Activities of the Red Cross in Siberia, Russia during World War I. Dr. Charles Lewis, sits, flanked by nurses, on a bench at the Red Cross hospital in Tymen, Siberia, as other doctors and staff pose behing them. Dr. Lewis started operations at this hospital in November, 1918, with a staff of ten American nurses, mostly from mission hospitals, and three other physicians: J. H. Ingram, George Hayden, and R. V. Taylor. At this hospital, they care for wounded Czech soldiers. Later the Red Cross nurses are seen conversing with doctors and staff. (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
Wounded Czech soldiers in Red Cross hospital at Tyumen,Siberia, (halfway between Ekateringburg and Omsk) during World War I. Patients lying in their beds. Red Cross staff start distributing packages to the patients. Uniformed personnel of the American Red Cross, pass out packages to the patients. Recovering ambulatory patients walk about posing for the camera. One playfully removes a pipe from mouth of another. Recovering Czech soldiers are seen playing chess. Doctors examining patients with severe cases of frostbite. (Note: The hospital was originally a private school and one of the most well built and equipped in Siberia. When asked about turning it into a hospital, the builder-owner, a Mr. Kolekolnickof, graciously consented. Physicians who served during startup of the hospital, included: Team head, Dr. Charles Lewis; Dr. J. H. Ingram; Dr. George Hayden; and Dr. R. V. Taylor) (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
The German Army in conflict with Russia in World War I. A map of Soviet Russia, showing cities of Kiev and Odessa. Snow covered roads in Russia. German army vehicles move along the snow covered roads. Scene from First World War, of German General Paul von Hindenburg and his deputy, General Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff, leading procession of officials and officers across a railroad train platform. Lieutenant General Helmuth von Pannwitz, Cossack Cavalry Commander, on horseback in a public square. Lieutenant General Anton Denikin with Cossack troops in winter weather coats and hats, talking and laughing. German troops on the march. German commanders review troops occupying a city (Odessa, 1918?) What appears to be a baroque-style cathedral in background. Occupying German troops parade through streets of city. German soldiers on guard at a large building entrance. A sign on a building reads in German 'German Commander'.
Entente Powers intervention in Russia during World War 1. Slate identifies Commander of British Forces General Henry Owen Knox. (Research indicates he was an honorary Brigadier General circa 1918-19, and may have been the ranking officer with British Forces aboard ship while en route to Russia.) He smokes a cigarette and talks with another British officer on the ship. (Note: the Commander of the British mission in in Russia during the Allied intervention was Major-General Alfred Knox.) (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
After Lenin makes peace with Germany, civil war breaks out in Russia. White Russian troops are seen fighting against Bolshevik troops in the snow. American soldiers, supporting the White Russians, are seen in Archangel (Arkhangelsk). Cossacks on horseback carry the Tsarist flag. The Romanovs, Tsar Nicholas II and his family are photographed outdoors seated on a wooden bench by barricade fence at Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg. Bolsheviks arresting other revolutionaries who were opposed to them, and executing them by firing squad. Vladimir Lenin with cat in his lap. View of Fanny Yefimovna Kaplan (AKA "Dora") who attempted to assassinate Lenin on August 30, 1918. View of Lenin speaking to Soviet workers. Newspaper of September 1, 1918 reports on the assassination attempt, with dateline London, August 31st: "Lenin wounded twice by assassin. Attempt on Red Premier's life at Moscow. Commissary Uritzky murdered at Petrograd." Crowd in turmoil in Moscow. Newspaper reports capture of would-be assassin, noting that "official Bolshevist paper says, "She is girl of intellectual class." Narrator states that some 500 anti-Bolsheviks are executed in Moscow.
Military band (not playing) leads U.S. soldiers of the 339th Infantry, in loose formation, through wooded area to a cemetery in a field near a church in Archangel (Arkhangelsk) during the Allied North Russia Intervention of World War 1. Several officers (unidentifiable) are standing on a raised stand. Two large crosses are seen behind them. Scene changes completely, to American Memorial Day ceremony at Archangel,in 1919. Allied officers occupy stands decorated with colors of the participating Entente powers. The military band is located nearby. A speaker's stand is set up and ostensibly occupied by Brigadier General Wilds P. Richardson and British Field Marshal Edmund Ironside. (But they cannot be recognized in the distance) A horse and carriage are seen in the far background. Soldiers, sailors, and civilians are in attendance. The ceremony begins with everyone saluting colors held by an honor guard. Then, a squad of American soldiers fires a three-salvo salute with their rifles. (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)