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Sudetenland Czechoslovakia 1938 stock footage and images

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Adolf Hitler's plans and actions for conquest of Austria and Czech Sudetenland; events leading up to and through Munich Pact

Film opens showing Adolf Hitler ascending stairs to the Bergfhof, accompanied by Marshal Hermann Goering, and followed by other high ranking Nazi officers. Inside, General staff officers begin briefing Hitler about plans for German expansion Eastward. Finger points to Austria on map. Next, on March 12, 1938, Border Guards are seen dismantling barriers at the border as German troops march into Austria. German aircraft fly overhead. Hitler stands in his open touring car as it drives into Vienna, where local people line the sidewalk, and welcome him with the Nazi salute. Maps depict the fall of Austria and illustrate the anticipated conquest of Czechoslovakia. Brief overlay image of Bismark as narrator quotes him about Bohemia being key to control of Europe. German troops advancing up steep mountainous terrain. German soldiers on horseback and wagons passing road sign pointing to cities of Karlovy Vary and Cheb, in the west Bohemia region of Czechoslovakia. Czech troops marching in formation with shouldered arms. View of Czech Avia B-534 warplanes at an airfield. Interior of a Czech Skoda works munitions factory. President of Czechoslovakia, Edvard Beneš, signing papers at his desk. French lancers marching in formation, on parade. (Narrator comments on French military alliances with Czechoslovakia and Great Britain.) View of warships in British fleet. Hitler outdoors, surrounded by German military officers, looking over large maps. Animated map highlights the "Sudetenlands" bordering Germany, including districts of Bohemia, Moravia, and parts of Silesia inside Czechoslovakia, where use of German language was common. Street scene from that area showing some youths in uniforms, marching. Hitler giving speech about bringing the German people together again. The uniformed youth marching at a camp. Sign erected on stone wall at the camp reads: "Die Faune ist mehr als der..."(the flag is more than ...) Youth in Naval garb march on a street with a Nazi flags. Spectators give Nazi salutes. Young men in Khaki uniforms march with Nazi symbols. Scenes shift to similar parades in Norway, Sweden,China,and the United States. Back in Czechoslovakia, Hitler reaches down from his podium to shake hands with parading youth. Images of Admiral Chester Nimitz, Lieutenant General Walter Krueger, Senator Robert Wagner, Wendell Wilkie, Henry J. Kaiser, and American military members, superimposed on American flags. Sudentenland Nazi supporters marching. Konrad Ernst Eduard Henlein, Sudeten German politician, with a Nazi officer. More views of Sudeten Nazi supporters. Nazis in an office showing blackjacks. Hospitalized Czechs who suffered at hands of Nazi supporters in street fights. Hitler speaking before the Bundestag. Closeup of Joseph Goebbels.Foreign minister Maxine Lichtenhof speaking to League of Nations meeting announcing Russia's readiness to back action against Germany. Czech borders being closed. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain arriving by plane in Munich. Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, and Hermann Goering with Chamberlain, at the meeting to sign the Munich Agreement. View of protests by people in the streets of Czechoslovakia. French Prime Minister Edouard Daladier and Chamberlain, both being praised by countrymen upon their respective returns from Munich. (Chamberlain seen arriving just before giving famous "peace for our time" speech.)

Date: 1938, September
Duration: 5 min 37 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
The Sudetenland Germans welcome Hitler and German occupying military forces

The occupation of Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia on 1st October, 1938. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler in a car. German troops and calvary units enter Sudetenland. Tanks pass through an arch expressing thanks for liberation. The citizens of Sudetenland greet the soldiers. Hitler in a car. The insignia of the Nazi Party in the background. A member of the local Nazi Party speaks to the people and turns to salute Hitler. Crowds are enthusiastic.

Date: 1938, October 1
Duration: 1 min 13 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Hitler Speech, Berlinersportpalast, On the Situation of the Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia, 26 September 1938

Hitler declares a policy on Sudetenland on 26th September, 1938. He speaks at the Berlinersportpalast, Berlin, Germany. Newspaper headlines about Sudetenland. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler from a podium. The insignia of the Nazi Party on the stage. The flags of the Nazi Party. People seated in the hall listen to his speech. Banner expressing the Party slogan: One People, One Realm, One Leader.

Date: 1938, September 26
Duration: 1 min 27 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Actions of Axis and Allied powers on brink of World War II in period 1937-1939.

Japanese troops parade for Emperor Hirohito, mounted upon a white horse. Italian troops goosestep and German troops goosestep on parade. View of Austrian town with snow-covered Alps mountains in background as German troops enter Austria on March 13, 1938 during the Anschluss. Local citizens welcome them, displaying swastika flags and giving Nazi straight arm salutes. Troops, military vehicles, tanks, motorcycles, and horse-drawn artillery comprise the German invading force. Shifts to Spain, where war torn buildings reflect effects of German and Italian intervention during the Spanish Civil War. A donkey standing near field artillery piece. Artillery being fired from an urban park in Spain. Artilleryman using a range finder. German gun crew with heavy artillery piece. Soldiers wearing Adrian steel helmets, firing a two-wheeled water-cooled machine gun. Spanish carrying wounded on stretcher. Spanish civilians inadvertently slain during civil war conflict. Starving dog walking in street. Huge poster of Francisco Franco and view of him on reviewing stand saluting marching Nationalist troops. Repeat of Hirohito reviewing troops and Italian and German troops goosestep. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini stand together in open car heading to Fuhrerbau in Munich, Germany, for signing of Agreement between Germany, Italy, Britain, and France in 1938.Neville Chamberlain, and Edouard Daladier riding in car to Fuhrerbau. Views of the principals signing the accords. Hermann Goering seen. In Italy, Mussolini waves to cheering crowd from balcony. German troops enter Sudetenland (Czechoslovakia) greeted by joyous ethnic German inhabitants.German military brass band playing in open trucks. Signpost pointing to Prag; Eger; Joachimsta; and Komotau. German troops marching into Prague.Italian Destroyer in port, as Italy invades Albania in 1939. An Italian L3/33 tankette being unloaded from a ship.Bicycle troops riding in Albania. German gun position overlooking river. Hitler at Reichstag mocks Roosevelt plea to stop invasions.

Date: 1938
Duration: 4 min 59 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Adolf Hitler enters Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia, where crowds greet him enthusiastically

A motorcade of open cars carrying Adolf Hitler and his entourage along a street in the Sudenland, Czechoslovakia. Next, Hitler is seen standing on a balcony overlooking the Marktplatz in downtown Cheb (German: Eger). Among those seen with him are Hermann Goering and Konrad Henlein (wearing glasses). Henlein is head of the Nazi Party in Czechoslovakia, and Reichskommissar for the Sudetenland. Crowds of noisy Sudeten Germans are gathered in the Marktplatz to greet their liberator. Most of the footage focuses on Hitler.

Date: 1938, October 7
Duration: 1 min 12 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
President Edvard Benes of Czechoslovakia with a dignitary.

Events prior to World War II. President Edvard Benes of Czechoslovakia along with a dignitary in a car during a reception ceremony in Czechoslovakia. The car drives past a large crowd and soldiers lined up for the reception of the dignitary. President Benes maintains firm stand on opposition to German annexation of Sudetenland territory.

Date: 1938, September 19
Duration: 24 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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