Captain Sir George Hubert Wilkins and American aviator Lieutenant Carl Benjamin Eielson in Spitsbergen, Svalbard after completing a 2,200 mile trans-Arctic flight from Alaska to Spitszbergen. Captain Wilkins in a civilian dress. An aircraft being moved out of the area. 'Detroit news, Arctic expedition' written on the side of the airplane. Captain Wilkins and Lt Eielson check over the airplane prior to a take off. Men dressed in civilian garb. The aircraft starts to taxi across the field. It is a Lockheed Vega aircraft. Animated world map shows the start of the Wilkins flight on April 15th from Point Barrow in Alaska and traces the route of the flight to Spitsbergen. The time of the flight was 20 hours, 20 minutes. They land at Green Bay in Spitsbergen.
United States Navy Lieutenant Commander Richard Evelyn Byrd and aviator Floyd Bennett become the first to reach the North Pole by air. Byrd's streamer Chantler arrives at Kings Bay in Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Two ships in an ice clogged harbor. Lt. Commander Byrd is welcomed by his friendly rival Captain Roald Amundsen. Amundsen climbs from one ship to another and shakes hands with Byrd. Byrd and Amundsen walk around and look over Byrd's Fokker tri-motor aircraft 'Josephine Ford' which is equipped with skis and is parked in snow. Workmen push fuselage and wing section of the Fokker tri-motor across the snow. The airplane moves down a snow clad incline. The ski equipped Fokker tri-motor aircraft takes off from a snow covered field in Spitsbergen. The aircraft returns and lands on a snow covered field after a flight to the North Pole. A large hangar and snow covered mountains in the background. Capt. Amundsen congratulates Byrd and shakes hands with him. Many people, dressed in heavy clothing, shake hand with Lt. Commander Byrd.
A North Pole expedition undertaken by Captain Roald Amundsen and American explorer Lincoln Ellsworth. Capt. Amundsen and Ellsworth aboard USS Knut Skaaloren arrive at Kings Bay in Spitsbergen, Svalbard. They walk back and forth on the deck of the ship. Dirigible Norge arrives for a landing. A large hangar and snow covered mountains in background. A close up of Amundsen and Ellsworth. Airship Norge being backed out of a hangar. Snow clad hills in the background. A workman works on one of the motors on the side of the airship. Amundsen and Ellsworth in the gondola of the airship. They wave to the people around the gondola. Airship Norge takes off. 'Norge' written on the airship.
The history of famous airplanes. Italian aeronautical engineer and Arctic explorer General Umberto Nobile in dirigible 'Italia' in Italy. He prepares to repeat the 1926 flight of dirigible Norge. Animated world map shows dirigible Norge's course from Spitsbergen, Svalbard to Point Barrow in Alaska. General Nobile stands in the doorway of the gondola of the dirigible. Dirigible 'Italia' in flight.
United States Navy Lieutenant Commander, Richard Evelyn Byrd's arctic expedition to fly an airplane over the North Pole. U.S. Freighter Chantier docked in New York harbor. A Tug boat pushes the SS Chantier away from her pier in New York Harbor. Lt.Cmdr. Byrd, pilot Floyd Bennett, and two other members of the expedition, consult charts to plan their flight, during the cruise from New York to Norway. View from the ship's deck as they traverse sea covered with floating ice floes. closeups of the ice floes. View from the deck, as the SS Chantier approaches land, in King's Bay, Spitsbergen, Norway. A Norwegian gunboat is docked at the only pier. Snow and ice-covered mountains rise in the background. Several buildings, including a hangar, for the airship, Norge, are seen at the Norwegian camp. The Harbor master comes out to the Chantier, with three other men, in a dingy. They struggle through the ice floes, using long poles to help them maneuver.