Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.
Atomic bomb production and its use in the United States. Doctor Ernest O. Lawrence experiments with the cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. View of the exterior and interior of the cyclotron. An animated diagram shows the results of the splitting of the uranium atom. Diagram shows a nucleus, electrons and protons. Atomic structures of Helium, Lithium and Uranium. A diagram of the creation of barium and krypton, and the release of atomic energy. Aerial and ground views of Y-12 atomic energy testing, uranium enrichment, and manufacturing plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Workers walking on the grounds of the the plant. The Trinity Shot first atomic explosion is shown near Los Alamos, New Mexico on July 16, 1945. Flash of explosion and a cloud of smoke rises as seen from U.S. Army cameras 6 miles away. Two other views of the explosion are seen from other camera positions while narrator explains the effects. U.S. President Harry S. Truman speaks of the need to keep the secrets of the atomic bomb among the U.S., the U.K, and Canada, alone, until they find successful techniques to control the bomb and protect the world from total destruction. He indicates that he will work the the U.S. Congress in the effort and make the power a force for world peace. Truman asks that God guide the U.S. in how to use the technology in His ways and for His purposes.
Use of an electric mixer is demonstrated by woman from the Tennessee Valley Authority in rural Tennessee, in the United States. Women sitting around, watching the demonstration, clap. The woman tells the advantages of the electric mixer. Two women watch and talk. A child sits beside the demonstration table. Two women and an old woman sit and watch.
Recovery efforts from the Great Depression in the United States. (Footage largely from mid 1930's, produced in 1967). A farmer plows his field using oxen. Men and women work in fields. Price tags on food products. Officials of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration in an office discuss reforms to solve farming over production and low demand. Statue of Abraham Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial. The White House building. Scenes of dilapidated farms and fields overcome by drought and dust bowl conditions. Farmers sit outside their houses fatigued and exhausted. Faces of tired, fatigued farmers. A town meeting of farmers in a small town. Franklin Roosevelt with cabinet and other officals in early days of his administration. Floods in Tennessee Valley washing away farmland. Farmland scarred by erosion lines and trenches. The Tennessee Valley Authority builds dams and power plants in the Tennessee Valley and helps farmers reclaim and improve land. Farmers in a rural town listen to a Tennessee Valley Authority official present plans of development. Establishment of Rural Electrification Administration. Electric power lines set up in the rural areas of the United States. Franklin Roosevelt addressing the U.S. Congress in the Capitol. Scenes from voting centers and of a voting booth in an American town. Wendell Willkie addressing a crowd. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt converses with an African American official (possibly in connection with signing of Executive Order 8802, the Fair Employment Act). Eleanor Roosevelt behind him, and Secretary of State Edward Stettinius, Jr. to her left. Eleanor Roosevelt speaking to group of African American children.
Harnessing rivers in United States. Tennessee River flows with full force. Floods cause damages in farms and towns. The flow of water causes soil erosion. Tennessee Valley Authority develops the Tennessee River system for flood control and to generate surplus electricity to avert waste of water power. Congress passes Tennessee Valley Authority legislation. Construction crew works on the construction of dam. Workers balancing on steel beams, high in the air. Riverters throwing and catching hot rivets. Steam shovels and pneumatic hammers in operation. Concrete being poured and a welder with helmet and torch,at work. Animated map shows the river and tributaries. Several other dams in view. The dams help in electricity power generation and irrigation.
United States and Chinese airmen at Bergstrom Field, Austin, Texas July 1946.
The Neo-Classical building is the Texas State Capital at Austin, Texas and Austin Texas is noted on the graduate’s diploma “Bergstrom Field, Austin, Texas”. At this time the 349th Troop Carrier Group was based at Bergstrom and assigned to the Third Air Force, Tactical Air Command as noted on the diploma. Also “Air Force Combat Units of World War II” Edited by Maurer Maurer states this unit trained Chinese crews to operate C-46 aircraft.
Film is very interesting in that it visually shows the transition from “Army brown to Air Force Blue” for the C-46s still carry the I TROOP CARRIER COMMAND insigne on the nose, with was disbanded on 4 Nov 1945 but they have the new AAF wide "Buzz Numbers" for all aircraft operating solely within the continental USA, by T.O. 07-1-1 of November 1945 and the graduate’s diploma is notating the new post-war air force type command reorganization of March 1946.